Friday, June 12, 2015

Chronologies: Book of Giants - Volume 1

There is a full-text version of the below newspaper items, without any of the introduction. It also includes additional items that are based upon unique objects and extraordinary locations.


There are more things that lie between Heaven and Hell, than are
dreamt of in our philosophies.

Most people who read that sentence view it as a simple reference to a Shakespeare quote. Instead, it should be viewed as a challenge; a call to pursue the spirit of discovery.

I have always been fascinated by tales of the strange and unusual.
As a child, the very first time that I heard a story about a guy named Jonah getting swallowed by a whale, and then getting spewed out days later, I was wide-eyed with amazement at the astonishing tale.
With the conclusion of the Jonah story, two profound character qualities were born within me.
First, I developed an absolute fascination with stories of the incredible and extraordinary.
Second, I developed an absolute terror of almost everything that might lurk within the depths of any body of water... and this was long before I saw the movie "Jaws". Honestly, 'Jaws' did not help to alleviate any of my 'serious concerns' regarding water critters... but it did drive home the idea to 'always pay attention to what is below the surface'; this is true for the spooky stuff moving in the water, as well as in real-life applications.
Ironically, I have never lost my interest in tales of the unusual, nor have I lost my fear of any body of water which might be deeper than a bathtub.

Back in the dark days of the pre-internet world, I once read a book which had made a reference to an old mummified body of a pygmy human being unearthed in Wyoming during the 1930's. Because it was a story that I had found to be highly unusual, the memory of this extraordinary tale remained with me for several years.
By chance, I was browsing a variety of online newspaper archives when I remembered the story about this prehistoric little creature that had been unearthed in a Wyoming cavern.
A select few words were typed into the newspapers' archive search engines in an effort to learn more about the alleged pygmy mummy of Wyoming.

The search results which I received were shocking, as there were hundreds of newspaper articles that detailed the alleged discovery of strange human remnants.
At first, I thought that an error had occurred, where the same newspaper article had just been copied and then displayed upon the screen, over and over. As I began scanning over them, however, it became clear that each of the printed items were allegedly describing separate and distinct discoveries at various locations.

In a very real way, I had struck the mother-lode of mysterious news clips.

Written in black and white, within the pages of our own history, there is clearly chronicled evidence that supports the existence of a prehistoric culture and civilization that had lived upon the shores of ancient North America.
Many of the early scientists, historians, and archaeologists often made references to their belief in an ancient race of mankind having once populated the Americas, prior to the arrival of the White settlers and modern natives alike.

In the course of my pursuit of the story of a Wyoming pygmy mummy, I had uncovered claims from every corner of the American continents, which detailed the existence of a multitude of baffling, human remnants.
I was no longer looking at a lone newspaper article describing the discovery of a one-of-a-kind, human 'freak'.
Instead, displayed upon the screen before me, were dozens of articles from credible news sources, detailing the prehistoric existence of at least two separate races of pygmy human in North America, with the possibility of a third pygmy species having lived in ancient South America.

Although this idea might initially appear unbelievable to most people, it is important to remember that the world was stunned in 2004 with the discovery of the race of pygmy/hobbit in Indonesia, which was said to have lived relatively recently. This discovery proved the existence of an entirely unique and unknown human species that existed during the same era as modern man.

During the late 1800's and early 1900's, up to the beginning of World War 2, newspapers were filled with the alleged claims of  the exhumation of skeletons of the most extraordinary strains of prehistoric mankind. It was only after the beginning of the Cold War that these items stopped appearing in print on a regular basis.
As I browsed the archives of the various newspapers, whenever I found a news item which appeared to have an element of the unusual, it would be gathered up and copied to ‘the files’.
Although ‘the files’ focused upon a wide variety of topics, most of the subject matter contained only a small number of articles. However, it took very little time for me to become baffled at the sheer volume of items that were being gathered based entirely upon the topic of 'strange or extraordinary human remnants' that were allegedly unearthed.

Even if only one of these strange tales were found to be valid, it would force historians and scientists alike to ask a lot of questions about the currently accepted historical theories.
Yet, a simple archives search reveals more than one hundred separate examples of these astonishing reports.

Many of these remnants are described as having been examined by various scientists, archaeologists, anatomists, or medical experts of the era, all of whom testified to the legitimacy of these incredible reports.

But, it was not just relics of a pygmy race that had been unearthed in the old newspaper articles.

It became apparent that a number of people were of the belief that some of the burial mounds which were located across the country had been the work of a race of prehistoric, giant humans.
Although in many cases, it was a local farmer or miner who would initially unearth the bizarre discovery, it was frequently an expert in a field of science who would often make the declaration that the unearthed remnants had belonged to a member of a vanished race of giant human.

Giant humans???
Giant nonsense!
Prehistoric giant humans???
Prehistoric giant nonsense!

To make an extraordinary claim, a person must provide extraordinary evidence to support that claim.

To suggest that the Earth had once been the home of a race of prehistoric human giant is an example of an extraordinary claim, and to suggest that this vanished race of human giant had achieved a state of high-civilization (like that of Ancient Egypt), is well beyond an extraordinary claim, and travelling deeply into the world of tin-foil hats and the Twilight Zone.

Most people who encounter the idea of prehistoric human giants automatically disregard the possibility entirely upon the basis that they have never seen one themselves, therefore, it cannot be a real phenomenon or factual event.
This form of logic erases the Giza Pyramids from existence for most of the world’s population, as well as all dinosaur species, and at least three planets in our solar system.

None of these things exist because you haven’t actually seen them for yourself.

Of course there are critics of the ‘giant human’ theory who claim that the idea of a giant human makes no sense because there has never been a precedent for such a creature.
The argument that ‘there exists no precedent to establish the possibility of a prehistoric human giant’ is flawed and illogical.
There are dozens of examples which can be cited to demonstrate that the prehistoric versions of modern-day animals were immense by today’s standards.
The mammoth is a giant-sized version of the modern elephant.
The sabre-tooth tiger is a giant version of the modern cat predators.
The historical records have demonstrated the existence of prehistoric beavers the size of a modern black bear, a goose the size of a small airplane, and ancient kangaroos which stood at ten feet (three meters) in height.

All of these animals are known to have existed, then to have perished in the latest (most recent) of the mass extinction events, the Ice Age.
Yet, their modern-day descendants and present-day versions still survive, in a physical form which is greatly diminished in stature.

With the overwhelming volume of precedents which demonstrate the existence of prehistoric giant versions of modern species, it is actually illogical to believe that a giant version of mankind did not exist.
It is more reasonable to believe that our prehistoric ancestors had a giant-sized version, than it is to believe that humankind is the one and only species, plant or animal, which did not have a giant version of itself, 20,000 years ago.
It seems very logical to assume that human beings would fall prey to the same forces which caused the mammoth to dwindle into the elephant, or the ten foot tall sloth to shrink into the diminutive creature that it is today. There are several reports that support the idea these prehistoric giant animal species were in existence as recently as 8,000 years ago, but were eventually replaced by the smaller, modern species.
If the same rules apply to the human being as they apply to all other species, it makes perfect sense to believe that a larger version of mankind might have existed in the distant past.

Of course most people are well aware that giants are a race of fiction and myth. Giant humans are merely creatures of legend.
Every legend, however, must begin somewhere.

The idea of a race of giants is certainly not a new one.

There are very few cultures, ancient or modern, which do not possess a tradition of giants, and in many cases, the tradition extends to the belief that an actual war had been waged between the prehistoric giants and our human ancestors.

A war between a giant race and ancient humans is definitely stepping far beyond the lone tale of the battle between David and Goliath, which is specifically written as completely unique event which had allegedly taken place between two singular individuals. 
The idea of a man versus a giant as a 'moral tale' is supposed to be inspiring; however, the idea of humanity versus a carnivorous race of man-eating giants in real-world combat... well, that seems scary as hell.

With the quantity of references to human giants in Greek legends, Roman myths, Irish folktales, and Native traditions, it is clear that mankind has kept the idea of this ancient race alive and well. Even Og, the King of Bashan was referred to in the Bible as belonging to a race of giants that was larger even than the mighty Goliath, and that he, Og, was the last of his race.

With the arrival of Darwin’s Theory, the human race is told that they have emerged from a species of prehistoric monkey, which itself had emerged from furry, mammal-like creature the size of a chicken.

By default, Darwin’s idea automatically eliminates any possibility that a human version of the prehistoric giant could have existed. Darwin’s theory allows for a primeval, rat-sized monkey to become the advanced human being over an extended period of time, but it absolutely does not allow for the existence of a human giant.

Darwinists are fully aware of the full spectrum of prehistoric creatures which prove absolutely that giant versions of modern animals existed in the past, but, they refuse to believe that these phenomena could have occurred with a prehistoric human species.

Most of us have seen images of a diagram commonly called Darwin’s Family Tree, which depicts the various stages of human evolution as he progresses from a fish with feet, to a furry chicken-rat hybrid, into a monkey, to a caveman, until the last stage depicts the modern day human.

Nowhere on the diagram of Darwin’s Tree is there a depiction of a human being who exceeds the height of today’s man, therefore, it should be almost impossible to unearth a human skeleton from the prehistoric era that exceeds the height of six feet (2 meters).

According to Darwin’s Theory, human remains from early history should be somewhat smaller than the average person of today. Ancient human bones should almost never be larger than those of people today.

With the exception of the occasional human oddity among the races of prehistory, no human skeleton should ever approach a height of six and a half feet.

This is not a book of pure science, nor is it a book of pure fantasy.

This book is simply a collection of short accounts, describing a series of tales of a remarkable nature.

Perhaps this collection of tales is a simple curiosity, or perhaps this collection can be considered the extraordinary evidence that is required to support an extraordinary claim.

I ask the reader to suspend their disbelief for a few pages, and indulge me in the honor of relating to you, the following stories of a truly extraordinary nature.

CHRONOLOGY of Articles
In as many cases as possible, a word-for-word transcript of
the associated newspaper or magazine article has been included.
As a result, there is a degree of error which might occur in
the spelling of an individual’s name, or of the exact name of the
location, or the community in which the story had originated.

1836 – November 2nd: Vermont Telegraph
A singular discovery has been made in Canada, about 11 miles from Dundas.
The earth was seen to be sunk about 15 inches, which caused search to be made; when a large number of pits, ten or twelve in number, were found containing human bones and various Indian
implements, evidently showing that not far from two thousand Indians had been huddled into these receptacles, and buried without the least order or system, and in great haste.
Large trees were growing over some of these sepulchers; the kettles, pots, hatchets, brass spoons, earthen cups, wampum, etc. were rotted and decayed, evidently showing that they had been a long time buried.
One hundred and twenty-five skeletons were found in one of the pits, and the developer says that some of the skeletons must have belonged to men at least eight feet in height.
There is probably some Indian tradition which would throw light and interest on this curious hill of human bones.

1841 – January 2nd: The Polynesian (Oahu, Hawaii)
On the Eastern shore of Pascagoula Bay in Jackson County, Mississippi, near its mouth, are the ruins of an ancient fortification, built, apparently, many centuries ago. It appears to have been constructed mainly with sea-shells.
Within this ruin, several feet below the surface, have been found charred coals and fragments of a peculiar kind of earthen ware, together with human bodies. Among them were discovered parts of a human skeleton of gigantic proportions.
The upper part of the skull was said to be sufficiently large as to fit loosely over the largest modern heads.
All historical traces of the origin of this fortress have long disappeared. There is, however, a tradition still extant amongst the old French settlers on the Bay, said to have been derived from the Indians who inhabited the coast on its first settlement by the French, that this fortification was built by a tribe of Indians long since extinct.

1845 – October 9th: Indiana State Sentinel
It is reported that a person, while digging a well in Franklin County, Tennessee, a few weeks since, found a human skeleton at a depth of fifty feet, which measures eighteen feet in length. The frame was entire, and is now being wired together.The principal medical men of Nashville are said to have seen it, and have pronounced it a veritable human frame of enormous size.
It has also been said that the finder has been offered $8,000 for it, but refused any price until exhibited for twelve months.
We suspect such bones, if found, belonged to a less credulous animal than man. The account looks much like those given of human bones said to have been found at various times during the last century, from 18 to 36 feet in height.
Still, it reminds us of a human bone found by us some years since, while exploring some graves of the Pequid chiefs, which must have belonged to a man eight feet high.

1846 - February 4th: The Tioga Eagle
A report on an alleged find in Williamson County, Tennessee, which describes how a local land owner, who had been digging a water well, made a surprising discovery.
At a depth of sixty feet, the excavations had unearthed the skeletal remains of a giant human being, the bones of whom had been at least partially petrified.
The article states that the bones were found embedded within clay, and had been interred in a seated / reclined position.
The bones, it is said, weighed nearly 1500 pounds when removed from the clay.
According to the report, the whole skeleton was measured and found to be over eighteen feet in height.
The skull was regarded as being the size of a flour barrel, and possessed eye sockets that were large enough to fit a coffee cup within.

1850 – May 22nd: Lewisburg Chronicle

A huge Indian skeleton was lately dug up at Harsimus, New Jersey, among the shell strata. It measured eight feet in length.
The skull measured two feet in circumference, and 15 inches over the top.

1852 – May 27th: The Mountain Sentinel

The two diminutive specimens of the human race, says The Philadelphia Argus, that are now on exhibition at the Musical Fund Hall are, without doubt, the most wonderful human beings, when their size and history are taken into view, that were ever presented to the attention of the public.
They are chiefly remarkable for their extremely small size, their general intelligence, and the fact of their being pure specimens of that race, once powerful, but now degenerate, which centuries ago ruled in the country of the Montezumas.
It is stated that these children belong to an order dedicated to sacerdotal service, and that they were procured from a secluded and hitherto unknown Aztec city in Central America at great expense, and even peril of life, to their adventurous protector, and many circumstances related by antiquarians and travelers in Central America, tend to corroborate the story.
Almost all the inhabitants of that country agree in declaring the existence of a large city situated among the most inaccessible mountains, isolated from communication with the outside world, and which not more than one or two white men have ever succeeded in reaching.
Stephens, in his valuable work on the Yucatan, we believe, alludes to the subject, and seems to place reliance in the statement.
The present specimens are male and female, the former weighing 28 pounds and measuring 33.5 inches in height, and the latter weighing 17 pounds, and being 29 inches in height. They are perfect in symmetry, lively and amiable in disposition, and partaking none of the offensive peculiarities that are the usual attendants on the dwarf race.
As a relic of a past and gone age, they are certainly worth the attention of all, and we are glad to see that they are attracting in our city the same degree of observation that has followed their exhibition in every city where they have appeared.
1852 - November 22nd: The New York Times
The skeleton remains of an Indian were dug up at Wheeling, Vermont a few days ago.
From the enormous size of his skull, his thigh bones, and other parts of the human frame, it is thought that he could not have been less than seven and a half feet high.
Most of the remains crumbled to pieces upon being exposed to the air.

1854 – November 3rd: The Daily Dispatch

A few days since, as the workmen were engaged in excavating about the mill of Messrs. Pass and Davids in Portsmouth, they dug up a human skeleton of a very large size.
The Globe says the bones are perfect, and the brain still remains intact.

1856 – May 21st: Grand River Times

The Burlington State Gazette(Iowa), says that while some workmen were engaged in excavating for the cellar of Gov. Grimes’ new building on the corner of Main and Valley Streets, they came upon an arched vault some ten feet square, which on being opened, was found to contain eight human skeletons of gigantic proportions.
The walls of the vault were about 14 inches thick and well laid up with cement or indestructible mortar. The vault is about six feet deep from the base to the arch.
The skeletons are in a good state of preservation, and we venture to say that they are the largest human remains ever found, being over eight feet long.
1856 - November 21st: The New York Times
(From the Wheeling Times)
A day or two since, some workmen engaged in sub-soiling the grounds of Sheriff Wickham, at his vineyard in East Wheeling, came across a human skeleton.
Although much decayed, there was little difficulty in identifying it by placing the bones, which could not have belonged to other than a human body, in their original position.
The impression made by the skeleton in the earth, and the skeleton itself, were measured by the Sheriff and a brother in the craft locale, both of whom were prepared to swear that it was ten feet and nine inches in length.
It’s jaws and teeth were almost as large as those of a horse.
The bones are to be seen at the Sheriff’s office.

1857 – February 20th: The Athens Post

Not long since, while the workmen were digging a well near North Bend, Ohio, the skeleton of a man, or rather of a giant, was found, twenty-nine feet below the surface of the earth, who, when living, towered to the enormous height of twenty-three feet and ten inches.
The skeleton was critically acclaimed by Professor Lind, who arrives at the startling fact that this monster man was capable of wielding the forearm with sufficient force to have thrown a cannonball weighing 18 pounds from Cincinnati to Indianapolis…. or a distance of 88 miles.

1857 – April 29th: The Spirit of Democracy

One day last week, while laborers were engaged in grading a lot in South Wheeling, from which a small mound was removed several years since, they found a few feet under the surface, four very large skeletons, laid with their heads together, and their feet pointed towards the four points of the compass.
In the center was found a shovelful of stone beads, cylindrical and resembling pieces broken off from a stem pipe.
We do not remember to have ever read of the discovery of mound buried skeletons disposed in the above described position. Were they buried by the builders of the other mounds, which
puzzled our antiquarians?

1859 – March 4th: Wheeling Daily Intelligencer

A correspondent of the Cincinnati Enquirer at Jackson, Ohio, gives an account of a subterranean vault discovered there, in which the air was so impure that it was impossible for anyone to go into it.
By means of a rake, human bones of gigantic size have been raised, and a small chain of silver, with coins attached to each end.
The coins, though much defaced by time, have the appearance of those in use among the Romans in the days of Cicero Africanus, though there were evident traces of hieroglyphic devices that cannot be deciphered.

1859 – May 3rd: Daily Alta California

The skeleton of a giant, eight feet high was exhumed a short time ago on a farm near Monongahela City, Pa.
A number of human bones were found in the same spot, showing that it was a burial place.
There were also many ornaments of exquisite workmanship, much superior to those usually found among the North American Indians.
No satisfactory explanation has been given of these curiosities.

1860 – June 23rd: The Emporia News

The theory that humanity of the antediluvian period existed in forms which would now be considered colossal has found many adherents among scientific men.
A fossil skeleton of enormous size recently discovered near Abbeville, in France, was regarded as proof of this theory.
Dr. Fullratt, of Berlin, has more recently found other remains of some antediluvian giant in the village of Guiten, just at the junction of the Rhine and Dussal.
The discovery has created quite a flutter among the wise men of Germany, and a commission has been formed for digging in diver’s places of the same geological formation as that where the giant skeleton was found.

1860 – July 25th: Raftsman’s Journal

Found – Some gigantic human remains, in Minnesota.
One thigh bone measured three feet.
1864 - April 2nd: Otago Witness
(From the Australian/New Zealand National Archives)
The article describes a series of ongoing excavations being conducted in the State of California, specifically in a region where it is alleged that a number of giant relics and skeletal remains had previously been unearthed.
Much of this article has been omitted due to it’s length, but the main points of the item are as follows:
..Great attention has been drawn to the subject of man’s fossil remains, assumed to have been discovered in different geological strata, much older than traditional or recorded history.”
“Lyell of England, Agassiz of America, and De Perthes of France are the most prominent names in the new study of human fossils; and a great work was published by Lyell in 1862 to prove that the race of man existed in the ages past… but of bizarre and extraordinary proportions --- that is to say, the genus of man has existed in every epoch of the earth’s changes which sustained vertebrate animals.
The balance of testimony, together with the Mosaic history, seems to favor the opinion that the race of man DID exist, long before written history took the place of tradition and fable.
Nowhere can this be more absolutely shown than in our own California, where every square league is pregnant with the remains of extinct animals of sea and land.
The article describes the very heated debate amongst the scholars of the East Coast, as they argue over the ancient remains, but then continues with the following accounts:
Clavijero, in his ‘History of Lower California’ (1789), relates that the Jesuit missionary, Rotea, in 1765, had discovered the gigantic skeleton of a man, whom he ordered to be exhumed.
By examining the remnants, Rotea determined them to have belonged to a man who stood at 11-feet tall.
The same missionary also described the discovery of a great cave, and the subsequent exploration. It is alleged that the cave had been painted with depictions of numerous figures in bright colors, all of them wearing garments and ornaments that were entirely different than any known to the natives of the region. It was determined that the painted figures belonged to a more ancient race and culture, which was entirely different from the local communities, or the Spanish who occupied the region at the time.
It was concluded, however, that the race depicted were a gigantic people, who had come from the North.
In Begert’s ‘History of the California Peninsula’, it is claimed that Rotea’s discoveries were transferred to a College of the Jesuit Order, either in Italy or Bavaria, prior to the expulsion of the Jesuit’s in 1767.
In his book, Clavijero also remarks that the first inhabitants of New Spain, also called California, were men of gigantic proportions. He names the locations of some of the giant remnants as Toluca and Quanbisimalpan.
It is also claimed that the explorers Hernando and D’Acosta had encountered human skeletons of astonishing size in Mexico.
It is hinted that many men of science knew that there had existed a race of giants in the past, but that none had ever speculated that they formed a nation.
The historians of the Canary Islands have also related accounts that those islands had also been inhabited by a race of gigantic men; and one of them is said to have been discovered in 1855, measuring 15-feet in height.
The article goes on to describe an 1857 discovery of a giant,human collar bone in a mine that was located 1000-feet deep.
A giant human skull and thigh bone were also alleged to have been recovered in the year 1855 in Tuolumne County, which indicated a man who stood at 11-feet tall or more.
It is also stated that, in 1863, in southern Oregon, a pair of human jawbones had been unearthed that indicated a human skull that would have been at least 9-inches wide.
It was also reported that, after an earthquake had struck in 1812, the church at San Juan Capistrano had collapsed, burying several people in the rubble. Rescue workers began to dig away at the debris, and unearthed the remains of a giant human who had been buried there, and the church built on top of his remains.
When the Indians of the Mission heard of the discovery, they begged the soldiers who were conducting the dig to stop, as the bones belonged to one of their ancient deities.
In order to prevent an uprising, the Padres ordered that the bones be taken from sight, and forbade them to be removed from the location they had been hidden.

1866 – January 17th: The Star of the North

An Indian skeleton of extraordinary size was found in making an excavation in Hartford a few days ago.

1866 – March 20th: The Tri-Weekly Standard

A St. Joseph’s correspondent of the St. Louis Republican gives an account of a wonderful cave recently discovered in the bluffs, a mile above St. Joseph, and adds the following remarkable, if not incredible statement:
On one side was raised a platform of pure white marble extending the entire length of the room; and on this platform they discovered a human skeleton of gigantic size and in excellent preservation.
Its length, from head to toe, was 38 feet 6 inches.
They could not measure the circumference of the head, but it was immense, perhaps 6 feet.
Two of the teeth were dislocated, and these they brought to town. They are now upon the counter of the office of the Pacific Hotel for general inspection, and Mr. Blakemore, the gentlemanly clerk, takes pleasure in exhibiting them to the numerous persons who call for their inspection. One of them is 10 inches in circumference, and the other about 6 inches. It is almost impossible to imagine an animal large enough to use such masticators.
It has been determined to have a thorough exploration of this subterranean mystery tomorrow.

1867 – May 13th: The Daily Empire

A few days ago, the skeleton of an Indian giant was unearthed by some workmen on Mr. W.D. Boyd’s plantation, near Coahoma, Mississippi.
Every bone of the body was perfect and in its place.
1867 - May 25th: Paterson Daily Press
Fragments of a huge human skeleton were dug up Friday in Richmond, Virginia.
From calculations, the skeleton entire must have exceeded seven feet tall, and belonged, perhaps, to some famous brave.

1867 – November 7th: The Plymouth Weekly Democrat

The skeleton of an Indian giant was recently discovered near Anderson
1869 - February 13th: Eugene Register-Guard
(From Sank Rapids, Michigan)
The Sank Rapids Sentinel, of December 18th (1868), tells of the exhuming of the skeleton of a human being by some laborers employed on a dam across the Mississippi River at that place, on December 16th, which excels in stature and dimensions any skeleton ever before discovered.
It was found embedded in solid granite, seven feet below the surface of the earth.
The paper says:
The grave was twelve feet in length, four feet wide, and about three feet in depth, and is today, at least two feet below the present level of the river.
The remains are completely petrified, and are of gigantic dimensions.
The head is massive, and measures thirty one and a half inches in circumference, but low in the front, and very flat on top.
The femur measures twenty-six and a quarter inches, and the fibula twenty-five and a half (inches), while the body is equally long in proportion. From the crown of the head to the sole of the foot, the length is ten feet, nine inches. The measure around the chest is fifty-nine and a half inches.
The giant must have weighed 900 pounds when covered with a reasonable amount of flesh.
The petrified remains, and there is nothing left but the naked bones, now weighs 304 pounds.
The thumb and the fingers of the left hand, and the left foot from the ankle to the toes are gone, but all of the other parts are perfect.
Over the sepulcher of the unknown dead was placed a large, flat limestone rock that remained perfectly separated from the surrounding granite rock.

1869 – October 28th: The Cambria Freeman

The petrified giant at Syracuse is still the cause of considerable speculation.
The Onondaga Indians claim that it is the remains of Abel, who was killed by Cain, while Dr. Boynton maintains that it is an old statue.
1869 – November 11th: The Deseret News
We have seen it stated that the skeletons of five gigantic human beings were found, in grading a railroad, about twenty miles from the spot in which this was found.
One of them measured eleven feet in length.
A human body removed from a cemetery some years ago in that vicinity some years ago was said to have turned to stone.
Several instances of this kind are adduced in some papers to sustain the hypothesis that these remains are those of a human being has been petrified.
There seems to be great diversity of opinion among the scientific men in relation to it.
The State Geologist says there is no authentic instance of petrified flesh, nor can there be in the nature of things, but he acknowledges that this new wonder is the most stupendous marvel ever found on this, or any other continent.

1870 - January 6th: The Baltimore American and Commercial
(From the Oil City Times)
On Tuesday morning last, while Mr. William Thompson, assisted by Robert H. Smith, was engaged in making an excavation near the house of the former, about half a mile north of West Hickory, Pennsylvania, preparatory to erecting a derrick, they exhumed an enormous helmet of iron, which was corroded with rust.
Further digging brought to light a sword which measured nine feet in length.
Curiosity incited them to enlarge the hole, and after some little time, they discovered the bones of two enormous feet.
Following up the lead they had so unexpectedly struck, within a few hours’ time they had unearthed a well-preserved skeleton of an enormous giant, belonging to a species of the human family which probably inhabited this, and other parts of the world, at that time of which the Bible speaks when it says, ‘And there were giants in those days’.
The helmet is said to be of the shape of those found among the ruins of Nineveh.
The bones of the skeleton are remarkably white.
The teeth are all in their places, and all of them are double, and of extraordinary size.
These relics have been taken to Tionesta, where they are visited by large numbers of people daily.
When ‘his giant-ship’ was in the flesh, he must have stood eighteen feet in his stockings.
These remarkable relics will be forwarded to New York early next week.
The joints of the skeleton are now being glued together.
These remains were found about twelve feet below the surface of a mound, which had been thrown up, probably centuries ago. And which was not more than three feet above the level of the ground around it.
Here is another nut for antiquarians to crack.

1870 – May 20th: Steuben Farmer’s Almanac

A powerful skeleton has been unearthed in the vicinity of Moresville, Morgan County.
A correspondent of the Indianapolis Journal writes from that place:
Supervisor Bray, in opening a new road three miles southeast of this place, on the land of Mrs.Martha Leathers, unearthed a skeleton the like of which was never seen before.
It has to a considerable extant, the appearance of a human being.
It was found in an almost perfect state of preservation.
I made an examination of the object discovered a few days since.
Standing up, it measures 5 feet 10 inches. The head is narrower and more depressed than the human skull.
There are two protuberances, or horns, coming out on each side, or rather at the top and front, resembling at the base those of a buck sheep, but instead of a curl makes a gradual curve backwards.
The capacity of the brain is not more than half as large as is common for man.
The arms apparently resemble those of a man, but the greatest curiosity yet is the prolongation of the spinal column, forming a tail about 1 foot long, the end of which shows signs of decay. Probably in the living animal, it might have extended to the ground.
There is a bony excrescence on the front part of each knee, as though it had been formed from walking on the ground in necessity.
Since the discovery, people are constantly going to see the curiosity.
The sons of Mrs. Leathers refuse to let it be taken away, but take great pleasure in showing it.

1870 – August 25th: Public Ledger

Janesville, Wisconsin – Several days ago, as some laborers were digging a foundation for a barn on the grounds of Mr. Stanley, in the town of Janesville, they unearthed a human skeleton of enormous size. It was found in a sitting posture, and is in a fair state of preservation.
The skull measured 32 and a half inches in circumference, and the thigh bone 44 inches in length.
Dr. Townsend examined the remains shortly after they were exhumed and gave it as his opinion that, when living, the man must not have been less than 13 feet in height.
It was immediately sold for $10,000.

1870 – August 28th: Memphis Daily Appeal

The statements which we make below, and the facts detailed are so strange and almost incredible, and so like the many roorbacks and canards that have from time to time appeared in the press of Europe and America, that we premise them with the declaration that they are strictly true, and that we have not exaggerated what we have seen, one iota.
With this much as a preface, we will proceed to our story:
Two miles west of Barfield Point, in Arkansas County, Arkansas, on the east bank of the lovely stream called Pemiscott Bayou, a tributary of the St. Francis River, stands an Indian mound, some twenty-five feet high, and about an acre in area at the top.
This mound is called Chickasawba.
The mound derives its name from Chickasawba, a chief of the Shawnee tribe, who lived, died, and was buried there.

The lengthy article continues, detailing what was known of the
area’s brief history since the settlement by the pioneers, up to the
end of the U.S. Civil War, in the 1860s.

A number of years ago, in making an excavation into or near the foot of Chickasawba’s Mound, a portion of a gigantic human skeleton was found.
The men who were digging, becoming interested, unearthed the entire skeleton, and from measurements given us by reliable parties, the frame of the man could not have been less than 8 or 9
feet in height.
Under the skull, which easily slipped over the head of any man, was found a peculiarly shaped earthen jar, resembling nothing in the way of Indian pottery, which had before been seen by them.
It was exactly the shape of the round-bodied, long-necked carafes
or water decanters, a specimen of which may be seen on Gaston’s
dining table. The material of which this vase was made was a peculiar kind of clay, and the workmanship was very fine.
The belly, or body of it, was ornamented with figures or hieroglyphics consisting of a correct depiction of human hands, parallel to each other, open palms outward.
Since that time, wherever an excavation has been made in the Chickasawba country in the neighborhood of the mound, similar skeletons have been found, and under the skull of almost every one were found similar funeral vases, almost exactly like the one described.
There are now in this city, several of the vases and portions of the huge skeletons.
One of the editors of the Appeal, yesterday measured a thigh bone, which is fully 3 feet long. The thigh and shin bones, together with the foot, stood up in proper position in a physician’s office in the city, measure 5 feet in height, and show the body to which the leg belonged to have been 9 to 10 feet in height.
At Beaufort’s Landing, near Barfield, in digging a deep ditch, a skeleton was dug up, the leg of which measured between 5 and 6 feet in length, and the other bones in proportion.
In a very few days we hope to be able to lay before our readers accurate measurement, and descriptions of the portions of the skeletons now in the city, and of the articles found in the graves.
It is not a matter of doubt that these are human remains, but of a long extinct race; a race which flourished, lived and died, many centuries ago, in those days told of in Scriptures.
The article concludes with a general list of the various giants from the previous few centuries, and their alleged heights.
1870 - November 24th: The New York Times
(From the Boston Advertiser - Chester, Illinois)
One morning last week, a young fellow rode into town on horseback, having just crossed the river from Missouri.
He had carefully wrapped in his handkerchief a curious relic, dug up the day previous in Perry County, Missouri.
He stopped on the hill to rest his horse, and the inquisitive crowd that gathered around soon drew his story from him, while the relics passed from hand to hand.
It seems that, after the rebellion, the farmers in Missouri once more worked with security, and on an enlarged scale. The heavy teams that passed over the road in Perry County, had unearthed some human bones, and an odd-looking bottle of clay.
James M. Christian of Chester, Illinois, familiarly called Uncle Jimmy, has for years devoted all spare hours to the study of archaeology. His researches have enabled him to present many rare specimens of aboriginal and other curiosities to the societies of the state, and to collectors of the East.
The first relic of value was that found by the young man mentioned above.
It is apparently an idol -- decanter-shaped; an idol representing the figure of a man in sitting posture, his hands crossed upon his breast. It is made of a dark, colored clay which is very hard, and shows no signs of decay. There is a hole in the back of the neck, and the figure is hollow.
It measures about 1-foot high, and 8-inches in diameter.
The article continues in it’s description of the exhumation of several, similar objects and relics, including bottles, kettles, pots, and other implements; all of which are well-executed in clay, and showed no signs of decay.
The last few paragraphs of the article conclude:
We worked on until night with varied success, exposing in all 8 or 10 skeletons.
Some of these bones indicated men of large stature. The vertebrate of one skeleton was at least a third larger than any other man. (8-feet in height)
All the skulls were inferior in shape. The jaws were large and strong.
It is speculated in the article’s conclusion that the horrible distortions of the massive skulls were the result of the pressure exerted upon them by the earth itself, or perhaps by tree roots growing in the area.

1871 - February 14th: The New York Times
Since the result of Governor Arny’s explorations in New Mexico was made public, there has been no discovery of more interest to the American archaeologist than the one alleged to have been made recently in Iowa, on the line of the projected Dubuque and Minnesota Railroad.
The workmen, while engaged in excavating for the road, in the limestone at the foot of the bluff, are said to have come upon a flat stone covered with strange characters.
This being removed, opened the way into a passage about four feet wide and six feet high, leading directly into the heart of the bluff.
At the distance of about fifty feet from the entrance, another stone, similar to the first, had to be removed. A large chamber revealed itself, cut out of the solid rock, about twenty-five feet square and twenty feet high.
The floor was hard and smooth, while the walls and roof were carved in a sort of rude basso-rilievo, with figures of birds, trees, stars, serpents, and chariots.
The south wall was adorned with a representation of the Sun, and immediately below this, the figure of a man in the act of stepping out of a boat, and holding in his hand a dove.
So far, the revelations were not very different from many previous ones in similar caves and rock-chambers throughout our Western country.
But the most curious part of the discovery was yet to come, and one that would go far to support the theory of many savants in regards to the physical deterioration of the human race.
A flat slab in the floor of the cavern having been raised, revealed below, a vault filled with skeletons of unusual size; the largest nearly 8-feet high.
By the side of each skeleton was set a small vase, filled with yellow earth; beneath these were found animal bones and particles of animal matter.
The skeletons were placed in a semi-circle to the southwest.
Who this lost and unknown race of giants may have been, we leave to the antiquarians to conjecture.
Perhaps they were a branch of that mysterious and cultivated people whom the Aztecs are said to have swept away and destroyed in their great migration to the plains of Mexico.
Or, they may have been related to the great stock of the Natchez, which once held sway all along the Mississippi.
The figure of the Sun on the walls of the rock chamber would indicate that they worshipped the luminary, and the representation of the man with a dove, stepping out of a boat, may be an allusion to that tradition of the Deluge, which, in one form or another, all of our aboriginal peoples have been found to hold.
But, to whatever family this forgotten race may have belonged, it is certain that they had attained a higher degree of civilization than was reached by those who came after them.
In the fingers of the largest skeleton was clasped a pearl ornament, and traces of cloth were found crumbled at the feet of the remains.
What is still more important and curious, many copper implements were found, thus seeming to show that the Lake Superior mines had been worked at a very early period.
If the accounts we have received of this remarkable cave are strictly true, investigation may derive from it, important additions to our stock of knowledge regarding the primitive races of this continent, and we are glad to know that the remains are to be removed to the Iowa Institute of Arts and Sciences, at Dubuque.

1871 - May 22nd: The New York Times
A letter from Kern County, California, reports that in digging a grave on the old banks of Kern River, not long since, there was found a human skeleton that was not less than seven and a half feet in length.
The account says there was with it, a package of eleven flint arrow heads and spear heads, and that the skull was much larger than the ordinary size of craniums moving around at the present day.
A full-grown person placed his entire head inside of the skull.
The Louisville Courier-Journal, however, tells a bigger story:
Workmen in the new cistern in Jeffersonville exhumed at a depth of twelve feet from the surface, a part of the skeleton of a giant that was at least twelve feet high.
The skull was badly broken by the workmen, but sufficient of the jaws and face bones were saved to show that it was the remains of a monstrous-sized human being.
A shinbone was also dug up which measured three feet in length.

1871 – June 1st: Belmont Chronicle

The workmen in the new fire cistern being dug up at the intersection of Ohio Avenue and Seventh Street in Jeffersonville exhumed some fossil remains, at a distance of nearly twelve feet from the surface of the ground, of what appeared as part of the skeleton of a giant at least 12 feet high.
The skull was badly broken by the workmen, but sufficient of the jaws and face bones were saved to show that it was the remains of a monstrous sized human being.
A shin bone was dug up which measured 3 feet in length.
Unfortunately, the remains were carried away piece by piece, by persons not appreciating the value of them, until not a piece but the lower jaw remained, which contained four large grinders.

1871 – August 13th: Memphis Daily Appeal

The New Orleans Picayune of Wednesday, last week, says:
At Tanginahoa, last week, laborers making an excavation, dug up several human skeletons of such enormous size that speculations are rife as to which era the remains of such giant forms belong.
The skulls are described as double the size of an ordinary skull, and the bones being in proportion are equally large.

In all probability, the remains are those of some Indians buried many centuries previous to the discovery of the continent.

1871 – August 16th: The States and Union

Workmen at Athens, last week whilst engaged in excavating an old mound, came upon a human skeleton of immense stature, indicating a person of 8 feet high.
1871 - September 8th: The New York Times
Not to be behind Canada, Virginia puts in a claim of the possession of a cave full of dead Indians, the Petersburg Index giving the tale as quoted below, on the authority of gentlemen whom it asserts to be of the highest character and credit, who have seen with their own eyes, and touched and tested with their own hands, the wonderful objects on which they make the report as follows:
The workmen engaged in opening a way for a projected railroad between Weldon and Garysburg, struck Monday, about one mile from the former place, in a bank beside the river, a catacomb of skeletons, supposed to be those of Indians of a remote age, and a lost and forgotten race.
The bodies exhumed were of strange and remarkable formation.
The skulls were nearly an inch in thickness; the teeth were filed sharp, as are those of cannibals, the enamel perfectly preserved.
The bones were of wonderful length and strength; the femur being as long as the leg of an ordinary man, the stature of the body being as great as eight or nine feet tall.
Near their heads were sharp stone arrows, some mortars, in which their corn was brayed, and the bowls of pipes, apparently of soft soap-stone.
The teeth of the skeletons are said to be as large as those of horses.
One of them has been brought to the city, and presented to an officer of the Petersburg Railroad.
The bodies were found closely packed together, laid tier on tier as it seemed.
There was no discernible ingress into, or egress out of the mound.
1871 - September 10th: The New York Times

The following communication, it will be seen, purports to come from a physician, appeared in the Hamilton, Ontario Spectator, of the 6th last:
Hearing of the curiosities found in a grave or pit near Cayuga, and being somewhat of a curiosity-seeker, I paid it a visit, and deem myself well repaid for any trouble by what I saw.
I append a short description of my visit.
The drive from Hamilton is not a very long one, through a pleasant section of the country, to the farm of Daniel Freedenburgh, on which place the grave was found.
The size of some of the bones is truly wonderful, indicating a race of giants in the past.
The grave, when first opened, is supposed to have contained about two hundred skeletons, many of their bones quite perfect.
I found several bones which I am confident would have given, had the skeleton been perfect, a measurement over seven feet.
The grave has been crossed by the roots of a large tree, which stands in close proximity to it, going to prove somewhat of it’s’ antiquity.
Found in the grave were shells of large size, pipes, axes, and beads of different patterns, all of which can still be seen on the premises.
There are indications of many more such graves on the farm as the one already found, and there is no doubt that more will ere long be opened.
The one thing lacking is the data, which may yet be supplied, as I believe Mr. Freedenburgh intends pushing the matter in the hope of discovering something, which may in part, if not wholly, solve the mystery.
Respectfully, J.N. Johnstone. M.D.

1871 – November 29th: West Coast Times

(Correspondence of Toronto Telegraph)
On Wednesday last, Rev. Nathaniel Wardel, Messrs. Orin Wardell, of Toronto, and Daniel Fredenburg, were digging on the farm of the latter gentleman, which is on the banks of the Grand River, in the township of Cayuga.
When they got to five or six feet below the surface, a strange sight met them.
Piled in layers, one atop the other, some two hundred skeletons of human beings nearly perfect – around the neck of each one being a string of beads.
There were also deposited in this pit, a number of axes and skimmers made of stone.
In the jaws of several of the skeletons were large stone pipes, one of which Mr. Wardell took with him to Toronto a day or two after this Golgotha was unearthed.
These skeletons are those of men of gigantic stature, some of them measuring nine feet, very few of them being less than seven feet.
Some of the thigh bones were found to be a half a foot longer than those at present known, and one of the skulls being examined completely covered the head of an ordinary person.
These skeletons are said to belong to those of a race anterior to the Indians.
The pit and it’s ghostly occupants are now open to the view of any who may wish to make a visit there.
There is not the slightest doubt that the remains of a lost city are on this farm.
At various times within the past years, the remains of mud houses and their chimneys had been found; and there are dozens of pits of a similar kind to that just unearthed, but much smaller, in a region that would remain secret to the general public.
The farm, which consists of 150 acres, has been cultivated for nearly a century, and was covered with a thick growth of pine, so that it must have been ages since the remains were deposited there.
The skulls of the skeletons are of an enormous size and of all manner of shapes, about half as large again as are now to be seen.
The teeth of most of them are still in almost perfect state of
preservation, though they soon fall out when exposed to the air.
It is supposed that there is gold or silver in large quantities to be found in the premises, as mineral rods have invariably, when tested, pointed to a certain spot a few yards from where the last batch of skeletons was found, directly under the apple tree.
The skulls and the bones of the giants are fast disappearing, being taken away by curiosity hunters.
It is the intention of Mr. Fredenburg to cover the pit up very soon.
The pit is ghastly in the extreme.
From the appearance of the skulls, it would seem their possessor died a violent death, as many of them were broken and dinted.
Some people profess to believe that the locality, Fredenburg Farm, was formerly an Indian burial place, but the enormous stature of the skeletons, and the fact that pine trees of several centuries’ growth covered the spot, go far to disprove this idea.

1871 - December 1st: North Otago Times

(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
Recent accounts of the discovery of gigantic human remains embedded in the earth would appear to necessitate a change in the theory by which modern science attempts to account for the origin of man.
Writers like the author of ‘Vestiges of Creation’, have evidently begun at the wrong end of the chain whose various links are supposed to furnish such a plausible argument in support of their theory.
Instead of the human race having been gradually developed from the oyster, it would appear that the primeval man was a colossus, and that he is slowly but surely dwindling down to the oyster.
This theory is certainly flattering to a man while he contemplates his ancestry, but less consoling when looking forward to his progeny.
A human skeleton just unearthed on the Kern River, in California, measured seven feet and six inches in length, while another found below the surface in Jeffersonville, Indiana measured at 12 feet tall.
With regard to the California giant, we are told that the skull was much larger than the ordinary-sized craniums moving around at the present day, and that a fully grown person had placed his head inside of the skull.
We commend this example to all people with ordinary sized
craniums of the present day; Let them hide their diminished heads in the skulls of their ancestors whenever they get a chance.

1872 - March 30th: Hartford Weekly Times

Near this city is a cave commonly known as ‘Bone Cave’, from which have been brought, at various times, by boys and other persons who have tried to explore it’s hidden recesses, human bones of unusual size.
The popular legends of the people are to the effect that is somewhat connected with the people or race which created the ‘Old Stone Fort’, which stands a short distance to the west of the town.
A few days since, some boys discovered an almost entire human skeleton of mammoth size.
The bones of the forearm were nearly 20 inches long, while the bone of the lower part of the leg was longer than an ordinary man’s limbs, foot and all.
The jawbone of the giant would slip over the face of an ordinary man.
Stimulated by these discoveries, and a laudable desire to learn the secrets of this mysterious cavern, on last Thursday, six gentlemen, including the editors of this paper, made the necessary preparations and started out to explore the ‘bone cave’.
After an exhilarating walk of two miles through a clear, bracing air, we reached the entrance of the cave, where, divesting ourselves of out overcoats, and lighting our torches, we entered one of the many passages, but after a short scramble we found further advance stopped by large pieces of rock that had fallen and blocked up the passage.
Again we started, and this time, we were correct.
Going back about two hundred and fifty feet, we found the passage growing narrower, until we had to go ‘snake fashion’.
At this point, we found a sharp descent, leading we knew not where, but rocks detached and sent whirling down, reverberated and rebounded until the sound was lost in the distance.
After some pounding away of rocks, a passage was made large enough for one man to squirm through. A tough, long grapevine was then procured and turned down, and while the upper end was held by two stalwart men, the senior editor grasped it and swung off, determined to find the bottom of that cave, or China, or some other place.
At a distance of about twenty-five feet, we struck bottom, but found that it was only a shelving platform that sloped and led -- no one knew where. Soon, other members of the party came down, and explorations commenced.
We found ourselves in a vaulted chamber about twenty-five feet wide by sixty feet long, with passages leading in every direction.
Following one, we rambled on for forty or fifty feet, and then appeared one of the most beautiful lakes that we have ever seen. The water was clear and sweet, and the ceiling over the water, studded with stalactites, reflected back the light of our torches like gems.
We have no means of ascertaining the size of the lake, for the banks were perpendicular, and it seemed like a pearl set in a bed of rocks.
Another passage which was explored by B.F. Fleming was found to extend in a direct line to ‘Old Stone Fort’. This passage looks as if it had been cut from the solid rock by the hands of man, and gives rise to the hypothesis that, at some time, far back in the dark ages, this cave was used by a race of men --giants if you like -- that built this stone fort, and the mounds, and that this underground passage led from the fort to the cave. We returned to daylight, having been underground for three hours and traversing over a mile inside the cave.
After partaking of a lunch sent us by a very hospitable lady who lives near, and whose name we have mislaid -- but not her kindness -- we had a short search in the tunnel known as the ‘Dead House‘.
Here, we found many bones, but all in a state of decomposition and decay.
This tunnel or chamber is coated with a soft, loose soil to a depth of a foot or more, into which one can plunge a stick with perfect ease, while all the rest of the cave is solid rock.
This soil is supposed to be decayed animal matter -- flesh and bones.

1872 – May 10th: The Holt County Sentinel

The other afternoon, some gentlemen while prospecting for coal about a mile from Rockport, Kentucky, came upon the complete skeleton of a human body, gigantic in size.
It was found about six feet below the surface of the earth.
The forearm bone from elbow to wrist measured forty-two inches, and the thigh bone from hip to knee measured forty-two inches.
The lower jawbone completely covered the whole lower portion of an ordinary sized human face.

1873 – March 16th: Nashville Union & American
Fifty Skeletons Found On The Bank Of The Tennessee River.

We learn that a gentleman named Frank Beasley, of Henry County,
has witnessed a wonderful sight at Danville, Benton County.
A few days ago there was a landslide into the Tennessee River, at the above place, and in the cavity made were found fifty human
skeletons, every one being in a fine state of preservation, and all over seven feet long.
Should this alleged discovery be true, the remains thus found will be of great value in assisting the scientific to establish the character of those races that ages back occupied this country.
1873 - August 8th: The New York Times

(From the Toledo Blade)
Describing some Indian remains recently found in that neighborhood: At a point a little below Manhattan, on the banks of the Maumee, the water has gradually washed away the road bed to such an extent as to make it necessary to remove the fence and make a new road.
While engaged in this work yesterday, the workers unearthed a human skeleton, evidently the remains of a famous chief of the Maumee or Ottawa tribe of Indians.
The skull was of unusually large size, and in the lower jaw was a row of double teeth, in a better state of preservation than many now doing daily duty.
A lock of the great chief’s hair was also found; long, black and thick.
When laid in this lonely grave, the chief was enshrouded in the skins of wild animals, which are now nearly gnawed away by the tooth of time.
Upon his breast were a number of once glittering spangles; the legs were also liberally bespangled, and around his neck had been suspended a mammoth brooch.
The warrior’s wrists had been encircled with a pair of silver wristlets, as bright and fresh when found, apparently, as when the red man first left for the ‘happy hunting grounds’.
The accoutrements of war were also there; a tomahawk and knife of stone, and arrowheads of flint.
These ornaments and spangles would probably fill a pint measure, and altogether go to show that the dead warrior had been a famous man of his age and race.
Stimulated by the hope of finding more relics, Mr. H. Hertzler renewed his search, and soon unearthed a stone hatchet, more arrowheads, and a copper bucket in a good state of preservation, except for the iron handle, which had nearly been corroded away.
This neighborhood was once, evidently, a favorite place of assembly and sepulture, as many Indian relics have, at various times, been found; and just across the river is an old burying ground, which no doubt, holds many interesting mementoes of that primitive race.

1874 - March 7th: The Colonist

(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
Some interesting discoveries have just been made in a cave called ‘King Solomon’s Cave’, Montana, and an account of them is given by a correspondent of the Deer Lodge Independent, who formed one of a party of explorers of the cave in question.
After crawling through several narrow passages into a ‘most magnificent chamber’, the attention of the explorers was attracted by a massive shield made of copper, 57 inches in length, and 36 inches in width, leaning against the wall.
About 10 feet beyond the shield, and eight feet from the floor, was a cavity in the wall.
One of the party, by aid of the stones, climbed up to the aperture with a light, but quickly descended in such a state of alarm that he was, for some moments, unable to explain that, in the niche, lay a petrified giant.
The other explorers immediately climbed up to the aperture and gazed in.
There, sure enough, was the monster man, whose dimensions upon measurement were 9 feet and 7 inches in length, 38 inches across the breast, and 2 feet deep.
A helmet of brass or copper of gigantic proportions was on his head, which the corrosive elements of time had sealed to his brow.
He seems to have been a disagreeable customer, and it is perhaps as well that he is dead and petrified, for near him were two mammoth spear heads, one of which had a socket of silver, into which to insert a pole or handle.
There was also a large hook made of bone, apparently
manufactured from the tusk of an extinct ‘leviathan of the land’.
On the wall were some strange looking letters and pictures of three ships, each having three masts, the middle mast being only two thirds the height of the outward ones.
There was also on a flat stone in the wall, the picture of a large man with a spear in his hand, and of another ship.
On removing this stone, another chamber was discovered, in which were the bones of several more giants, a primitive quartz crusher, and a number of tools made of copper.
It is supposed that these poor giants were at work a thousand years ago in the cave, when a slide from the mountain from the mountain above immured them in a living tomb.
The search is to be further prosecuted, and in the meantime, the explorers are described as wild with the excitement of the strange and curious things they have discovered.

1874 - October 30th: The New York Times

The Lexington Gazette says:
The catacombs reported to exist beneath this city, so accurately described by an English traveler who examined them in 1806, and which, by the way, were never heard of by men who lived in this city in 1806, and are living in this city still, are rather losing interest for the public.
The mummies referred to, of course, never existed, and the story is a canard from beginning to end.
But, notwithstanding the fallacy of this story, there can be no doubt that mummies and other evidences of a prehistoric race, much more civilized than the Indians, were found in the caves by the early settlers of Kentucky.
Collins, in his recently published history of Kentucky, gives ample proof of the existence of the mummies in several caves, and gives an accurate description of the manner in which they were embalmed and the kind of bandages used.
Recently, on a visit to Madison County, our attention was directed to startling evidence of the existence of this prehistoric race in Kentucky; and what is more wonderful, there seems to be
incontestable proof that our predecessors on Kentucky soil were
no less than eight feet high.
Collins refers to some of these evidences in his chapter on Madison County, and upon investigation, we found all that he says fully substantiated by evidence now obtainable in the neighborhood of the mounds he refers to.
In numerous instances human bones have been disinterred, which on comparison with bones of men of ordinary size, prove incontestably that there were indeed giants in those days.
The manner in which these giants are interred is peculiar.
A cone-shaped recess is built up of substantial structure, somewhat resembling a sugar-loaf, but not so high in proportion. Inside of the cone, the giant sits, his knees doubled up under his chin.
We believe that all of the large skeletons found up to this date have been so interred.
Other evidences of a prehistoric race also exist, and evidences which would seem to indicate that our predecessors were from a distant country.
In the immediate neighborhood of the mounds, six shells, lying near together, were recently plowed up, and shells of a very
peculiar formation, as we understand, is only found in China.
They are about eight inches long and five inches in diameter. The
large end is almost flat, and they turn in the opposite direction
from the way that shells usually turn. We have never seen any
shells resembling them, and none others were ever seen so far as
we could learn in this country.

1874 – December 4th: Perrysburg Journal

The skeleton of an Indian of gigantic size was found the other day in Paulding County.
From appearance, it was thought he was fully 10 feet in height.
Two knives, a spear head, and a handsomely carved pipe were also found.

1875 – April 7th: Public Ledger

The last human skeleton dug up in Iowa was 8 feet long.
It’s departed occupant is supposed to have been lynched by his antediluvian fellow citizens.

1875 - November 9t: Crawfordsville Star

The Starke County Ledger states that a mound near Knox, Indiana, which has recently been opened, contained several skeletons of human beings who were once of great stature.
It is estimated that they must have been eight feet tall while living.
Among the other interesting things discovered were several copper arrow heads.

1876 – February 7th: The New York Times

About the middle of last week, two young men named White, while idly wandering in a large tract of wild, dense forest, in the south eastern part of our county, discovered what they supposed to be a sink hole or fox den, and with that idea, proceeded to explore it.
After a little trouble making their way through the entrance, the cave (for such it proved to be) became large enough to admit their walking upright.
They had proceeded thus in this passage probably 150 yards, when they emerged into a large and picturesque gallery, the beauty and grandeur of which will rival that of the old Mammoth itself.
The room, according to their calculations, is about 150 by 100 feet, and abounds in all variety of stalactites and stalagmites.
It is not the things that we naturally find in caves that I wish to mention particularly, but the curious remains that were discovered therein.
In the north east corner of the first gallery, (for there are five of which I will hereafter speak), about five feet from the ground, they noticed some strange characters or hieroglyphs neatly carved in the wall, which upon close examination, proved to be the head-rock of a vault.
A few minutes prying served to loosen this and disclose to view the remains of three skeletons, which measure eight feet seven and a half inches, eight feet five inches, and eight feet four and three quarter inches in length respectively.
The head were lying towards the east, each body parallel to the other.
Beside them lay three huge – what appeared to be –swords, but they were so decayed that upon being touched they crumbled to dust.
After examining the remains closely, but finding nothing that would serve to throw any light on the question as to who, and from whence they are, they closed the vault, but in doing so knocked their torch out.
The story continues as the duo struggles through the darkened cave to find the cavern’s entrance:

They stated that after leaving the first large room, they struck a good sized branch, and continued following it until it forced them to turn into another passage - which led to another spacious hall, the size of which they believe to be as large as the first.
Out of this second cavern and through what they conceive as three other similar in size, they were made glad by the discovery of light ahead.
They finally emerged from their ugly confinement through a hole about midway up the cliff of Russell’s Creek, having been confined in their subterranean discovery for thirty-eight hours.
The whole country thereabouts is rife with speculations concerning the interesting discovery, and numbers of citizens will visit it as soon as Messrs. White finish their work of rendering the entrance less difficult to pass.
The above is a correct account and may be relied upon, as the young men are of unimpeachable veracity.

1876 - February 8th: The New York Times

The conduct of the prehistoric races of this continent, in omitting to leave any record which could establish their origins and customs, was extremely thoughtless.
They managed such things vastly better in Europe.
When the cave-dwellers grew tired of their existence of their subterranean existence and decided to die, they had some consideration for those who were to come after them. They selected specimens of the bones of all of the animals of the period, and drew portraits of themselves on the handles of their toothbrushes, and then laid down to die, surrounded by these mute witnesses of their fondness for art and animals.
Thus, when the British explorer finds a cave-dweller’s skeleton with it’s accompanying cabinet of curiosities, he is at once able to assert that the cave-dwellers were contemporary with bears and toothbrushes, and has the great satisfaction of knowing that, as soon as he can discover the date at which the cave-bear flourished in the British Isles, he will know the date at which the cave-dweller lived.
In North America, to the contrary, the earliest residents were sublimely selfish and cared nothing whatever for the archaeological findings of subsequent generations.
When a mound-builder died, he neither collected any extraneous bones, nor took the slightest care of his own.
Had he requested his surviving friends to look upon his corpse in the light of an antiquarian corner-stone, and to bury with it a box containing the newspapers and coins of the period, there would be some pleasure in digging him up.
Or, if he had simply directed that his name and destination should be inexpensively stenciled upon one of his largest bones, he could have saved us a great deal of unprofitable discussion as to his real character.
But, he did nothing of the sort; and in consequence, when we know find his skeleton, it is useless, even to the coroner, and is entirely indistinguishable from the ordinary Indian skeleton.
The public will be unpleasantly reminded of this callous indifference to the future on the part of the prehistoric Americans
by the recent discovery of three unusually fine skeletons in Kentucky.
A Louisville newspaper asserts that two men lately undertook to explore a cave which they had accidentally discovered not far from that city.
The entrance to the cave was small, but the explorers soon found themselves in a magnificent apartment, richly furnished with expensive and fashionable stalactites.
In the corner of the hall stood a large, stone family vault, which the two men promptly pried open.
In it were three skeletons, each nearly nine feet in height.
The skeletons appear to have somewhat frightened the young men, for on seeing so extensive a collection of bones, they dropped their torch, and subsequently wandered in the darkness for thirty-six hours before they found their way back to daylight and soda water.
Now, it is very evident that these giant skeletons belonged to men very different from the men of present day.
A skeleton which measured eight feet, ten inches would measure fully nine feet when dressed, even in a thin suit of flesh.
The three genuine nine foot men of Kentucky must have belonged to a race that is now entirely extinct, and hence, it would be a matter of great interest, if we could learn who and what they were.
It would be difficult to excuse the indifference of these giants to our natural curiosity.
They could afford to be buried in a gorgeous family vault, and hence could have afforded to decorate the vault with a plain and inexpensive door-plate. They could afford to pay the cost of having their heavy bodies carried a long distance into the cave, before being deposited in the vault, and it is reasonably certain that they did not obtain possession of so eligible a burial place without paying a large price to the local cemetery company.
And yet, they did not take the time to furnish us with the slightest clue to their identity. Not only did they omit to put a
door plate upon their vault, but they failed to deposit a visiting card, or a worthless certificate of petroleum stock, or anything whatever bearing the name of either them in the tomb. Not so much as a boot or a paper collar, a gilt sleeve button, or a cheap jack-knife, was buried with them.
When we contrast this selfish parsimony with the generous forethought of the cave dweller who died with a bear’s skull in one hand, a rhinoceros horn in the other, and his pockets stuffed full of engraved toothbrush handles, merely in order to please remote posterity, we can only blush for the selfish want of public spirit of the early American giant.
Of course, the tale of the two Kentuckian explorers needs confirmation.
They may have made their alleged discovery while in an advanced state of hot whiskey, or they may have manufactured
their skeletons before ‘finding’ them, with the view of adding extra attractions of the Centennial Exhibition.
Whole panorama of eccentric skeletons have frequently been seen in Kentucky and elsewhere, by men who have looked too frequently upon the whiskey when it is hot and flavored with sugar and lemon peel; and the story of the Cardiff Giant reminds us that manufacturers of prehistoric men has already been attempted.
Still, even if the American giant proves to be fact, we have no reason to hope that we shall ever find what manner of man he was.
It is only too evident that he was an inconsiderate as the Early American Cucumber, which insists upon running over all of the contiguous vegetable beds, without depositing sufficient cucumbers to atone for it’s trespass.
He died and left no sign, and he deserves our hearty condemnation for his selfish carelessness.

1876 – February 16th: The Newberry Herald

Another mammoth cave has been discovered near Columbia, Ky.,
which rivals in grandeur the original Mammoth (Cave).
In it were found thirty-one human skeletons of gigantic proportions.
The cave has plenty of galleries, and many varieties of stalactites
and stalagmites

1876 - March 24th: The New York Times

Prehistoric America must have been an exceedingly curious and interesting country.
It’s forests were filled with mastodons and megatheriums, and other large and lively beasts, any of which thought nothing of scratching himself upon the sharp pinnacles of a convenientGothic church, and so toppling it over on it’s scores of helpless pew holders.
In the Mississippi Valley, the industrious mound builders were constantly throwing up gigantic mole hills and planting them with earthen pots and copper hatchets, in the vain expectation that the seed thus sown would yield enormous crops of kitchen wares and carpenter’s tools.
In Kentucky, the giants to whom the bones recently discovered in a Kentucky cave are said to have belonged, strode loftily along the turnpikes, kicking the Indians and the mound builders contemptuously out of the way; and finally in Tennessee, a race of pygmies was continually holding political meetings and resolving that mastodons, mound builders, and giants should be promptly abolished, and that the size of the inhabitants of this country should be made and kept commensurate with it’s commercial necessities.
It is rather odd that the existence of the Tennessee pygmies of prehistoric America was, until recently, never suspected.
The name of the mastodon has long been familiar to every person who is, in the least degree, addicted to fossils. His remains, in the shape of plaster-of-Paris skeletons, with artists’ names stamped in the forehead, are exhibited in every respectable museum, and inspire the youth of America with bitter regret that the animal so beautifully adapted for experiments with red-pepper lozenges has gone where the small boy ceases to trouble and the nomadic circus is at rest.
The mound builders have been the subject of scores of essays, in which their identity with the Aztecs, the Chinese, the Egyptians, the Welsh, and the lost tribes of Israel has been triumphantly shown; and of the exact height and probable capacity for whiskey of the Kentucky giants, we have careful and presumably accurate statistics.
The discovery of the pygmies is, however, so very recent, that no one has as yet, framed any theory whatever to account for their origins, nor to explain their complete extinction.
When the Kentucky giants were discovered, it was natural that the ‘state pride’ of the people of Tennessee should be somewhat hurt.
The Tennesseans, however, did not sit down and content themselves with reviling the Kentuckians and insinuating doubts as to the alleged character of the gigantic bones. They promptly proceeded to find rival bones of still greater merit, and theirindustry has been rewarded by the discovery of a graveyard containing the skeletons of 75,000 pygmies, of a height of three feet each.
What are the three eight foot giants of Kentucky in comparison with so great a cloud of pygmies?
If we may judge from the price usually paid by circus managers for living giants and dwarves, a three foot dwarf is decidedly more valuable than an eight foot giant. And if the same standard governs the price of fossils, the 75,000 pygmies are worth fully 25,000 times as much as the three Kentucky giants.
While the Kentuckians can present their giants to three eminent scientific men, and thus obtain three distinct scientific reports certifying to the enormous interest and value of fossil giants, the Tennesseans can supply every scientific man in this country and in Europe with a fossil dwarf, and so secure testimonials without number to the unequalled excellence of the Tennessee pygmies.
Indeed, if the discoveries of the pygmies will only employ some astute piano maker who is an expert in testimonials, to obtain for the fossil dwarves the recognition of the scientific world, there is not a living person who will not sign a certificate setting forth his admiration for the beauty and durability of the pygmies, and his determination to use none but those of the celebrated Tennessee graveyard for the rest of his professional life.
At what period these pygmies flourished, what they accomplished, and by what means they were induced to retire simultaneously to their graveyard can only be conjectured.
They may have been the identical pygmies, that, according to the Greek legend, waged war with the cranes. If so, the cranes must have proven too powerful for them.
This is hardly probable, and any modern Tennessean who has attempted to keep chickens in the neighborhood of a family of citizens of African descent will scornfully refuse to believe that pygmies of three feet in height could not kill cranes on their roost with at least as much success as is achieved by the small African boy when invading the midnight henhouse.
We must wait for further discoveries before it will be safe to decide whether pygmies were contemporary with giants, and whether they preceded the mound builders.
The bare fact that they once existed is all that we can safely affirm of them; but, doubtless by that time, every home in the country is ornamented by a fossil pygmy, and every newspaper publishes extracts from the certificates of scientific persons who are overwhelmed with admiration of the vast superiority of Tennessee to those of all rival communities, we shall be in the possession of information which will enable us to know at least as much of the pygmies, as we now know of the mastodon and the mound builders.
1879 – June 10th: The Cincinnati Star

Pleasant Plain, Ohio – An excursion from this place visited Fort Ancient, the famous prehistoric remains a few miles from here, and excavated for curiosities.
The labors were rewarded by the discovery of an ancient warrior of extraordinary size.
Buried with him were also found arrows, war paint, various stone implements, and 75 deer antlers.
1879 – October 4th: The Arizona Sentinel

The Fronterizo reports the finding last week of a peculiar skull near Wellington Station, at a depth of 45 feet.
It is like a human skull, but has two horns about 3 inches long, inclined towards a large and well developed forehead.
It may yet be proved that men with horns were not rare in prehistoric times

1880 - February 6th: The New York Times

A contractor named Thomas Stone, who was employed to dig a foundation near Harbeck's Stores on Furman Street, Brooklyn, for a new building, was informed by the laborers engaged in the work that they had found some bones which they believed to be human remains.
The bones were discovered about two weeks ago, but nothing was said about it until yesterday, when a ridiculously sensational story was published in an evening paper alleging that the bones were those of a race of Brooklyn giants, who lived over 3000 years ago.
Stone, the contractor, said last evening that the sensational story was true, but when asked for the grounds of his assertion, could give none.
The Police of the Second Precinct say no human remains were found, and that the story is absolutely untrue.

1880 – September 22nd: The Deseret News

The accompanying account of the remains of a giant race found in Muskingum County, Ohio, is sent to us by a friend from correspondence to the ‘Cincinnati Enquirer’.
The mounds in which these remarkable discoveries were made were about 64 feet long and 35 feet wide, top measurement.
All of the skeletons were found on a level with the hill and about eight feet from the top of the mound.
Now, to a more particular description of these antiquated remains:
In one grave there were two skeletons; one male and one female. The female was facing downward, the male being immediately on top, facing upward. The male skeleton measured nine feet in length, and the female eight feet.
In another grave were also found two skeletons – male and female; the female looking upward and the male looking downward. The male frame in this case was nine feet four inches, and the female eight feet.
In another grave was found a female skeleton, which was encased in a clay coffin, holding in her arms the skeleton of a child three and a half feet long, by the side of which was a second image which upon being exposed to the atmosphere, crumbled rapidly.
The remaining seven were found in single graves, and were lying on their sides. The smallest of the seven was nine feet, and the largest ten.
One strange circumstance connected with this discovery was that not a single tooth was found in either mouth, except in the case of the one encased in the clay coffin.
This excavation was made under the direction of the Muskingum County Historical Society, and the things alluded to in this letter or dispatch, can be verified by a number of witnesses who were present, and who watched the work as it progressed.
It was pursued with interest and diligence, there being the strongest incentive to prosecute the investigation, for such remarkable developments in mound opening are very rare, and are therefore fascinating in the extreme.
Their future labors were also rewarded with additional developments, which, if they do not throw light upon this giant
race of people that once inhabited this country, will at least stimulate research.
What is now a profound mystery, the results of the excavation, may in time, become the key to unlock still further mysteries.
I refer to a stone that was found resting against the head of the clay coffin above described. It is an irregular-shaped sandstone. Weighing about eighteen pounds, being strongly impregnated with oxide of iron, and bearing upon one side, two lines of hieroglyphs.

1881 – April 21st: The Northern Pacific Farmer
An Extinct Race, With Skulls 3 Feet Long.

The Durango Record says:
The following extracts from a letter received by Mr. Charles Newman, of the wholesale drug house of Newman, Chestnut, & Stevens, of this city, will be found of great interest, detailing as they do, the discovery of the most remarkable prehistoric remains ever yet unearthed.

That ‘there were giants on the earth in those days’ can no longer be doubted, a skull measuring 3 feet in length testifying to their existence among the prehistoric people of the San Juan river.
Mr. Newman reports the writer of the letter, Mr. Carpenter, to be a reliable man, and he will avail himself of his offer and take charge of the remains, which will be removed to Durango at an early day.
Farmington is situated about fifty miles south of Durango, at the confidence of the Animas and San Juan rivers, and the discovery was made within three miles of town.

1881 - October 17th: The New York Times

(From the Denver Tribune)
It may be of interest to the paleontologist to know that Jacob Daniels, living on Running Creek, 45 miles from the city, while digging down into the earth a few days ago, found a curiously shaped stone, resembling in form the breast and abdomen of the human body.
His curiosity being aroused, he began drifting right and leftfrom the shaft which he had sunk, and disinterred large fragments of stone, which, when put together in their proper places, gave the exact form of a human being, twelve feet in length.

1882 - May 25th: The New York Times

(St. Paul, Minnesota)
A skull of heroic size and singular formation has been discovered among the relics of the mound builders in the Red River Valley.
The mound was sixty feet in diameter and twelve feet high.
Near the center were found the bones of about a dozen men and women, mixed with the bones of various animals.
The skull in question was the only perfect one, and near it were found some abnormally large body bones. The man who bore it was evidently a giant.
A thorough investigation of the mound and it’s contents will be made by the Historical Society.

1882 – July 14th: Semi-Weekly Interior Journal

It is stated that a skeleton of enormous size has been found on the east bank of the Big Miami River, on the farm of Mr. Lewis Strong, near Cincinnati.
The recent freshets washed away a portion of the ground, and while plowing, Mr. Strong unearthed a pile of bones, which proved to be human, and of a size that would make the stories of ‘Jack the Giant Killer' creditable, the thigh bones being as large as an ox.

Around the bones were a number of Indian relics, such as a tomahawk, spear heads, etc., leading to the belief that the remains were those of an Indian chief.
The skull has been taken to Mr. Strong's residence, where it can be seen.
1882 – September 29th: The Daily Bulletin

An interesting discovery has been made at Founhope, near Hereford.
Mr. Stone, builder, has been engaged for some time in the restoration of St. Mary’s Church there.
On Thursday morning, whilst his men were excavating beneath the church, they came upon a brick vault with an arched roof, and in this vault was a handsome oak coffin of extraordinary length and breadth.
The coffin crumbled to pieces when touched, disclosing a human skeleton of gigantic proportions, which, when the air struck it, dissolved into dust.
The length of the body from head to feet was 8 feet 6 inches,
and the breadth was 3 feet 6 inches.
1883 – January 20th: The Ottawa Free Trader

A party of Italian scientists who recently explored Patagonia found in that country large numbers of enormous human skulls.

1883 – April 12th: The Weekly Democratic Statesman

Mr. John W. Emmert, employed by the bureau of ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, has lately explored a mound at Bristol, Tennessee, and secured some interesting and valuable Indian relics.
Among other things in the mound was found the skeleton of a gigantic Indian.

1883 - April 24th: The New York Times

Although the thermometer yesterday did not register many degrees above the freezing point, and the rain and wind which prevailed made the day the reverse of Spring, newspaper readers are not to be allowed to forget that Spring is upon us.
Yesterday, in North Carolina, the skeletons of a number of gigantic men were discovered in a mound.
The mound must be comparatively small, for the skeletons, when discovered, were all sitting down.
In this position, it is inferred from the telegraphic report, their heights varied from over seven feet, to over nine feet in height.
When erect, therefore, these skeletons must be of imposing stature.
The discovery of giant skeletons in the Spring is entirely seasonable, as marine monsters occupy all the attention of newspaper correspondents during the Summer months.
The two remarkable points in the dispatch announcing this discovery are, first, that the State Geologist will go to the spot at once, which shows an amount of credulity on the part of the
Geologist not often possessed by State officers; and secondly,
that there is much excitement in Bertle County where the skeletons were found.
Perhaps the State Geologist will decide not to go to the spot when he reflects that the rustic male inhabitants of the old North State are invariably very tall and very thin, and that the prevailing style of architecture in the rural districts is, to say the least, primitive.
For the discovery of a number of gigantic skeletons, sitting down in a mound, might be traced upon investigation, to the imaginative correspondent of a view of some picturesque native distillers enjoying their midday meal in their rude dwelling.

1883 – September 13th: Daily Los Angeles Herald

More ethnological discoveries have been made in Santa Barbara County by Professor C.W. Clark and Walter Steele, this time, on the northern slope of the Santa Ynez mountains, nearly a hundred miles from Santa Barbara city.
The results of the search are as follows:
The head and arm bones of a man at least nine feet in height when living.
Several queer weapons used by the aboriginal ages ago.
Queer specimens of pottery and wicker work taken from burial mounds.
Ornaments of ivory and bear’s teeth; the skeleton of a gigantic bear; an assortment of fossils; and a lot of reptiles, bugs, etc.
The discovery is considered of greatest importance.
1883 – September 14th: Barbour County Index
A farm-hand near Shelbyville, Indiana, is reported to have found the skeleton of a giant.
It is said to have been found in a sitting posture, six feet below the earth’s surface.
The gentleman who formerly sat in the bones which remain, if he existed at all, was 9 feet high, and must have weighed half a ton.
1883 – September 14th: Sacramento Daily Union

A flutter has been caused in scientific circles by the announcement in the Union Medicale, of June 2nd, of the discovery, on piercing a new gallery in a coal mine at Bully-Grenay (Pas-de-Calais), of a series of very remarkable caverns.
In the first, were the intact bodies of a man, two women, and three children. Beside them were petrified pieces of wooden utensils, and remains of mammals and fish, as well as stone weapons.
A second subterranean cavern revealed eleven bodies of gigantic size, the fossils of several animals, and a great number of various objects, including precious stones.
Into a third and larger chamber the miners could not enter on account of the carbonic acid it contained.
If all this turns out to be as true as it appears to be, the existence of prehistoric men is a stern fact, even to the most skeptical.

1883 - November 20th: The New York Times

(From the Charleston Call; West Virginia)
Professor Norris, the ethnologist, who has been examining the mounds of this section of West Virginia for several months, the other day opened the big mound on Colonel B.H. Smith’s farm, six or eight miles below here.
This is the largest mound in the valley, and proved a rich storehouse.
The mound is fifty feet high, and they dug down to the bottom. It was evidently the burial place of a noted chief, who had been interred with unusual honors.
At the bottom they found the bones of a human being, measuring 7 feet in length and 19 inches across the shoulders.
He was lying flat, and at either side, lying at an angle of about 45 degrees with their feet pointed toward their chief, were other men -- on one side two, and on the other side, three.
At the head of the chief lay another man, with his hands extended before him, and bearing two bracelets of copper.
On each side of the chief’s wrists were six bracelets of copper, while a looking glass of mica lay at his shoulder, and a gorget of copper rested on his breast.
Four copper bracelets were under his head, with an arrow through the center.
A house twelve feet in diameter and ten feet high, with a ridge pole 1 foot in diameter had been erected over them, and the whole covered by the dirt that formed the mound.
Each of the men buried there had been enclosed in a bark coffin.

1884 - March 26th: The New York Times

(Toronto, Ontario)
Mr. George Simpson, of McGillvray, recently made a remarkable discovery.
While digging on his farm, he struck on a large stone, and after clearing the dirt away, discovered a petrified man.
The figure measured 7 feet, 4 inches in height, and was almost perfect in form.
Parts of the body were white and the rest was of a dark grayish color.
It is one of the greatest curiosities ever seen in this country.

1884 – September 6th: Grey River Argus

H. R. Hazelton recently opened the large Indian mound near Cartersville, Georgia.
A layer of very heavy flagstones covered a deep vault, in which was found the skeleton of a man nine feet two inches in height, surrounded by seven other skeletons, apparently those of very young persons.
The giant evidently had been a king, as his head was encircled with a copper crown.
His hair, black as jet, reached to his waist, but he had no whiskers.
The bottom of the vault had first been covered with a thick matting of reeds and dried grass, over which were spread the skins of some wild animal.
The undersides of the stones covering the grave are filled with deeply carved inscriptions.
If it is ever possible to decipher these, Mr. Hazelton thinks he will have something reliable to prehistoric man in America.

1884 – December 11th: Weekly Expositor

The school at Sleepy Hollow, Lenawee County, has been presented with a gigantic Indian skeleton that was unearthed in a sitting posture near Hudson.

1885 - April 9th: The New York Times

(St. Louis, Missouri)
The city of Moberly, Missouri is stirred up over the discovery of a wonderful, buried city, which was discovered at the bottom of a coal shaft, 300 feet deep, which was being sunk near the city.
A hard and thick stratum of lava arches in the buried city, the streets of which are regularly laid out and enclosed by walls of stone, which is cut and dressed in a fairly good, although rude style of masonry.
A hall, thirty feet by one hundred feet was discovered, wherein were stone benches and tools of all descriptions for mechanical service.
Further search disclosed statues and images made of a composition closely resembling bronze, lacking luster.
A stone foundation was found, situated in a wide court or street, and from it a stream of perfectly pure water was flowing, which was found to be strongly impregnated with lime.
Lying beside the foundation were portions of the skeleton of a human being. The bones of the leg measured, showing the femur was four and a half feet long, the tibia four feet and three inches, showing that, when alive, the figure was three times the size of an ordinary man, and possessed of a wonderful muscular power and quickness.
The head bones had separated in two places, the sagittal and the caronal suturis having been destroyed.
The implements found embrace bronze and flint knives, stone and granite hammers, metallic saws of crude workmanship but proved metal, and others of similar character; they are not so highly polished, nor so accurately made as those now finished by our best mechanics, but they show skill and an evidence of an advanced civilization that are very wonderful.
The searching party spent 12 hours in the depths, and only gave up explorations because of the oil in their lamps being low.
No end to the wonders of the discovery were reached.
The facts above given are vouched for by Mr. David Coates, the recorder of the city of Moberly, and Mr. George Keating, City Marshal, who were of the exploration party.
A further extended search will be made in a day or two.

1885 – May 6th: Omaha Daily Bee

Homer, Ohio - One of the most important discoveries made in this prolific field of Indian mounds was made near here today.
Beneath a small mound, and five feet below the normal surface, five gigantic skeletons, with their feet to the East, were found in a grave with a stone floor.
Remnants of burned bones and wood charcoal are plentiful, together with numerous stone vessels and weapons.
The skeletons are of enormous size, the head of one being the size of a wooden bucket.
The most striking articles besides the skeletons were a finely finished stone pipe, the bowl being large and polished and engraved with considerable care in a simple way; the figures are birds and beasts; also, a knife, shaped like a sickle reversed and having a wooden handle held by leather throngs, and a kettle holding, perhaps six quarts.
Those who know, say that this find is one of the oldest in America, and perhaps the most valuable.

1885 - August 17th: The New York Times

(From the San Francisco Bulletin; - Victoria, British Columbia)
The body of a petrified giant has been found by two farmers who were sinking a well 10 miles from town.
It’s appearance closely resembles that of a human being.
The head has the appearance of having been scalped.
The material is as hard as flint, and the arms and legs are broken off. The veins and ribs are plainly traced.
A party has gone out for the legs, arms, and hands, which lie in a hole.
The man, when alive, must have been about twelve feet in height.
1885 – October 10th: Sacramento Daily Record-Union

A large Indian mound near the town of Cartersville, Georgia, has recently been opened and examined by a committee of scientists sent out from the Smithsonian Institution.
At some depth from the surface, a kind of vault was found in which was found the skeleton of a giant measuring 7 feet 2 inches.
His hair was coarse and jet black, and hung to the waist, the brow being ornamented with a copper crown.
The skeleton was remarkably well preserved. Near it were also found the bodies of several children of various sizes, the remains being covered with beads made of bone of some kind.
Upon removing these, the bodies were seen to be enclosed in a net of straw and reeds, and beneath this was a covering of the skin of some animal.
On the stones which covered the vault were carved inscriptions, and these, when deciphered, will doubtless lift the veil that now shrouds the history of a race of giants, that at one time it is supposed, inhabited the American continent.
The relics have been carefully packed and forwarded to the Smithsonian, and they are said to be the most interesting collection ever found in the United States.
The explorers are now at work on another mound in Bartow County, Georgia.
1885 – October 22nd: The Pacific Commercial Advertiser

A shell fish covered Indian mound has been discovered back of Woodward’s Garden, San Francisco.
Several semi-transparent, stone spear heads and curious shells have been found, and two skeletons covered with shells were unearthed. They are thus described:
One peculiarity about the skeleton is the vertebrae, which, instead of terminating in the usual manner, projects about 4 and a half inches, as if it had been a tail.
This skeleton is in the possession of a Mr. Allan, residing at 24 Julian Avenue. He thinks that if Darwin could have seen the remains, he would have found the missing link.
The next strange object found was a curious skull. It is shaped like that of ordinary Indians, very thick, evidencing a small facial angle, but on the frontal part, there projects a large bone, after the manner of a unicorn. It is about 2 inches long.
The digger, in unearthing the skull, accidentally mutilated it on one side.
Both the skull and skeleton will be presented to the Academy of Science for investigating.
1885 – November 13th: Sacramento Daily Record-Union

We find the following in the Florence Enterprise: (Arizona Territory)
The School Board of District No. 7, north of the river, is having adobes made for their new schoolhouse, and Wednesday, while the workmen were digging into the bank of the gulch just west of A.W. Sharpe’s house for the dirt with which to make the adobes, they struck a large stone vault.
At first they were greatly excited. Imagining that they had struck a vault of hidden treasure, but it proved to be a tomb which contained the skeleton of a giant. The skeleton shows that the man must have been at least 8 feet tall.
The thigh bones are 2 feet long, and are as large again as that of an ordinary man.
How long this monster specimen of the genus homo has lain in this hidden vault it is impossible to guess, but the condition of the bones would indicate that many decades had elapsed since the remains were deposited there.
Although the vault is free from moisture, the bones have decayed to a considerable extent.
Mr. Sharpe has placed them in a box where they can be examined by the curious.
1886 – April 22nd: The Emporia Weekly News

The recent heavy floods in Georgia have revealed a mine of archaeological wonders near Cartersville, in a mound field of gigantic size, acres of bones and skulls have been discovered, of such a size that the owners must have reached a height of 14 feet, developing the fact that ‘there were giants in those days’.

1887 – January 7th: Meriden Daily Republican

Henry Gwaltney dug into a mound near Wakulla, Florida, recently and found a skull that must have belonged to a giant.
The under jaw was particularly large, being twice the size of an ordinary man’s, and none of the teethe was missing from either jaw, and but one showed signs of decay.
1887 – March 23rd: The Hazel Green Herald

In clearing away the debris of the river banks that recently caved in at Augusta, Kentucky, a large number of curios skulls and bones were discovered in the yard of Mrs. Frances Golenstein’s residence.
Upon examination they have found to be the relics of aborigines, and some of the skulls were large enough to have belonged to an eight foot man.

1887 – June 21st: The Evening News

Last Friday, as a party of workmen were excavating a cellar on the Hilton Ranch, near Oroville, the ground underneath two of them suddenly gave way, letting them fall into a hole about eight feet deep.
Luckily, they were not injured, and their comrades soon rescued them.
Their curiosity, however, was aroused, and procuring a ladder and some lights, the men descended into the subterranean cavity.
They found it was walled up with hewn rock, on which were carved what appears to be inscriptions, though in what language they are couched, no one who has seen them can tell.
The top had been covered with long slabs of stone, one of which the pick had broken, letting the men fall.
Ranged around the walls of the cavern were several odd shaped, earthenware jars with grotesque decorations in black, some of which contained bones.
In one corner of the place were portions of a skeleton, which, judging from the size of the femur found, must have belonged to a very large and powerful man. But little of the skeleton was left.
The skull was crushed in at the back, showing that the man had met with a violent death.
Scattered around the floor, near the skeleton, were a number of rudely made ornaments, an axe of black obsidian, and a few arrowheads.
The place thus strangely found was evidently a tomb, and probably that of a chief, but of what nation or people, no one can tell.
How long the remains have been in this silent house, and what the strange inscriptions mean may perhaps never be known; but, that the tomb was made by a race of people larger than any now known to exist and who had a written language is a certainty.
All of the articles found were boxed up.

1887 – November 19th: Ashburton Guardian

While William Thompson, assisted by Robert Smith, was engaged in making an excavation near the house of the former, about a half mile north of West Hickory, preparatory to erecting a derrick, they exhumed an enormous helmet of iron which was corroded with rust.
Further digging brought to light a sword, which measured nine feet in length.
Curiosity incited them to enlarge the hole, and after a little time they discovered the bones of two enormous feet.
Following up the lead they had so unexpectedly struck, in a few hours’ time, they had unearthed a well-preserved skeleton of an enormous giant, belonging to a species of the human family which probably inhabited this, or other parts of the world, at the time of which the Bible speaks, when it says, ‘and there were giants, in those days’.
The helmet is said to be in the shape of those found among the ruins of Nineveh.
The bones of the skeleton are remarkably white; the teeth are all in their places, and all of them are double and of extraordinary size.
These relics have been taken to Tionesta, where they are visited by large numbers of people daily.
When his giant-ship was in the flesh, he must have stood eighteen feet in his stockings.
These remains were found about twelve feet below the surface of the mound.

1887 – November 29th: The Evening World

The remains of a prehistoric race of giants have frequently been dug up at St. Augustine, Florida, and last week, in excavating for a cellar, a workman disinterred an immense, iron crowbar which must have been used by the unknown aborigines.
It is ten feet long, tapering at each end to a sharp point, and weighs 190 pounds.

1887 – December 1st: Wichita Eagle

Fossil human remains have just been found in the Diablo mountains, a range just north of the station at Carrizo, 130 miles east of El Paso, on the Texas & Pacific Railroad.
The district has been little visited until lately, when some rich silver deposits were found in the range, which led to a large influx of prospectors.
The summit of the range is of limestone formation, which is honeycombed in various places by caves. In one of them has been found stone implements, bone needles, pieces of pottery, and other evidence of human habitation.
Bones of extinct species of animals are numerous.
Among this mass of prehistoric remains were found a portion of a man’s skeleton of gigantic size, consisting of the skull and a portion of the vertebrae. The skull shows enormous teeth in a perfect state of preservation.
The remains are in the possession of N.A. Osner, of Carrizo Station.

1888 – March 16th: The Columbian

Yesterday a fragment of a human skeleton was brought into Carson, Nevada from Pine Grove, near Genoa.
The original skeleton must have been fully 25 feet long.
The bone was a portion of the leg below the knee, and was 8 inches across, or five times the usual size.
The fragment was about two feet long, splendidly preserved, and weighed 20 pounds.
All of the local physicians agree that it is unquestionably a portion of the skeleton of the largest human remains ever discovered.
Parties are going to Pine Grove to search for the rest of the skeleton.

1888 – June 2nd: The Ottawa Free Trader

While workmen were engaged in digging for sand at Van Meter’s Bend, near Kankakee, Saturday, they unearthed the bodies of six men that are supposed to be those of an extinct race of giants.
The bones are much larger than those of the present day.
The mound has produced a large number of skeletons and many interesting relics.

1888 – June 16th: The News-Herald

A skeleton which is supposed to have belonged to a giant of the prehistoric ages was unearthed on the farm of Lewis Mallow, in Jasper township, last week.
The bones were very much decomposed and crumbled into dust when exposed to the air, but left enough intact to show their large proportions.

1888 – November 8th: The Big Sandy News

J.W. Marquess, of Roaring Springs, Trigg County, in making an excavation on his place, came across some old Indian graves, from one of which a human skeleton of giant dimensions was unearthed.
The skeleton measured 8 feet, and was perfectly preserved except the feet were gone. Every tooth was in the large mouth.
Buried with this skeleton were a rusted tomahawk, a piece of pottery with a woman’s picture on it; also, a copper coin, five inches in diameter with two circles, one containing 28 hieroglyphs, the other 52.

1889 – August 10th: The Daily Morning Astorian

This is the latest in prehistoric finds in Nebraska:
The petrified arm of a prehistoric giant was unearthed recently on the farm of J.R. Male, near Kearney, Nebraska.
The hand was tightly clasped; a young son of Mr. Male, while playing with the curiosity, broke off the fingers of the hand and nine large diamonds fell out.
Mr. Male will exhume the remainder of the body.

1889 - October 10th: North Otago Times

(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
A general outline of some of the wonderful things seen by ayoung American traveler, S.E. White, among the ruins of Inca civilization in South America, has already appeared in this journal.
White, known as Blancho -- for by that name did the traveler become widely known -- saw enough of Inca antiquities to make him desire to see more, and he very energetically set to work.
His achievements, resulting from his activity and deft use of camera and notebook, are of much scientific value. He has brought together many facts of which little or nothing was previously known.
One of these novelties -- if a discoverer may so speak of that which flourished some 1500 years ago -- consists of the revelation of a ruined city of a pygmy race, built high upon Huacapuno’s summit, some 16,000 feet altitude, in the range of the Andes, back of Lima, Peru.
Strange stories of a city above the clouds had reached the traveler before he had been long in Lima.
Indians told of it, but spoke superstitiously regarding the dangers of exploring the locality.
To reach it, the traveler must pass through the poisoned Verrugas Valley, which yearly claims hundreds of victims to Verrugas Fever.
The evil spirits of the ancient people of the Andes guard theplace, and rash explorers of it’s sacred ruins are, according to the old tales, are visited by blood poisoning, from which they may never recover.
There was difficulty in getting a guide to go to such a mysterious spot, but Blanco and an Englishman secured one.
The lengthy article continues, with White entering the ruins of Huacapuno and describing the following sites:

Everything was made of stone, once held together by mortar, but now loose and crumbling, and overgrown with vegetation.The outer wall was 10-feet in height.
The streets were narrow, crossing each other at right angles.
Each block was about forty feet long and twenty feet wide, enclosing in each, a courtyard.
Some blocks were peculiar, in the fact that they had no entrances from without. There were more than seventy of these blocks.
A dozen or more towers rose from the blocks, about six feet above the house walls, which averaged only five feet in height.
The blocks were divided into small compartments, all of which opened only to the interior courtyard.
The travelers did note all these things from their first point of observation on the citadel. Up to this time, they had no idea of finding a city of pygmies, or evidences of advanced civilization.
The low arches and walls were the first suggestion of this nature.
It was then that White remembered reading some time before, in a book of Spanish antiquities, of reports of a race of pygmies on the Peruvian Coast, that had flourished long before the time of the Inca Empire.
These people, the Spanish historians said, had been driven to the top of a high mountain, and had lived and died there; their existence ending shortly after the beginning of the Christian era.
Measurements showed that none of the rooms in the houses were larger than 3 and a half feet long, 2 feet high, and 2 feet wide.
The largest doorways were only 12 inches by 14 inches.

1890 – March 22nd: The Washington Critic

Near Montpellier, in the south of France, two skulls have been exhumed, which judging from their size, must have belonged to men over 10 feet high.
Either the modern disease known as ‘big-head’ sometimes afflicted prehistoric men, or else these two Aryans are actually taller than Ben Harrison.

1890 – August 22nd: The Red Cloud Chief

A correspondent at Wakefield says that while workmen were recently grading on one of the streets of that town, they unearthed the skeletons of a large number of human beings, both adults and children.
The skeletons were found almost entire and located about two feet below the surface of the street.
One jawbone was found perfect, with twelve teeth on each side, showing that its possessor must have had a set of forty-eight teeth and had been a giant.

1890 – August 27th: New Ulm Weekly Review

Boys near Platteville found the skeleton of an antediluvian giant.

1891 - March 6th: The Semi-Weekly News

(From Helena, Montana)
Vical Jarcot, a half-breed who carries mail between Fort McGinnis and Rocky Point, brings the news of the discovery of the petrified remains of a giant in the badlands, a few miles below the mouth of the Mussel Shell River.
The discovery was made by Late Dona, another half-breed, who started off to find a purchaser for his curiosity before Jarcot could complete a description.
The remains were not complete, indicating that petrifaction had only taken place in a portion of the body, while the remainder had followed the course of nature, and returned to the dust.
One leg was eight feet long, the thigh being about four feet.
A rib found measured two and a half feet.

1891 - April 11th: The New York Times

(Gainesville, Texas)
Several weeks ago, curious discoveries were reported near Era, in Cook County.
Colonel Tally, of Dallas, representing an English scientific society, has been there for several days prosecuting an investigation.
He has just discovered the remains of a giant woman, with a large, gold-mounted and ancient modeled tucking comb beneath her hair.
This is in the nature of other discoveries made there several weeks ago by a party from Illinois and led to the investigation by Colonel Tally.
He says there is something in store for theological students and historians, as well as for the scientific world.
The place of the discovery is known as the Clear Creek Catacombs.

1891 - July 5th: The New York Times

(From Buzzard’s Bay, Massachusetts)
Joseph Jefferson, the actor, has made an astonishing find on the Summer place which he has purchased here, near that of ex-President Cleveland.
In laying out the grounds and making alterations, it became necessary to remove a sand hill of large size.
The workmen, while doing this, found the skeleton of a man that filled them with astonishment from it’s great size.
When an attempt was made to lift up the skeleton, it crumbled away, all except the skull.
A workman lay down by the side of it, however, and it was estimated that it must have belonged to a man of at least six feet and six inches in height.
The most peculiar thing was brought to light, however, when the skull was taken to Mr. Jefferson and by him examined.
It was like ordinary skulls, only larger, except that it had, as far as could be seen, no place where the eyes had been. There was one hole in the center of the forehead that might have once served for one eye.
This led Mr. Jefferson to believe that he had, perhaps, discovered the skeleton of a Cyclops.
He said to Mr. Booth, who was paying him a visit, when he saw the wonderful skull, that he and his brother actor had a chance at hand to play ‘Hamlet’ with a skull such as had never been played before.
All the scientific gentlemen in the neighborhood have been as unable to give an explanation of the skull as were Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Booth.
Mr. Jefferson will no doubt be glad to receive suggestions from men of science that may throw light upon the matter.
1891 – July 25th: Daily Tobacco Leaf-Chronicle

Skeletons of a giant man and woman have been found near Chautauqua by workmen digging for a railroad.

1891 – August 3rd: Sacramento Daily Union
Prehistoric Skeletons With Caudal Appendages Found In Old Mexico.

A discovery which will probably prove of immense interest to ethnologists has been made at the little hamlet of Sinaloa, Mexico, within the last few days while breaking ground for a large coffee plantation, which is being established by an English syndicate, says the Philadelphia Times.
The find consists of thousands of skeletons, either of large apes or of prehistoric human beings of a very low order.
If the remains are of apes, they were of a gigantic size, and of a variety no longer extant, while if they were of men, the men were provided with distinct caudal appendages, very thick and short, and curled up like a squirrel’s.
That they are the skeletons of apes can hardly be doubted, judging from the arms, which reach nearly half a foot below the knee, and the thumbs which are abnormally long and curved, with exceedingly sharp and powerful nails.
The feet too, show that they were intended for climbing, rather than walking, and are also provided with claws and prehensile toes of unusual length.
It is possible that the large numbers of skeletons found are due to a battle between two bands of the animals having taken place at this spot, which is further evidenced by the number of broken skulls and other bones among them, and the fact that several of the skeletons were found clinched in a deadly embrace.
The work of searching for other remains still goes on, every hour seeing hundreds of more detached fragments, or occasionally, whole skeletons unearthed. It is calculated that over 400 entire ones have already been disinterred.
A few of the most perfect have been sent to the British Museum, and others will be presented to the Smithsonian Institution by the owners of the land.
1891 – September 3rd: The State Republican

Two human skeletons of giant size were unearthed at Lakewood, New York, by workmen.
The thigh bone of one was 30 inches long.
1891 – September 11th: Dodge City Times

Further investigations of the Sweeny mounds, near Carthage, Illinois, resulted in the unearthing of hundreds of human skeletons of giant proportions

1891 – September 19th: Corbett’s Herald
The gigantic skeleton of a man, measuring eight feet six inches in height, was found near the Jordan River, just outside Salt Lake City last week.
The find was made by a workman who was digging an irrigation ditch.
The skull was uncovered at a depth of eight feet from the surface, and the skeleton was standing bolt upright. The workman had to dig down nine feet in order to exhume it.
The bones were much decayed, and crumbled at the slightest touch.
They were gathered together with great care, and the skeleton was found to measure eight feet six inches; the skull measured eleven inches in diameter, and the feet nineteen inches long.
A copper chain, to which was attached three medallions covered with curious hieroglyphics was around the neck of the skeleton, and near it was found a stone hammer, pieces of pottery, an arrowhead, and some copper medals.
Archaeologists believe that the original owner of the skeleton belonged to the race of mound builders.

1891 - November 7th: Baltimore American

(From the London Times)
At the second day’s proceedings of the Congress of Orientalists, the most striking contribution was Mr. G.H. Halliburton’s paper on ‘Dwarf Races and Dwarf Worship’.
It will be seen that Mr. Halliburton has discovered a tribe of dwarfs, living for the most part, south of the Atlas Mountains, but also, to some extent and sporadically on the north, who are probably of the same origin as the dwarfs discovered by Emin Pasha and Mr. Stanley in the vicinity of Victoria Nyanza, but of a higher social and intellectual development.
Mr. Halliburton’s paper was as follows:
Dwarf Races and Dwarf Races in Prehistoric Times ---
The singular, and at first sight incredible fact, that the existence of a race of dwarfs under four feet high, in the Atlas Mountains, only a few hundred miles from the Mediterranean, has for 3000 years at least been kept secret by the natives, was first brought to the notice of the scientific world by a paper of mine, read in my absence at the Bath Meeting of the British Association in 1888.
The information which had been collected by me, confirmed by that subsequently obtained at Tiemeen, Algeria, by Miss Day, and at Angier by the Right Honorable, Sir John Drummond Hay, who, for more than a quarter of a century had held the post of British Minister in Morocco, had placed the fact that such a race really exists beyond question; but, it seemed to me to be prudent to defer publishing the paper until a point almost as interesting as that of the existence of that race could be cleared up.
Why do so many of the Moors dread strangers knowing about this pygmy race?
Even to the inquiries of our late minister, Sir William Kirby Green, Bu Bekr, the confidential agent of the British government at the city of Morocco, replied that no Moor had ever even heard of such a race.
It was clear that an ancient and deep-seated superstition must be at the bottom of this mystery, and that in order to clear up this point I must spend several months in Morocco.
After a lapse of two years I visited that country early in November last, and remained until June 10th, seven months in all, and during that period managed to collect very conclusive evidence both from natives and Europeans who resided in that country.
Every dwarf, it appeared, is called ‘Sidi Borraker’, (Our Blessed Lord), and is looked upon as a great saint and a very holy man.
The mystery that has so long been kept up about them is apparently a vestige of an ancient worship of them, as guardians and protectors, and bringers of good luck.
But, I may, perhaps, be permitted to quote from two letters that have been received since this paper was handed in.
The first, written at the Grosvenor Club, August 15th, is from Captain Rolleston, a well-known writer on Morocco, a country in which he has resided for many years :
The Dwarfs of Morocco;
Relative to your queries as to the dwarfs of Morocco, I saw one of them about six years ago, when residing at Tangier. He appeared to be about thirty-five to forty years of age, between three feet and four feet high, and well-proportioned.
In color, he was no darker than an ordinary Spaniard, and unlike the generality of the Moors, was clean-shaven.
The next is from Mr. George Hunot, our consul at Saffi, who has more than once in recent works on Morocco been pronounced the highest living authority on the Moors. His clerk, Mr. Harry Broome, a native of Mogador, had promised to get me a Shilhaeh.

1891 – December 18th: The Hartford Republican

The skeleton of an Indian giant eight feet high has been found in Fayette County.

1891 - December 21st: The New York Times

An Indian sepulcher has been unearthed on 'Fish Marsh', in Sangus.
The tomb was about seven feet below the surface, and it contained the skeleton of a man of enormous proportions, which crumbled to dust upon exposure to air.
The body was buried in a sitting posture, facing East.
Beside the skeleton were found a pipe, a tomahawk blade, an arrow-head, an axe, and a cylindrical shaped stone.
Near the grave, an underground passage has been discovered.
Excavations are being made for the purpose of exploring the passage.
The discoveries were made by workmen who were excavating for building purposes.

1892 – January 30th: The Colonist
A most extraordinary discovery is reported from Chillicothe, Ohio.
It has been made by some gentlemen who have been excavating a mound in the neighborhood, with the hope of finding something worth exhibiting at the World’s Fair in Chicago.
If they have not succeeded in their utmost expectations, it is because their expectation reached infinity.
On Saturday, November 14th (1891), they were at work on a mound 500 feet in length, 200 feet wide, and 28 feet high.
At a depth of fourteen feet, near the center of the mound, they exhumed the massive skeleton of a man, which was encased in a veritable copper armor.
The head was covered by an oval shaped, copper cap.
The jaws had copper moldings, and the arms were dressed in copper. Copper plates covered the chest and stomache.
On each side of the head were wooden antlers adorned with copper.
The mouth was stuffed with genuine pearls of immense size, but much decayed by the ravages of time.
At the side of the male skeleton was found a female skeleton.
It is estimated that the bodies were buried where they were found, fully 600 years ago. But, is not 600 years a rather low estimate?
1892 – February 27th: Arizona Republican

Wheeling, West Virginia – While digging a grave on Trace Fork, Lincoln County, a few days ago, the bones of a human being of gigantic stature and proportions were exhumed.
The skeleton is in a good state of preservation, and the outlines of the frame sufficiently defined to determine that the stature of the person must have been nine or ten feet.
The skull and other bones also indicate a prodigious size.
No one now living has any knowledge of the grave or its occupant, and all indications point to its belonging to some prehistoric race of giants contemporary with the mastodon, fossil remains of which have been found in many parts of the country.
1892 – May 7th: The Washington Bee

A new skeleton has been found in the grottoes near Nice, on the Mediterranean.
A number of skeletons of prehistoric men and women have been unearthed during the last twenty years there.
One of them is that of a man, whose estimated height is at least 7 feet 9 inches, while another is the skeleton of a woman, 6 feet 3 inches tall.
The fact that in all discoveries of this character the remains have been of an unusual height would indicate a physical development in the human race which is not reached today

1892 - June 7th: The Otago Witness
(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
The discovery of three 'prehistoric' skeletons near Mentone (says the St. James Gazette), is certainly an interesting find.
The grottoes of Les Rochers Rouges have now yielded seven of these relics of antiquity.
The new skeletons seem to show that prehistoric man was tall.
The male skeleton is supposed to represent a man eight feet high.
The article continues, briefly describing a three-way legal battle between the various individuals who claim ownership of the remains and the 20+ caves associated with the site.

1892 – August 23rd: Pittsburg Dispatch

Beaver Falls – Workmen, while digging a ditch from the new shovel works to the river at Alquippa today, unearthed the remains of two skeletons.
They are of gigantic size, and are supposed to be the remains of two Indians.
They have been in the ground for many years, as the larger bones and skull only remain.

1892 – August 29th: The Helena Independent
Ruins Of A Prehistoric City Discovered Near Proctorsville, Ohio.

Skeletons of gigantic stature and remarkably well preserved and in large numbers, together with many curious instruments have been such common discoveries for miles along the river south of here as to attract slight attention.
An unusually large find of skeletons in a small space led T.A. Walton, one of the most learned men of the county, to investigate, and in a card to the Ironton Daily Register, cites authority for the statement that this town is located on the site of a prehistoric city, very like those of ancient Mexico.
It had streets paved with boulders and vitrified bricks, water service, stone and brick houses, baths, decorated pottery, ovens for preparing food, and many other signs of civilization.
Superficial excavations exposed the streets.
The houses have been leveled by some catastrophe, but hewn beams and carved stone are found in profusion.
A methodical, scientific search would reveal a world of wonders.
Most of the skeletons found in the superficial diggings have double rows of teeth.
The implements and ornaments found are delicately carved.
The field is a rich one.

1892 - October 3rd: The New York Times
(From the London Globe)
In the year 1890 some human bones of enormous size, double the ordinary in fact, were found in the tumulus of Castelnau, and have since been carefully examined by Professor Kiener, who, while admitting that the bones are those of a very tall race, nevertheless finds them abnormal in dimensions and apparently of morbid growth.
They undoubtedly reopen the question of the giants of antiquity, but do not furnish sufficient evidence to decide it.

1892 – October 26th: The Evening World
Well Developed, Mammoth Skeletons In An Indiana Mound.

Crawfordsville, Indiana – In gravel pit along the high bluffs of Sugar Creek, twenty-five giant skeletons have been exhumed, and the unburying of these mammoth bones is still going on.
The last skeleton taken out measured over seven feet in length.
The femur and the pelvic bones are twice as large as those of an ordinary man.

The grinning skull contained a perfect set of teeth, with enamel as beautiful as polished marble. The bones were perfect in every detail.
Of the number of skeletons thus far found, only two indicate immature development, the remainder representing the framework of a race of men evidently extinct for centuries.
This is certainly the first discovery of skeletons in which the characteristic development of giants has been observed.

1892 – November 22nd: The Morning Call
The Skeletons Of Three Gigantic Indians Found Near Templeton.

Mr. Vogel, while digging post holes near Vasa, found in one grave, the skeletons of three adults.
They were of immense size and evidently belonged to a gigantic race long since extinct.
The front teeth of the skulls are double.
In the hole were also found Indian relics.

1892 – December 3rd: Pittsburg Dispatch

Evidence that the Mound Builders were of more than modern size is secured by explorations in West Virginia.

1892 – December 24th: Perrysburg Journal

John Beal, while excavating at Richmond, Indiana, penetrated a grave of human skulls and bones.
The skulls are of gigantic size, and by measurements are thought to have belonged to a man who stood eight feet tall.

1893 - February 21st: The New York Times
About twelve miles below Fort Gaines, on what is commonly known as Mercier Place, is a mound which is said to be the largest known in the United States, and undoubtedly the work of the mound builders of former generations.
Whether it is the largest or not, it is a very large one, and deserves the distinction of being the boss one of Georgia.
It’s base covers more than two acres, and, running up at an angle of 45 degrees, it stands about 100 feet high.
Large oak trees several feet in diameter cover the sides and stand witness to the great age of the mound.
Many years ago, a gentleman had a small-sized well dug from the top down, into the heart of the mound, and among other things, found the jawbone of a man that would easily slip over the head of an ordinary man of this generation.
His explorations were very meager, and since then, nothing like any systematic search has ever been made.
Leading off from the mound, in the direction of the creek are ditches, at present time several feet deep. They were evidently used by the mound builders as secret ways of egress in case of attack.
The place is worthy of close and careful examination.
1893 - April 11th: The New York Times
Wide interest is manifested in the demolition of the famous mound in Walnut Grove, near Martin’s Ferry in this State.
The work of removal has been in progress two weeks, and at least two more will be required.
The earth is being used for street filling.
Human skeletons, skulls, bones, elk antlers, paleolithic engravings, and implements, arrow heads, spear heads, pale gray flints, cup stones, agricultural implements, granite hammer stones, sinkers, perforated stones, and other items have been found.
Some of the relics are entirely different from any in recorded history. Most of them are found near the bottom.
Some of the skulls are more than twice the size of the ordinary skull of present day.
Under one skull was found thirty-two darts, all pointing in one direction.
The further into the mound the workmen dig, the more interesting the relics become. It is believed that even more hidden treasures will yet to be found.
The major part of the stones found are different from any in the Ohio Valley. Some are really beautiful specimens.
Some of the human bones are in a good state of preservation, while others crumbled into dust when removed. All of the teeth are sound.
The article continues, describing the structure of the burial mound, and concludes with the observations that the builders of the mound, and the remnants within belonged to a race of people who were part of an extraordinarily advanced culture, of whom there is no known account. It is also speculated that the culture had to have consisted of an exceptionally large population, which seemingly vanished from historical record.

1893 – June 10th: The Ohio Democrat

The remains of a gigantic race of extinct human beings have been discovered near Vasa, Minnesota.
Each had double teeth in front as well as in the back part of the jaws.

1893 – July 10th: The Evening Bulletin

A skeleton of an Indian giant has been unearthed near Celina, Ohio.

1893 – July 13th: Edgefield Advertiser

Oaxaca, Mexico – Mail advices were received here today from the State of Chiapas, that a prehistoric city had been discovered in the dense forests near the line of Guatemala.
A party of men engaged in making excavations came upon the ruins.
A great many queer looking utensils, weapons and stone ornaments have already been unearthed.
In one of the buildings have been found the skeletons of several human beings. The skeletons measure from 7 to more than 8 feet in height.
No signs of metal of any kind have as yet been discovered.

1893 – October 18th: The Forest Republican

M. Le Cat, the French scientist, in his monograph on giants says:
At Dauphine, on January 11th, 1613, at a place known as Giant’s Field, a brick tomb thirty feet long, twelve feet wide, and eight feet high was discovered. When opened, it was found to contain a human skeleton entire, 25 feet long, 10 feet wide across at the shoulders, and 8 feet thick from the breast bone to the back.
His teeth were each about the size of an ox foot, and his shinbones each measured four feet in length.
1893 – October 26th: Owingsville Outlook

As Robert Carter, son of James W. Carter, of Middleboro, and a companion were exploring a cave near Tampico, they found several skeletons, among the rest, that of a giant.
The head, shoulders, arms, and thigh bones were complete; several of the teeth also remained in the jaws.
Most of the bones are petrified, and are as hard as flint.
The measurements of the thighs and head indicate that he must have been at least eight feet tall.
Considerable excitement prevails in that community over the find.
Mr. Carter will probably put it on exhibition.
1893 – December 20th: The Waco Evening News

While loading a barge with shells a few miles below Orange on the river bank, some laborers unearthed twenty human skeletons, and judging by the size of the bones, they were evidently men of giant stature.
Some of the bones of the forearm were almost the length of a man’s entire arm.
A small pot and pieces of broken pottery were also unearthed. The laborers claim that there were numbers of skeletons to be found on the shell bank. These bones were found almost four feet below the surface.

1894 – February 16th: The Wheeling Daily Intelligencer

Giant human tracks are said to exist in the solid rock at Rushville, Montana.

1894 - March 16th: Kendallville Standard

A few days ago, a mound was discovered on the Kentucky River, below Carrollton.
A party of men excavated it, and upon digging down for ten feet, were surprised to find three skeletons of gigantic size.
They were between two layers of ashes, with their heads extended towards the setting sun.
The bones were of monstrous size, and from the manner of burial, they were, beyond doubt, a relic of the mound builders, that ancient race who occupied this continent thousands of years ago.
The arms and the legs were literally covered with curious shaped beads, several of which were exhibited by one of the party who had discovered them.
1894 – April 15th: Fort Worth Gazette

It is reported that the skeleton of a prehistoric giant has been unearthed on the banks of the Bois d’Arc Creek, near Bonham.
1894 – April 19th: The Evening World

Some weeks ago a mound was discovered on the Kentucky River, below Carollton.
A party of men excavated it, and digging down for ten feet, were surprised to find three human skeletons of gigantic size. They were between two layers of ashes, with their heads extending towards the setting sun.
The bones were of monstrous size, and from the manner of burial, form of skeleton, etc., they were beyond a doubt a relic of the Mound Builders, that ancient race who occupied this continent hundreds of years ago.
The arms and legs were literally covered with curious shaped beads, several of which were given to us by one of the party who discovered the cave. The beads seem to be constructed from teeth of some ancient animal, and are in perfect condition.

1894 May 26th: The Wichita Daily Eagle

In an old Indian burial ground in St. Simon, Georgia, the remains of a warrior over 8 feet long were excavated recently.
A prehistoric human skull found at Anniston, Alabama, in 1890, measured 34 inches in circumference, just above the ears.

1894 – June 12th: The Record-Union

Eagan, South Dakota – A valuable prehistoric find in a mound has been discovered here.
A tomb has been uncovered lined with cement. In the tomb’s compartments were twenty-two male skeletons, averaging at least eight feet in height.
A rude altar and some cooking utensils were exposed.

1894 - August 24th: Bruce Herald

An American explorer has exhumed seven well-preserved mummies, discovered by him beneath the ruins of cliff dwellers’ houses in southeastern Utah.
This is the most important discovery of prehistoric remains ever made in that wild and inaccessible region.
These mummies are in an extraordinary state of preservation, which is accounted for by the entire absence of moisture from the atmosphere and earth in that district.
Among the collection is a male of giant stature, two females, and two boys.
They are not the bodies of cliff dwellers, but of some race who lived before them, as they were found beneath the ruins of the cliff dwellers’ habitations, and their hair is reddish instead of black, as with the cliff dwellers.
The bodies were covered with a very curious matting, or blanket of wool and feathers, then packed around with cedar bark.
So well preserved are the bodies, that it could be told that one boy had met a violent death.
The moustache is still on the face of the giant, and the course of the vein may be traced in the arm of the woman.
Local scientists are greatly interested, and all agree that they are the bodies of a race antedating the cliff dwellers.

1894 – September 27th: Daily Public Ledger

A dispatch from Cassopolis, Michigan, says that on opening a mound near Diamond Lake on Wednesday, a giant of a prehistoric race was unearthed. The bones of the skeleton are well preserved.
The lower jaw is immense; an ordinary jaw fits inside with ease.
By measurement, the distance from the top of the skull to the upper tip of the thigh bone is 5 feet 5 inches. A doctor who was present stated that the man must have been at least 11 feet high.
The mound was partially covered by a pine stump, 3 feet 6 inches in diameter, and the ground showed no signs of ever having been disturbed.
An earthen tablet, upon which were various unintelligible characters, and other relics were found.

1894 – September 27th: Democratic Northwest & Henry County News

Three skeletons, one that of a giant, was found in a mound near Springfield, Ohio.

1894 – September 28th: The Dalles Daily Chronicle (Oregon)

In a prehistoric cemetery recently uncovered at Montpellier, France, while workmen were excavating a water works reservoir, human skulls were found measuring 28, 31, and 32 inches in circumference.
The bones which were found with the skulls were also of gigantic proportions.
These relics were sent to the Paris Academy, and a learned savant, who lectured on the find, says that they belonged to a race of men between 10 and 15 feet in height.

1894 – October 31st: The Indiana State Sentinel

Workmen who were engaged in excavating gravel from a pit on Henry Henkee’s farm in Clinton township this week, found three well preserved skeletons of extraordinary size at a depth of twenty feet.
They had evidently been there for several generations, and are probably the remains of some prehistoric aboriginal.

1895 – February 23rd: The Daily Bulletin

A race of giants has been discovered in the South Sea Islands, inhabiting the island of Tucopra, about 150 miles east of Santa Cruz and north of the New Hebrides.

1895 - May 5th: Neihart Herald

A.D. Brooks of Deer River, Minnesota, found near the outlet of the Deer River, a flintlock gun, worn by action of water until there is but little of it left.
Beside it was a human skull and some of the larger bones of the body of a man, who in life, must have been of gigantic size.
The bones were little more than dust, and crumbled to pieces soon after being taken from their resting place.
The stock of the gun is carved black walnut. It’s barrel was badly bent, and so eaten by rust that it was filled with holes.

1895 – May 20th: Omaha Daily Bee

A Boone county farmer, while prospecting for subsoil, unearthed three human skeletons, all of heroic size, the largest measuring 8 feet.

1895 – July 30th: The Evening World
Explorations Of A Wonderful Cave In Arizona.

On the White River, eight miles from Camp Apache has been found a remarkable cave.
For 600 feet of the distance, the explorers were obliged to crawl on their hands and knees, using candles and bulls-eye lanterns for lights.
They found between 3000 and 4000 human skeletons, indicating the remains of persons who had perhaps been smothered to death by smoke many years ago. Some of them were in crevices just large enough to admit a human body.
The skeletons are of various sizes, some being very small.
The skulls are of a brown color, with the exception of a few that are white

1895 - August 17th: Tuapeka Times

 (From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
On the 15th of March, 1761, some miners at work in Cornwall discovered a stone coffin measuring eleven feet and three inches in length, and three feet nine inches in depth, which contained the skeleton of a man of equal proportions.
On the admission of the air, the skeleton moldered into dust, but a tooth remained intact; the tooth was two and a half inches long, and of proportionate thickness.
1895 – August 22nd: The Coconino Weekly Sun
In a mound near San Juan, Mexico, there has just been unearthed the skeleton of a giant man, who evidently belonged to a prehistoric race.
The length of the skeleton is 12 feet 7 inches.
1895 – September 13th: The Anaconda Standard
In 1881, when Professor Timmerman was engaged in exploring the ruins of an ancient temple of Isis on the banks of the Nile, 16 miles below Najar Djfard, he opened a row of tombs in which some prehistoric race of giants had been buried.
The smallest skeleton of some 60 odd, which were examined during the time Timmerman was excavating at Najar Djfard, measured 7 feet 8 inches in length; the largest was 11 feet 1 inch.
Memorial tablets were discovered in great numbers, but there was no record that even hinted that they were in the memory of the men of extraordinary size.
It is believed that the tombs date back to the year 1043 B.C.

1895 - October 5th: Boston Evening Transcript
The corpse of the biggest man that ever lived has been dug up near San Diego, California.
At all events, there is no satisfactory record in any ancient or modern history of any human being nearly so tall.
The mummy -- for in such condition the remains were found -- is that of a person who must have been 9 feet high in life. This makes allowances for a shrinkage which may be pretty closely calculated.
As to the accuracy in the estimate there can be no question, inasmuch as the cadaver has been carefully inspected and measured by Professor Thomas Wilson, curator of the department of prehistoric anthropology in the Smithsonian Institution, and other scientists.
The tape-line, even now, registers the length from head to heel, at eight and one half feet.
The mummy is that of an Indian, and is almost certainly prehistoric, though it’s age cannot be determined with any sort of accuracy.
Historical records of the part of California where it was found go back for at least 250 years, and they make no mention of any man of gigantic stature.
How much older the body may be, must be left open to conjecture.
It’s preservation is no matter for surprise. In that arid region, the atmospheric conditions are such that a corpse buried in the dry season might very well become perfectly desiccated before the arrival of the rains, and thus be rendered permanently proof against decay.
The body was found in a cave by a party of prospectors.
It is in an excellent state of preservation.
The spine has shrunk considerably, being thus reduced in length; the knees are somewhat bent.
Over the head are the remnants of a leather hood, which seem to have been part of a garment used for the purpose of a shroud.
The man was well advanced in years, as is shown by the worn condition of the teeth.
It has been stated that the individual must have surpassed in height any giant of whom there is historical record. This is true unquestionably so far as the last two centuries are concerned, and accounts of older dates are not at all well authenticated.
Indeed, they grow more and more apocryphal as distance of time increases, until they merge into the fabulous stories of antiquity, when there was no science or exact knowledge, and nothing was too incredible to be believed.
It is a fact that most races of men have entertained a notion to the effect that their own ancestors were giants.
An Austrian giant measured by Topinard was 12 and a half feet in height.
The tallest man of whom there is any authentic record was Winckelmeyer, who was measured by Doubes, and found to be exactly eight and a half feet high.
The largest woman that ever lived was Marianne Wehde, a German, who was a wonder of the last century.
Not more than four ‘properly-vouched-for’ eight-footers have dwelt on the earth in modern times.

1895 - October 31st: The Daily Signal
The village of Greenbush is certainly getting it’s quota of public attention just now.
Yesterday, all the talk was about the big gas well on the farm of Henry Jacquart, and today, the unearthing of a prehistoric giant is engrossing attention and causing much speculation.
The skeleton was uncovered by workmen in a gravel pit. They were at a depth of twenty-five feet when the cadaver was found.
It had been in the ground so long that most of it crumbled to dust when exposed to the air.
Several of the remaining bones were submitted to physicians and scientists, who claim that they are those of a man, who in life, must have stood taller than seven feet in height."
Work in the gravel pit is being prosecuted with the hopes that other specimens and relics of a forgotten age will be discovered.

1895 - November 18th: The New York Times

(From Anderson, Indiana)
While making excavations last evening, workmen opened a cave in the west part of this city.
It proved to be the tomb of twelve aborigines. The twelve skeletons were propped in a sitting position, with their faces toward the wall.
The bones indicated a race of men, much larger than the Indians of the present.
The cave was located near the famous Indian mounds.
1896 - March 8th: The New York Times
The mummy of one of the ancient cliff dwellers of Arizona, the first of undoubted authenticity ever discovered, has been found by a hunter, well known in Northern Arizona, John McCarty.
In a cliff dwelling on the Verde River, a dozen miles north of the mouth of the East Verde, he noticed that, when one of the walls was hit with metal, a hollow sound emanated.
This led to the discovery of a sort of crypt. In this crypt, the mummy was discovered.
It had evidently been propped up in a sitting position against the wall, though there were indications that the cliff dweller of long ago had been walled up alive, and there left to die by starvation or suffocation.
By the side of the mummy were found several bowls and a stone axe, and in the vault were picked up a dozen obsidian and flint arrow heads, several of them exceptionally large in size, and of rare workmanship.
The mummy, which weighs 21 pounds, was taken away by the finder on an Indian litter, dragged behind a burro until a wagon road was reached. It is currently now, in this city (Prescott, Arizona).
The body is that of a male, and is of unusually great stature.
The skin, which is broken in several places, is the color of dried beef. The trunk is perfect; the skin covering it being unbroken.
In the skull, however, lies the element of greatest interest.
The formation is entirely different from that of the typical of the ancient dwellers in the valleys of Arizona. The valley dwellers were Toltecs of almost Caucasian cranial features; the skull of the mummy, with forehead retreating from the nose and large rear development is of the Aztec type.
The teeth are entire and well-preserved, and protrude as in the canine tribe.
As the mummy showed signs of disintegration, McCarty has given it a light coat of varnish, preparatory to placing it an airtight, glass-covered box.

1896 - March 15th: The New York Times
(From San Diego, California)
Captain Drake, of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross, now stationed in this harbor, commands a veritable Fisherman’s paradise.
The experiences of these people aboard this craft have filled many volumes of Government reports. These experiences relate to the wonders of the deep. They have to do with the fish, the flora, and the fauna.
When Captain Drake states his ship has secured fish and other specimens at depths of miles below the surface of the ocean, which even at this moment puzzle naturalists, and belong to families of life of which scientists know absolutely nothing, these strange products from the bottom of the ocean are at once surrounded by mystery of fascinating interest, both to the scientists, and to the ordinary layman alike.
Anything in life’s affairs that are in any way imbued with the element of mystery, at once arouses increased interest in the minds of all observers.
Scientific discoveries in the last decade have proved this repeatedly.
Exceptional interest, however, is always attached to the strange and never before heard of specimens of the deep sea.
The workers on the Albatross long ago demonstrated to the ichthyologic world, the existence of fish which swim easily about, and enjoy life in such great ocean depths that the volume of water above them causes a pressure of thousands of tons of pressure.
At the ocean’s surface, it would require a ship’s armor of the heaviest type to withstand such a pressure.
One of these fish that was structurally weak, even in the slightest degree, could not live for a moment in the pressure sufficient to crush them into a shapeless mass in a twinkling, just as effectively as would a hundred ton hammer.
At these wonderful depths, and amid the strangest life now known to man, the dredge of the Albatross is operated day and night when the ship is at sea.
This dredge is nothing more than a big scoop, which is dragged along the surface of the ocean floor.
So fascinating is this work, that even the oldest seaman aboard the Albatross, men who have seen the sea depths thousands of times, are always eager to see it’s contents each time that it comes to the surface.
This fascination is experienced by the officers, as well as the men.
The tales that the seamen tell of strange finds are sufficient to stimulate speculation.
Not only does the dredge bring up living things, but also things believed to relate to bygone ages.
Matters of importance to anthropologists, geologists, and others who learn from the records imbedded in the earth’s crust that shine a powerful light on the past, not only concerning mankind, but also of the animal and vegetable kingdoms from the beginning of life.
The dynamic force of the ocean is the greatest known. It wears away continents. The pulverizations gradually finds a place on the lowest levels of the ocean, and here they are found by the dredge of the Albatross.
Curiosities abound amid the ocean’s debris.
Bones of extinct forms of life are found; some of the bones are puzzlers.
A human skull was once found; at least in shape in resembled a human skull.
Imagine the astonishment of the finders of this skull, when, upon turning it over, they found that on what would be the back of a normal shaped skull was a second human face.
The skull had the eyeless sockets, the nasal opening through the bone, and embedded in the upper jawbone was a tooth or two. The teeth seemed to be human molars.
This two-faced skull belonged to what?
All anthropologists of distinction are much puzzled over this find.
Of course, this singular relic may be a freak of nature. It was found at a depth of several miles.
How long this skull had been embedded in the ocean mud is a mystery.
Equally mystifying is the question as to where the skull came from.
It opens a wide field for speculation.
The fact that the skull is that of a mature being is evidence that, even if it was a freak of nature, it had lived to maturity.
Although science has discovered a number of examples of conjoined twins, there has been no instance of a single human head having two faces.
This skull from the ocean is said to have been of enormous size.
This however is not so strange, as it has been clearly demonstrated by anthropologists that prehistoric men were beings with very large skulls.
This double-faced skull was found off of the coast of Alaska.
It may therefore, after centuries of rest, and the perfect preservation of the ice of the frozen regions, have found it’s way into the open ocean.

1896 - March 22nd: The New York Times
(From the Phoenix Gazette)
J.A. Hansford, a well-to-do farmer living three and a half miles east of Phoenix, recently found the skeleton of an Aztec, a prehistoric man, one of the citizens who peopled this valley centuries ago, and placed it under a high state of cultivation, built cities, dug canals, and leveled the surface of the valley.
The discovery came by accident and was decidedly unexpected.
Mr. Hansford was plowing, and he encountered a spot where the earth would not yield to the steel plowshare.
As water is the element employed in such cases, a stream was turned on, but still the ground would not plow.
Like a good farmer, determined to make the spot yield, he tried a mattock and began to dig away the stubborn earth or cement.
Presently, something gave way, and soon a subterranean cavity was disclosed. This proved to be a room with walls of adobe. When this was cleared out, a soft spot was found in the cement floor about six feet from the fireplace.
Following this to a depth of two and a half feet, a human skeleton in perfect state of preservation, with teeth as natural as life, was disclosed.
The skeleton is six feet and six inches in length, strong, with a skull of regular shape and considerably above that of the average human being.
Near the skeleton was a pretty drinking cup, evidently left by the remains to follow the custom that prevailed with the mound builders through the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys.
Mr. Hansford did not care for the skeleton, so he reburied it; but, a Phoenix man was soon out, and he secured the trophy.
The sepulcher, or room, was evidently the living apartment at one time of the dead man, as there was a fireplace and other evidences of home life.
In the vicinity of Phoenix there are many evidences of old ruins; in fact, a part, if not all the City of Phoenix, stands on the ruins of a buried city and a fallen empire.
1896 – June 20th: The Cape Girardeau Democrat
Important Discovery In A Mound Near Springfield, Ohio
Some boys, while playing on Barrett’s Mound in the village of Spring Valley, southwest of here, discovered a number of human bones that had been unearthed by the upheaval of a tree during a wind storm.
Excavations were made, and four bodies were found resting in the ground where the tree had stood. All had been buried with the heads to the East, indicating reverence for the sun, and one was found in a reclining position.
One had been covered by mussel shells, but on being exposed to air, the shells crumbled to dust.
The skeletons indicate a people eight feet in height, and from relics and other indications, were apparently warriors, and belonged to some prehistoric race.
The skeletons were viewed by an immense throng of people.
When an attempt was made to move them, they fell to pieces.
Further excavations will be made.
1896 – June 27th: The Meridional
Jas. S. Trisler last week discovered a mound on his farm in Catahoula Parish, which was filled with skeletons and relics of a prehistoric race.
Many of the skeletons were of unusual height. One showed that the former owner stood at least 7 feet 3 inches in his socks.
A number of the human skulls were of extraordinary thickness, one of which showed the unprecedented thickness of nearly 1 inch.
1896 – August 22nd: The News Boy

Dr. J.M. Shutt, while exploring an Indian mound on the farm of Marion Thompson, in Huntington County, Indiana, on the 14th, unearthed a number of Indian skeletons, the largest being that of a giant 8 feet 2 inches long.
The skull is 5/8 of an inch thick.
1896 – September 9th: The Star
Giant Skeletons And Implements Found In Pennsylvania Mound.
Mound Builders work of great value is being uncovered at McKee’s Rocks, Pennsylvania.
Thomas Harper, who is superintending the work, believes that the specimens found recently are not less than 1000 years old, and proves that they were by the most ancient people that inhabited this country.
Bone awls or needles were included in the find, and Mr. Harper says they can partially be restored.
A tomahawk, which he regards as being not less than ten centuries old, was also found. The same kind of weapons are found in the British Isles. Mr. Harper says the weapon is similar in appearance to the ‘naloith’, which was used for striking.
The object is made of gneiss, and is considered an extraordinary discovery.
The bone implement, or fisher, is regarded by Mr. Harper as possessing unusual interest. This is the implement with which primitive men, as well as ancient people, made flint instruments.
Mr. Harper maintains that this last find proves that the mound was built by Mound Builders.
The specimens will be placed in the Carnegie Museum, in Pittsburgh.
Since this mound was opened a month ago, sixteen skeletons have been found, many of them being of gigantic size.
1896 – November 9th: Daily Public Ledger
Dug Out Of A Cellar On Elkwell Creek, Kentucky.
Skeleton Of A Man Eight Feet High.

John Winter, of Bell County, last week, while digging a cellar at his home on Elkwell Creek, excavated a giant mummy.
The mummy was that of a man wrapped in a winding cloth of skins. It was placed in a canoe-like coffin, and crumbled away upon being exposed to the air.
At the head of the giant were a stone hatchet and a few cooking utensils and a large hollow stone, which presumably contained food.
At his feet was a skin shield, which had also crumbled to dust.
1896 – December 11th: Kansas Agitator
The Tops Of Human Heads Sawed Off Before Burial.

A great deal of interest has been attracted to several finds of skeletons in the vicinity of Anderson, Illinois.
The most peculiar thing in connection with them is the fact that the top of the head had been sawed off, or in some manner removed.
Editor Biddle has a skull in his collection that would be a fair sample. The top of it had been sawed off when the body was interred; the top piece was found lying right next to the skull.
It had been taken off right above the ears, and evidently for the purpose of removing the brains.
The skeletons indicate that the people were of a much larger build than the present tall men and women.
Similar finds have recently been made in Montpellier, and together with the Indian mounds, a nice story is being put together by the theorists, who are of the opinion that the Mound Builders made it a practice of removing the brains of the dead for some purpose.
Some of the most remarkable finds that have been made in the way of skulls and skeletons have been brought to light around the Indian mounds. All of them have been found very recently.
The skulls are well-formed, indicating a superior race of aboriginal.
1897 – May 31st: Daily Public Ledger

Chillicothe, Ohio – Ten skeletons were found in two mounds by Dr. Loveberry, curator of the Ohio State University Museum; one was that of a giant, fully eight feet tall.
It is the most notable find yet.

1897 - June 22nd: The New York Times
(From Long Beach, California)
After nearly three weeks sojourn on the barren Island of San Nicholas, a party of relic hunters reached Long Beach today, loaded with skeletons, skulls, and ancient implements and ornaments of stones and shells, the remains of historic tribes.
The party found eighty-seven skulls buried in the sand of the island, but were only able to secure three entire.
They made one excavation twenty feet square, in which they found nine skeletons in a crouching attitude, as though men, women, and children had been buried alive.
In another place, they found the remains of hundreds of bodies that had been buried.
Evidence was found that the islands were inhabited by two or more different races, one of which was of great size; the peculiar characteristics being giant jawbones.
1897 – August 17th: The Evening Times
An Indian Giant And An Infant Turned Up At Burlington.

A remarkable find was made by workmen excavating for the road
around North Main Street bluff yesterday.
They turned up the complete skeleton of an Indian and an infant. The former was a giant of at least seven feet tall.
With the skeletons were found a silver armlet, a spear head, pipe, knives, beads, a bridle bit, and a quantity of silver and copper ornaments.
1897 – August 22nd: The San Francisco Call

(Ukiah, California) – The discovery of the bones of a giant in a rudely excavated hole in a limestone rock on the western side of Pine Ridge has aroused considerable interest among local anthropologists.
U.N. Briggs and Frank Patton unearthed the remains of what appeared to be a prehistoric man last week while out hunting on Pine Ridge.
It being quite warm, the hunters had sought a shady place at the base of a tall, limestone cliff.
They sat for an hour when Briggs poked under a rock and unearthed several bones; they appeared to be those of a human.
Upon closer scrutiny, it was discovered that the cavity in which the bones had been deposited was evidently the work of human hands. The walls had been cut with a sharp, pointed instrument, and the entrance to the tomb or sepulcher had, at one time, been closed up.
The hunters examined the tomb closely and found a number of bones of the feet and hands, and a portion of the skull.
The remains will be sent to the Smithsonian Institution.
1897 – September 23rd: The Beaver Herald

Trumbull, Connecticut – Workmen engaged in digging an excavation under the Trumbull church unearthed yesterday a petrified giant, 8 feet in height and built in proportion.
Local experts say the mummy must be at least 150 years old.
It was found in a bed of quicksand twenty feet beneath the surface.
The body is in a good state of preservation, and appears to be that of an Indian.

1897 - September 25th: Boston Evening Transcript
(From Eldora, Iowa)
A party of relic hunters, exploring one of the numerous mounds in Black Hawk County, on Cedar River, east of here, has discovered in one of the graves, the skeleton of a prehistoric man who is far beyond ordinary size.
Stone implements, pottery, and arrowheads were also found in the mound.
Dr. E.C. Gaines, of Eldora, contemplates making some extensive explorations.

1897 - November 16th: Clinton Morning Age
There has just been received at the Maryland Academy of Sciences, the skeleton of an Indian over 7-feet tall.
It was discovered near Antictam.
There are now skeletons of three powerful Indians at the Academy, who, at one time, roamed over the state of Maryland, armed with such instruments as nature gave them, or that their limited skill had taught them to make.
Two of the three skeletons belonged to individuals, evidently of gigantic size.
The vertebrae and bones of the leg are as thick as those of a horse, and the length of the bones is exceptional.
The skulls are of fine proportions, ample, and with walls of moderate thickness, but of great strength and stiffened by a powerful occipital ridge.
The curves of the forehead are moderate and not retreating, suggesting intelligence, and connected with jaws of moderate development.
The locality from which these skeletons come is in Frederick County.
1897 – December 11th: Revelstoke Herald
Discovery Of An Ancient Giant’s Footprints In British Columbia.
Is He The Ancestor Of The American Race?
The Finder Of The Footprints,And An Ethnologist’s Calculations.
Heights Of All Of The Giants We Know Of.

Dispatches from Victoria, British Columbia, announce the discovery of a series of gigantic footprints in that province. They are apparently made by a human being, and if so, it is prima facie evidence of the existence of a race of giants on the Pacific Coast.
The footprints were found on the island of Victoria, near the town of Quatsino, on the west coast.
Their discoverer was John L. Leason, a storekeeper of the town, and a man of intelligence. He reported the find to Captain Ford, of the steamer Mischief, who repeated his account to the members of the Provincial Historical Society.
They were satisfied of its interest and importance, and a party was sent out to make an investigation.
It appears that Leason was walking at some distance from town when his curiosity was aroused by a strange depression in a large flat rock that lay before him.
The depression at once suggested a human foot, but it was of enormous size. There was a well-marked hollow where the heel would have been, and a very faint depression indicated the arch of the foot. The ball of the big toe and the rest of the forward part of the foot were plainly to be seen.
Leason immediately proceeded to measure the print, and found that it was 29 inches in length. Its greatest depth was 4 inches.

Fascinated by the discovery, he carefully examined the vicinity.
At first he saw nothing which he could connect with the print, but after a few minutes he came upon another, almost identical. It was nine feet away from the first print. This was apparently the length of stride which the giant had been taking.
Following the direction indicated by these two prints, Leason found a number of others. They came to an end abruptly.
Leason, it is said, has already set to work to chisel out the first footprints which he found. He intends to ensure public recognition as its discoverer.
1897 – December 12th: New York Tribune

St. Paul – An interesting relic of prehistoric times has been discovered on the banks of the Chippewa River, in northern Wisconsin, just between Maple and Potato Creeks.
A party of hunters discovered three mounds at this spot, whose curious appearance and symmetrical construction at once indicated that they were the work of the Mound Builders.
The skull and leg bones of a human being were found close to the bottom of the mound, and were taken out in fairly good condition. The skull was as large around as a half bushel measure, and Dr. McCormick estimated the height of the man to be at least 9 feet 6 inches.
The skull and chest of another skeleton, much smaller than the first, probably a woman, was found beside the other.
While excavating, there was picked up a slender rod of copper, finely molded and as rigid as steel. The rod is about double the thickness of a shoemaker’s needle and nearly 13 inches long. So finely tempered is the copper that the strongest man could not break it.

1897 - December 20th: The New York Times
One of the three recently discovered mounds in this town (Maple Creek) has been opened.
In it was found the skeleton of a man of gigantic size.
The bones measured from head to foot over nine feet long, and were in a fair state of preservation.
The skull was as large as a half-bushel measure.
Some finely tempered rods of copper, and other relics were lying near the bones.
The mound from which these relics were taken is ten feet high and thirty feet long, varying in width between six feet and eight feet.
The two mounds of lesser size will be excavated soon.

1898 – May 5th: Dubuque Daily Herald
Workmen in the employ of the Ferguson Construction Company, excavating for the new Toledo & Ottawa Beach Railroad, a little beyond the limits of Toledo, unearthed three skeletons, evidently some relics of some giant race, as they were seven feet in length.
Just where the ears should be on the head, are singular bone protuberances which curl forward.
The finds were made in solid yellow clay, about eight feet below the surface.
The cut is through a large mound, not half of which has been torn up.
Several stone tomahawks of large size have been picked up in the locality.

1898 - December 30th: Lewiston Evening Journal
(From Miamisburg, Ohio)
A discovery of the greatest scientific interest was made when the pick-axes of Edward W. Gebhart and Edward Kauffman disturbed the long repose of a skeleton that had been buried for unknown thousands of years.
The body that once had proudly strode the earth, possessed of the living strength of the giant, with the bones recently found for it’s framework, was surely not of a race of which history has given us any record.
The skeleton is that of a human being, who, in life, must have been of immense size.
The face is almost gorilla-like in it’s angularity; the jawbones are tremendous, and the teeth have been pronounced by the local dentist to be as strong and perfect as any that he has ever seen.
A number of local practitioners, among them Dr. A.H. Blossom, Dr. Weaver, Dr. Bookwalter, and Dr. Schuler have examined the bones, and they unanimously agree that the find is no less important a one than the skeleton of a prehistoric man, who undoubtedly was one of the mound builders, the relics of whose sojourn in the Miami Valley have been so eagerly sought by the archaeologists all over the country.
The splendid condition of the teeth has caused the doctors to conclude that the prehistoric man was a root-eater, for no masticator of meats could have retained to the estimated age of the man, the perfect molars with which the jaws are fitted.
The skull itself is like no skull that any living man carries around on his shoulders, in that it is extraordinary in size and in contour.
The discoverers of the skeleton were digging gravel in a pit about a half mile from the town, when the pick of Gebhart struck the skull.
A careful investigation by the two men, who had previously made discoveries of mound builder relics, knew enough of the importance of the find to set about unearthing the rest of the bones, forming an almost complete skeleton.
The body had evidently been buried in a seated posture, for the knees were drawn up and the head had fallen between them.

1899 - January 17th: The Middleton Signal
The skeleton of a giant found near Miamisburg is the cause of much discussion, not only among the curious and illiterate, but among the learned scientists of the world.
The 'New York World' tells the story of it’s discovery as follows:
The body of a man more gigantic than any ever recorded in human history, has been found in the Miami Valley, in Ohio.
The skeleton, it is calculated, must have belonged to a man 8 feet and a half inch in height.
It was found within a half mile of Miamisburg in a locality which contains many relics of the mound builders.
Edward Gebhart and Edward Kauffman discovered it while they were working in a gravel pit. Kauffman struck a hard substance with his pick, and examining it, found it to be a skull.
When they unearthed the whole skeleton and finally realized it’s size, they were aghast.
The skeleton is of prehistoric age, being fossilized.
It’s giant proportions present a puzzling problem to archaeologists. The old theory of tradition that there were giants in the early days of the earth has long been discredited.
It is a fact generally agreed that prehistoric men were little, dark, monkey-like, hairy creatures, considerably smaller than those of the present day.
The prehistoric giant seems evidence of the opposite state of affairs. He is clearly a man, and a very well-formed and very well-proportioned one, as to his limbs.
His skull is of extremely low order, being but a shade higher than Pithecanthropus Erectus, found in Java. It is far below that of the most degraded, living type. The prehistoric giant must have had a head not differing greatly from a gorilla.
In stature, however, he was far bigger, and also better formed.
The skeleton was found interred in an upright posture, with the knees doubled up, and the skull dropping between them.
The jawbones are intact, and show that their possessor was patterned in the most powerful fashion. The teeth are models of strength and beauty of form.
Dr. Harlan, a dentist of Miamisburg, examined the teeth and declared them to be as fine a specimen as any he had ever seen. Other doctors have also examined the teeth and the skeleton.
It is the opinion of the scientists who have carefully examined the skull, that the man must have been a vegetarian, a root eater, as the teeth would not have been found in such perfect condition after the lapse of centuries, had their owner been a masticator of meats. The molars appear to be as fit for use today as they were hundreds of thousands of years ago.
The orbital plates are strongly marked, and the whole appearance of the skull is the oddest.
A Middleton man offered a fancy piece for two of the molars,which he intended placing in his jaw where his own have decayed and could not be secured.
The body was not the only relic of interest to those engaged in scientific research found in the pit.
A small, flat stone, about three inches long and two inches wide was discovered in the opening. It lay within a few inches of the skull of the prehistoric man, as the local examiners insist the find should be termed. Through one end of the stone had been drilled a small hole, possibly intended to be used as an opening for the fitting in of a handle.
It is pointed out by those who have had their theory of the species of the discovery questioned, that the stone, so evidently the work of human hands, clearly indicates that the skeleton was that of a man, and not a mammoth monkey.
The bones have been placed on exhibition, and many are the curious sight-seers who have passed in wonder before them.
It is claimed by residents of the Miami Valley, that a prehistoric race once inhabited the region, and had erected the largest mound in the country, leaving as evidence of their presence, fragments of pottery and stone, and pieces of a woven cloth made of bark.
Professor Thomas Wilson, curator of prehistoric anthropology at the Smithsonian Institute, says of the find:
The authenticity of the skull is beyond any doubt. It’s antiquity is unquestionably great, though it is impossible to give a good guess as to it’s age.
To my personal knowledge, several such crania were discovered in the Hopewell group of mounds in Ohio, exhibiting very monkey-like traits.
The jaws were prognathous (projecting beyond the face), and the facial index remarkably low.
With these remains, we found thousands of objects illustrating the extent of prehistoric commerce in this country; shells from the southern coast, mica from Virginia, copper from Lake Superior, and volcanic glass from the Rock Mountains.
1899 – April 13th: The Bryan Times
Found In A River Bank, Tomahawk At His Side.

Brownstown, West Virginia – A remarkable discovery was made by Harry Berry, a teamster, near the wharf landing.
The recent flood had washed away a portion of the bank at that point and exposed to view a skeleton, which when dug out of the bank was found to be of enormous size.
The skeleton was evidently that of an Indian.
A pipe and tomahawk were found by his side.
The skeleton is in a fair state of preservation, and is 14 feet in length.
The skull, jaws and teeth of the red man were well preserved.

1899 - August 23rd: Mansfield Daily Shield
Laden with relics of the cliff dwellers, Rev. Dr. George L. Cole has returned to Los Angeles from a journey to the ruined cities of southeastern Colorado and New Mexico.
Valuable results were secured by excavations in an ancient, communal dwelling, as yet unnamed, which stands on the cliffs of the Santa Fe River, 14 miles from Espanola, N.M.
There were not less than 1600 rooms to the larger building in it’s prime. It was 240 feet by 300 feet; Dr. Cole estimates that from 4800 to 6000 people lived in the pueblo.
Among the bones taken from the burial mound was a woman's femur, 19 inches long, showing a giantess that stood 7 and a half feet tall.
1899 – September 10th: Marietta Daily Leader

Akron, Ohio – Bones of a prehistoric giant have been found in a newly discovered cave in the quarry near here. Also, the bones of a bear were discovered.
The human bones of the giant are of great value to scientists, as the man must have been well over eight feet in height.

1899 – October 6th: Essex County Herald

It has recently been made public that a find of incalculable value to science was made at a stone quarry three miles northwest of Akron, Ohio.
The find consists of the skeleton of a gigantic man, believed to have lived in prehistoric times, and relics of a time when civilization was just beginning to dawn.
In clearing away refuse, quarrymen, according to the Cleveland Plain Dealer, found the almost complete skeleton of a man.
The skull was entire, and the lower jawbone of such proportions as to easily fit over the outside of the jaw of the largest modern man. Vertebrae were found, as were also ribs and femurs and the large pelvis bone, which was broken in two.
It is believed the man must have been at least 10 feet in height.

1899 - October 26th: Aurora Daily Express
Workmen terracing King Hill, an old landmark of northwestern Missouri, which is to be converted into a residence suburb of St. Joseph, have unearthed a prehistoric cemetery.
The remains of a race of dwarfs not allied with any tribe known to have inhabited this territory, and unaccounted for by Indian legendary repose, on the summit of King Hill, which rises abruptly from the Missouri River bottom, to a height of 600 feet, at a point just north and distant about 300 yards from the packing house district and stockyards of South St. Joseph.
A feature remarkable in itself, and especially marked in connection with the dwarfish remnants of prehistoric man found in the summit, is the discovery of human bones, evidently of a giant, more than 7 feet tall and big boned, says the Chicago Record.
Low, flat heels, with small intelligence and marked animal propensities characterized this people. Heavy jaws and strong, well-preserved teeth carry the records of their lives forward.
Brutes, human but inhumane; self-reliant, they were savages of a lower order than any we know of today. Yet, they honored their dead.
Shells, such as are found on the banks of many inland streams, plentiful on the sand bars of the Missouri, overlooked by King Hill, and stones of unusual hues, worthless in the commercial marts of today, the playthings of children, were deposited in the graves; collections gathered in memory of those unknown, even in race, to the historians of today.
The ravage which time has wrought has left but fragmentary parts of the skeleton, which crumble into ashes upon being exposed and through handling.
The big plows and scrapers, with the trampling of horses, usually crush the brittle forms, until it is difficult to restore them to human semblance.
One of the plows recently overturned a bunch of human hair, which, however, fell to pieces upon being handled.
As preserved, it presents the unmistakable evidence of hair from the head of a human being, although much of it has fallen into a fine powder.

1899 – October 27th: Dakota Farmers’ Leader

S. H. Elliott of Brainard Township, Brown County, has recently opened an Indian mound on his farm and found many interesting relics and Indian remains.
The skeletons of nine persons have thus far been exhumed, and judging by the size of the bones, some of them must have been over seven and eight feet in height when alive.
The bodies appear to have been doubled backwards when buried.
Several pipes and flint arrow heads have also been found near the bones.
The earth of which the mound is formed appears to have been carried some little distance.
1899 – December 28th: The News-Herald
Contractor Unearths A Human Frame With Horns On Its Head At Medway, Ohio.

Edward Ryan, who has the contract for building the Dayton, Springfield, & Urbana electric road, found the skeleton of a human being in a gravel pit near Medway, Ohio, the other day which is attracting attention.
The skull contains four horns; two on each side of its head.
They are uniform in size, and extend out about 2 inches in length, and are situated above and below the ears. Those above the ears turn upwards, while those below turn downward.
The skull is fractured on the right side of the head, indicating that the being had been killed by a powerful from a sharp instrument. The skull is also about three times as thick as a white man’s, and is as large.
It was at first thought that the skeleton was that of an Indian, but the horns suggest that it came from a race of people who inhabited these parts before the Indians.
Another skeleton was found in the same pit, but the skull on it did not possess horns.
1900 – August 2nd: The News-Herald

A few days ago, on the A.B. Albin farm, near Adelphi, Ohio, a mammoth human skeleton was found in a gravel bank under two feet of earth.
The skeleton was carefully measured and showed that its original owner had been nearly 10 feet tall.
The clavicle was peculiarly shaped, and the skull was of great thickness.
Besides the skeleton was found a bone awl, an arrow, and other
implements of bone

1900 - December 8th: L’aibeille de la Nouvelle Orleans
The fossils of three human beings, evidently prehistoric giants, were found near Monteseno, Missouri the other day by C.H. Beehler, a farmer, at the depth of forty feet.
The size of the skulls indicates that the bodies must have been at least ten feet high, and the bones, resembling those of a human skeleton, seem to bear out this theory.
Beehler has quite a collection of fossil relics which he has found at various times in this vicinity, which is alive with them.
He is confident that he has discovered the missing link, and intends to submit his find to the professors of Washington University in St. Louis, to see if they sustain his theory.
Fossils of mastodons and animals extinct for centuries have been found in this vicinity by people who were plowing or digging wells.
It seems to be a regular graveyard for 40 miles around for prehistoric bones which indicate the enormous size of the animals which once roamed the land.

1900 - December 12th: Arizona Weekly Journal-Miner
The Jerome News gives an extended account of the alleged finding of a mummy in the United Verde Mine.
The finding of a mummy is a possible thing, but this alleged discovery coming so closely on the heels of the finding of the bogus petrified man, will make the story to be received with a large decoction of salt.
After giving a very plausible account of the discovery, the News spoils the story, by claiming it to be of Montezuma, the Aztec chieftain. The plausible story of the find, as given in the News, is as follows:
The finding of a mummified man by workmen at the United Verde Mines on Monday, December 3rd, created some little excitement in Jerome.
The body is that of a man who, during life, was a giant; at least everything surrounding the find would signify that such was the case, as beside him was found a firearm, somewhat similar to the shotgun used at present time, but so large, and of such weight, that the average man of today could not pose it for shooting.
Beside the gun, there were found near him, working tools, all of which were manufactured and tempered copper, showing that the man must have been buried over 3000 years ago -- during the first age of copper.
The body is well-preserved, but has evidently shriveled, yet many of the important parts have undoubtedly remained their natural size.
The numerous articles found with the body would signify that he was a king of some renown.
The find was made in a cave exposed by the late caving in of the Verde Mines.
It was with wonder and awe that the workmen first entered the cave and handled the relics, which must have been laid away centuries ago.

1901 - January 15th: The Evening News
A strange story of the suffocation of an entire village of cliff dwellers about 4000 years ago is told by Sergeant George E. Price, of the local recruiting station.
In picturesque Arizona, among the White Mountains, not far from Fort Apache, the peculiar race of little climbers once reigned supreme.
Among the almost inaccessible cliffs of red sandstone, they lived like fugitives in natural fortresses.
The caverns they once inhabited are, today, as they were centuries ago, and in many cases, have never been trodden by human foot since the death of their ancient inhabitants.
The petrified remains of 400 prehistoric little people were found by Sergeant Price in a vast cave.
The Apache Indians who now inhabit that district, regard the cavern with superstitious dread, and cannot be induced to enter the gloomy portals.
No white man had ever set foot there before Sergeant Price, and he found it’s contents undisturbed.
During the spring of 1899, when he was with Troop G of the Seventh Cavalry, and stationed at Fort Apache, in his researches about the country, the young soldier discovered a great cave village, with it’s strange legend.
A few miles east of the fort, on the White River, rise some immense cliffs of red sandstone. From the glistening stream, the cliffs rise almost perpendicularly to a sheer height of 800 feet." Crevices and little ledges of rock form the only footholds for the daring climbers.
While fishing for trout one day, Sergeant Price noticed high upon the cliff, a black hole.
Believing it to be a cave, he at once determined to scale the cliff, and several soldiers volunteered to accompany him.
The ascent was exceedingly hazardous and difficult, but after a long climb, they reached the hole.
Jutting out from the face of the cliff was a natural shelf about eight feet wide and twice as long. Just back of the ledge was the entrance to the ancient cave.
Under the sergeant’s leadership, the party entered the cave with torches and lanterns.
They explored more than four and a half miles of passages and corridors.
Many people had once inhabited the winding passages of the cave village.
The soldiers penetrated into the furthermost recesses, and found a big council chamber, far back in the interior of the cliff.
As the flickering light of the torches pierced the gloom of the large room, the gruesome scene was revealed.
Huddled together on the cold, damp floor of stone, as if for mutual sympathy and protection, lay the ghastly skeletons of over 400 little cliff dwellers, petrified by their exposure during the ages past.
A short distance apart from the others lay the frame of the chieftain, leaning against the wall opposite of the entrance to the room. His skull was resting upon his breastbone, just as he had died.
It seemed to the discoverers that he had, perhaps, died the last of them all, and before his spirit had fled, taken a final look at his people. Then, his chin sank upon his breast and the people of the White Cliff were no more.
Scientific observations of these people showed that they had lived about 4000 years ago.
Sergeant Price began a systematic questioning of old Indians, and at length, adroitly secured the legend of the cavern.
Many, many hundreds of years ago, he was told by the red-skin sages -- and to express their idea of the number of years, they tossed up hands full of sand into the air -- the small men lived in the cliffs.
They were at war with other small men who lived at some distance. Battles were frequent, and the tribe which occupied the White River cliffs was worsted.
Many of the best warriors were slain by the clubs and arrows of the enemy.
Retreat finally became necessary, and the defeated men hastily ascended the beetling cliff to their home near the summit.
Once within the great cave, they felt themselves secure from the attacks of the enemy.
They carried with them such scanty supplies as they could quickly scour, and they hoped that, in case of siege, their corn would last until the siege was raised.
Swarming up over the ledge to the entrance to the cave came their enemies. Several they killed, but were soon driven back from the entrance.
Wonderingly, they crouched within it’s portals.
The assailants brought up quantities of wood and piled it up about the hole in the cliff face.
Then, they kindled a huge fire, and never suffered it to abate in fury.
For a fortnight, the vigilance never slackened. At length, the revengeful army retired, leaving a great pile of ash upon the ledge.
No one dared to enter the cavern, and having accomplished their grim mission, they departed from the section.
What agonies the cliff dwellers must have suffered as the pangs of hunger grew keener and keener, and always at the only exit, the saw the blazing pile.

1901 - January 31st: The Evening News
(From Hartford, Connecticut)
Numerous relics of a destroyed Indian village have been found on the farm of John A. Gray, near Shielder.
An entire skeleton of an Indian giant has been dug up, together with many other human bones, curious copper and stone implements, and crude ornaments.
The thigh bone of the giant’s skeleton is twice as large as that of an ordinary man.
The relics were found in a gravel pit, at a depth of twenty feet.
People in large numbers are flocking to the scene of the discovery.
Farmer Gray believes that a vast treasure of gold will be found, and he is guarding his property.
1901 – February 11th: The Times (Wash., D.C.)

Muncie, Ind. – What appears to be the remains of a village of earlier civilization of America was discovered at a depth of seventeen feet on the farm of John S. Gray, residing nine miles north of this city, and the discovery is attracting the attention of people from miles around.
Bones of several skeletons of a race of people, apparently of giant size, were found.
Almost all were in a remarkable state of preservation.
Besides these, there were a number of earthen bowls or pots, and several pieces of small iron rods, one bearing a handle of some unknown material.
The discovery was made at the bottom of a sand pit.

According to the size of the bones, the persons averaged a height of eight feet.
When asked relative to the discovery Mr. Gray told a remarkable story, which strangely coincides with the discovery, and which still renders the find all the more the mysterious.
He stated that several months ago, two strange men called at his home and asked permission to dig in the sand pit. They being strangers, permission was not granted. At this, the strangers said that he would rue the refusal as long as he lived, as there was an Indian village far beneath the earth’s surface, and nearby would be found a buried treasure in gold.
1901 – November 16th: The Minneapolis Journal

Middleton, New York - Hunters from Susquehanna, Pa., while excavating for a hunt near Shohola Glen, discovered a cave in which they found the skeleton of a man of gigantic size.
It was swathed in rawhide trappings that kept it in a sitting posture, the knees drawn up to the hands and clasped in a bony embrace with fleshless arms.
Near the skeletons were several bowls of reddish clay, almost as hard as flint. A stone tablet was found near the skeleton’s side covered with rude pictures of birds and beasts, among them, one of a monster half-beast, half-reptile.
A number of implements were also found in the cave, among them a huge ax made of stone, and stone spearheads of unusual size.

1902 - January 30th: The Deseret News
Santos Lopez came in from Chaperito today and reports that the country on the Mesa Rico is wild with excitement over the unearthing of a well preserved human giant in that vicinity.
Tradition had long whispered of the burial of such a human monster in that country, and Luciana Quintana organized a party of five persons to locate it.
They found it on the premises of Quintana’s ranch, the great grave being marked at the head and foot by roughhewn building stones.
The grave was 15 feet long, and 8 feet in width.
The body had been broken in order to make it fit into the grave, which was too short.
The forearm from wrist to elbow, measured 4 feet.
The jaw bone measured at 3 feet. Only the lower jaw was preserved, and in it was a tooth that was as large as a milking stool.
The ribs were enormous.
The five men who saw the grave opened, and who had measured the dead giant agreed that his chest measurement could not have been less than 8 feet.
Other rough tombstones indicate that thereabouts sleep other remnants of a race without a name, and without a history, written only in the bowels of the earth.

1902 - February 11th: The New York Times
Owing to the discovery of the remains of a race of giants in Guadalupe, New Mexico, antiquarians and archaeologists are preparing an expedition further to explore that region.
This determination is based on the excitement that exists among the people of a scope of country near Mesa Rico, about 200 miles southeast of Las Vegas, where an old burial ground has been discovered that has yielded skeletons of enormous size.
Luciana Quintana, on whose ranch the ancient burial plot is located, discovered two stones that bore curious inscriptions, and beneath these were found in shallow excavations, the bones of a frame that could not have been less than twelve feet in length.
The men who opened the grave, say the forearm was four feet long, and that in a well-preserved jaw, the lower teeth ranged from the size of a hickory nut to those of the largest walnut in size.
The chest of the being is reported having a circumference of seven feet.
Quintana, who has uncovered many other burial places, expresses the opinion that perhaps thousands of skeletons of a race of giants, long extinct, will be found.
This supposition is based upon the early traditions handed down from the early Spanish invasion, that have detailed knowledge of the evidence of a race of giants that inhabited the plains of what is now Eastern New Mexico.
Indian legends and carvings also in the same section indicate the existence of such a race.

1902 - March 8th: Evening Post
(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
Excavations in Southern Germany have apparently established the fact that, in prehistoric times, Europe was inhabited by pygmies.
Remains of a midget race have also been found in Switzerland, and in the Pyrenees.
The skeletons which have been found, are so small that they can be placed into an ordinary museum drawer.
None of them is longer than 55 inches, and many are much smaller.
1902 – March 25th: The Stark County Democrat

Findlay – What is believed to be the skeleton of a prehistoric giant was exhumed in a cave near this city, Saturday.
The bones, when properly placed, showed that the being was 9 feet in height, and proportioned identically with the human being.

1902 - August 16th: The Daily Signal
The skeleton of a prehistoric giant was exhumed near Bowling Green yesterday by a colored laborer, who was terrified at his find, and ran breathless to the nearest farmhouse and notified the neighborhood.
The skeleton, when placed together as it was in life, measured 9-feet in length.
The skull measures 12 inches in diameter, and there are two distinct rows of teeth in the massive jaw.
The bones are well-preserved with the exception of the pelvic bones, which are considerably decayed.
The bones were at first thought to be the remains of some giant Indian, but the shape of the head is not the shape of the skull peculiar to Indians; and the age in which the man lived is still in doubt.
The bones of the toes and fingers are remarkably well-preserved, and appear to have something resembling claws attached.
The arms of the giant measure many inches more than those of a man today, and were the lower limbs not so long, the skeleton would bear a close resemblance to a huge gorilla.
There is no wound visible on the bones, and that the man died a natural death is quite probable.

1902 - October 17th: Kentucky New Era
In Holy Writ, we are told that ‘there were giants in those days’.
Some of the giants evidently found their way to Kentucky and died here, says The Grayson Gazette.
Sherriff W.E. Cummings exhibited to us, the lower jawbone of a human being who must have been of extraordinary size.
The jawbone was recently sent to him by Honorable Charles A. Nelson, from Eddyville.
It was found there by workmen while quarrying rock for a new cell house for the Eddyville Penitentiary, and was found connected with the Quanto Mills at the earth.
Trees, three feet in diameter, were growing on the ground above it.
The bone is very large, and will slip over the jawbone of the largest men who can be found in this country.
Some seem to think that it belonged to an Indian of huge stature, or to some giants who lived, moved, and had his being in some prehistoric age.

1902 – November 27th: The Citizen (Berea, Ky.)

Five giant skeletons were found a few feet below the surface while excavating for a sewer in Petersburg, Kentucky.

1902 – December 27th: The Minneapolis Journal

La Grange, Indiana – A prehistoric graveyard has been unearthed on the farm of Solomon Hedrick, in Henry County.
A large number of human skeletons have been found, and all are 8 feet or more in height.
1903 – March 3rd: The San Francisco Call

Pendleton, Oregon – A human skull with horns savors of the prehistoric ages, but the presence of one on the farm of Thomas Adkins, eight miles south of here, is evidence that such queer things still exist.
Adkins decided to search a heap of stones piled up cairn-like on the farm near McKay Creek. The heap had been there as long as the oldest settlers could remember. With another, Adkins threw aside the pile and found underneath, stones built in a grave like form. With much labor, they began to pull these up.
Three feet down, a skeleton came to light. It belonged to a short, heavy-set being of the human species. The back joints were very heavy. The skull contained extremely prominent jawbones with strange, wide teeth.
Strangest of all, horns about 2 inches long projected from the side of the head.
No one can explain the phenomenon.

1903 - March 15th: The New York Times
Workmen grading the Tenth Avenue extension through the northernmost end of Manhattan Island during the past week have unearthed portions of about a dozen ancient, human skeletons in a little knoll about where 211th Street will some day run.
Some were nearly complete, but of others, only the larger bones remain.
They appear to have been interred in an upright position, with the heads about three feet from the surface.
Measurements of one skeleton indicates that the man it represents was more than 7 feet tall.
An old cannonball was found in, or near, one of the graves.
Each body rested beneath an uncut stone set endwise. Many similar stones nearby as yet undisturbed, indicate that more bones will be found.
The position of the skeletons, the shot, and other strange details gave rise to many gruesome theories in the neighborhood, of which one idea of convicts being buried alive in chains, and another of Indians are fair samples.
Walter R. White, a contractor at Amsterdam Avenue and 213th Street, who has lived in the area all of his life, declares that it was a well-known fact in his childhood that the knoll was an old burying ground for the slaves of the old Dyckman, Vermilye, and Hadley families, whose estates were thereabout, and who themselves are buried in a little historic cemetery close at hand.
Several of the best preserved skulls have been pronounced to be those of Negroes, bearing Mr. White’s story, which is also confirmed by other old residents of the neighborhood.
Captain Flood of the Kingsbridge Police Station had directed the old bones be decently reburied, but, nobody has so far deemed it incumbent upon himself to obey, and the bones, such as have not been carried off by relic hunters, lie in a confused mass in an old soapbox near the scene of the work.
August Denier, a contractor digging the foundation for a house next to his own, on Lebanon Avenue, near Bronx Park Avenue, reported yesterday afternoon that his men had found the skull and leg bones of a man who was at least six feet in height, who had been buried about two feet below the surface. The rest of the skeleton could be faintly traced through the soil.
Coroner’s Physician Curitin examined them and said they were very old.

1903 - June 22nd: The Colonist
(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
The remains of several gigantic human beings have been found in some caves near Grimaldi, the property of the Prince of Monaco.

1903 – July 3rd: The Indianapolis Journal

Bones Of A Prehistoric Man And Woman Found In A Mound.
Both Were Nearly Nine Feet High When Alive.
Fossils And Remains Of Animals Also Found.

Big Timber, Montana – Wonderful finds of fossils and bones of prehistoric animals are being made in the Fish Creek country by Professor Marchus S. Farr, and a party of students from Princeton College.
The party is composed, in addition to Professor Farr, of C.D. Thompson, Laurence Thompson, S.A. Halsey, Gordon Forbes, Walter Kimball, Charles H. Dugro, and L.S. Adsitt.
The remains of a stone-age city have been found in which the bones of animals of great size, along with stone implements of all kinds, many of which are ornamented with gems.
In a mound near the creek were found almost the complete skeleton of a man. The bones showed that the man, when alive, measured nine feet in height, and was of powerful build.
Nearby was the skeleton of a woman, a trifle smaller in size, and at the foot was the skeleton of an animal that resembled a dog of today, except that the animal must have been the size of a small horse.

1903 – August 28th: The Coalville Times
Lifted Intact, But Relic Hunters Break It Into Fragments.

The complete skeleton of a human giant has been found at Holbeach, a little Lincolnshire fen town, between Lynn and Spalding, during excavations for the foundations of two new houses.
Every bone was in perfect condition, and not a tooth was missing, but it was soon broken into fragments, and several townspeople seized sections as mementos.
The skeleton measured 7 feet 2 inches in length.
A curious key, five inches long with a triangular handle was found near the bones.
Stukeley, the famous antiquary, who was born at Holbeach, records that at the spot where the discovery has just been made, a Roman Catholic chapel, dedicated to St. Peter, formerly stood.
Other human remains have previously been unearthed on the same spot.

1903 – September 9th: The Washington Times

Pittsburgh – While workmen were engaged in blasting a tree in West Liberty borough, the body of a petrified man was unearthed, who in life must have been 10 feet in height.
Hundreds of persons have flocked to the scene to view the strange spectacle.
Alum and sulphur springs in the vicinity are said to have probably petrified the body.

1903 – November 22nd: Arizona Republican
The Remains Of A Giant Found In The Ruins South Of Town.

The ruins a few miles south of Tempe have been the source of much pleasure to those interested in such things in times gone by, and a great many interesting and curious relics have been found there; but for the last few years little has been done, as it was thought nearly everything had been dug up that was of value.
But, recently June Roseberry and Leonard Cochy, who live near there, have been putting in their spare moments on one of the large ruins on the poach, and their efforts have not been altogether in vain.
Tuesday, they came upon the remains of a huge skeleton in perfect condition. The peculiar part of it was its extreme size.
The skull in particular was much larger than that of the ordinary man.
There was a perfect set of teeth, and the rest of the bones were likewise.
A great many skeleton have been found in that vicinity, but none have ever equaled this one.
The parties are still working on the ruin, and are in hopes of finding more relics.

1903 – December 31st: The Evening News
Captain Newton H. Crittenden, the explorer and lecturer, has proved the theory that he has held for some time that this neighborhood was formerly the home of a race of giants, by finding the bones of one of the species.
Captain Crittenden refuses to reveal the burial ground of this prehistoric man, but admits that it is somewhere in one of the old Indian mounds of West Berkeley.

1904 - January 14th: The Evening News
(From Winnemucca, Nevada)
Workmen engaged in digging a gravel pit here, have uncovered, at a depth of twelve feet, a lot of bones that once were part of the skeleton of a giant human being.
Joseph Rougon, who was in charge of the work, examined the bones, and at once decided that they were those of a man or woman.
They were taken to Dr. Samuels, who examined them thoroughly and pronounced them to be the bones of a man, who must have been nearly 11-feet in height.
The metacarpal bones measure four and a half inches in length, and are large in proportion.
A part of the ulna was found, which in complete form would have measured nearly 18 inches in length.
The remaining parts of the skeleton are being searched for.

1904 - September 7th: The New York Times
While a gang of men in the employ of the New York and Harlem Railroad were taking sand from an immense mound near Purdy’s Station today to fill in an excavation, unearthed several skeletons of unusual size.
The bones are believed to be those of Indians who once lived in this vicinity, and belonged to a tribe that was led by the great Chief Teekus, from whom the Titicus Valley, now a part of the New York watershed, takes it’s name.
Besides finding the bones, the workmen also exhumed a score or more of arrowheads, hatchets, and copper implements.
It is believed that the large mound in which the relics were found was once the burying ground of the Teekus Indians. The last Indians were seen in the valley a short time after the Revolutionary War.
The bones found today were brought to Katonah, and will be interred in the local cemetery.

1904 - October 18th: The Evening News
An archaeologist now conducting a research in the vicinity of the government reservoir at Tonto Basin has found the mummies of two children, six years of age, whose leg and thigh bones are only 4 inches in length.
The doors to the prehistoric cave dwellings of these people are only three feet high.
On the floor beside the mummies, he found beautifully woven sandals, and exquisite embroidery on materials of silk.
These things may have been obtained through trading.
He also obtained many crude hieroglyphs and paintings that had been executed with an indestructible, metallic paint.
One of these paintings shows one of their own people attacking a man of larger stature with a spear, which he can only lift to the larger man’s knees.

1904 - November 25th: Mansfield Daily Shield
(From Dayton, Ohio)
The skeleton of a human giant was found in the gravel pit, east of the city by W.C. Fry, the owner of the pit.
He found that it measured 9-feet in length.
The skull was six times larger than that of the average Caucasian.
Professors Metzler and Foerste of the Steele High School believes the bones are those of a member of the primeval race.

1904 - December 19th: The New York Times
(From Philadelphia)
After a year’s visit to the land of the Eskimos, Captain Christian Jensen, of the cryolite bark Silicon, arrived last night at his home here.
The homeward trip from Ivigtut Bay, Greenland, began on October 4th.
A strange tale is told by Captain Jensen, of a remarkable race of giants, some of whom visited the Eskimos and Danes at the mining settlement of Arauck, ten miles from Ivigtut Bay.
These people had never before been seen, even by the Eskimos.
They are copper colored, and are seven, eight, and even nine feet tall. In features, they resemble the American Indians.
These strange people, said Captain Jensen, represented to the Eskimos a traditional, almost legendary tribe of giants, stories of which had been handed down to them until they regarded the race as mythical.
They cannot speak the language of the Eskimos, and could only make known by signs that they had been driven from their homes in the interior by great storms and severe, cold weather.

1904 - December 25th: The New York Times
The most interesting, if not the most important, discovery made in recent times in arctic journeying, is recounted by Captain Jensen of the cryolite bark Silicon, whose home port is Philadelphia, and who has just returned from a cruise in Greenland waters.
He tells of a race of giants seven, eight, and even nine feet tall, having their habitat in those far northern and practically inaccessible regions.
Some of them visited the Eskimos and the Danes at the mining settlement of Arsuck, a short distance from Ivigtut Bay.
There was a legend of such a people among the Eskimos, but in recent generations, none of them had been seen until these late visitors made their appearance.
In color and contour of features, they were like North American Indians. They had a language of their own, with no knowledge of the Eskimo dialects, and were obliged to express their meaning as well as they could by signs.
Their tale was that they had been driven from their homes in the far interior by great storms and cold weather.
It is thus made apparent, not for the first time in the story of exploration, that the race of the Anakim has not entirely vanished from the world. They still seem to subsist in ‘antres vast and deserts idle’, and to live out their own lives and build the fabric of their obscure histories in remote spots of the earth, away from the common currents of mankind, and only contributory to their records through the tales of travelers, which are often regarded as lies.
If a tribe, or many tribes of them, can be tucked away in interior Greenland unknown except for some dim, legendary surmise, century after century to their neighbors the Inuit, and to all the visitors of their country from foreign parts, there would seem no reason why their kind, in small tribal groups, protected by peculiar territorial and climactic conditions, should not subsist elsewhere, affording justification of the Bible declaration made in the morning time, that ‘there were giants in those days’.
Magellan and the early sailors southward, found something like them in Patagonia, not quite so lofty as the storm driven Greenland visitors, but high enough to awaken a profound ethnological interest, not in the least abated in the four centuries which have come and gone since their sterile coasts and country themselves, it’s towering inheritors, were discovered.
They have held the record for tallness ever since, but will have to give it up if the tale of Captain Jensen and his Eskimo informants is confirmed by further testimony.
One effect of this interesting report will no doubt be the settling in, in the direction of Ivigtut Bay, of a tide of showmen, drawn from all quarters, intent to capture one or more of these giants to be exploited for business purposes.
An individual, or a family of them, would make the fortune of any show, the outfit of Goliaths now on the boards fading into insignificance as soon as their Greenland rivals made their appearance.

1905 - July 10th: The Pittsburgh Press
The young Russian stripling, 9-feet 8-inches tall, who was found not long ago on the Siberian border, and speedily introduced on European show bills, revives interest in giants in general, and directs attention to the literature of those placid and innocent Brobdingnagians, who seem to keep up the line of their order with unfailing regularity.
There is a good deal of it when set into bibliographical array, but it is generally hidden away in dust-bins of oblivion, beyond the ordinary student’s explorations.
In 1718, a French scholar named Henrion published a work about giants, beginning with Adam (who he asserts stood at 123-feet 9 inches), and Eve (who is said to have been only 5-feet shorter than Adam.
But Adam’s descendants began to taper off from the beginning.
When they came to Noah, they had sheared down that celebrated navigator to the comparatively trivial stature of 27-feet tall.
Abraham was only 20-feet high, and Moses stopped at 13-feet, which is a dwarfish size in comparison.
After the great law-giver, the stature of mankind came down to the present average, in which there has been no marked change, except in individual cases, since the beginning of the historical and statistical period.
Now and then, a colossus arises out of a generation of pygmies, like the young Russian referred to, and now and then, a big skeleton is dug up, showing that nature has the obscure need of giants, and has never allowed the race entirely to die out.
In life, they are usually weak-minded, as well as frail of body, and as a rule, they do not live long.
Dwarfs, on the other hand, are often nimble, quick-witted, and stand a good chance at longevity.
An Austrian empress in the 17th-century took the whim to round up all of the giants and dwarfs in her empire, and turn them in together. Apprehension was expressed that the big ones would terrify the small ones, but, it was the other way. The giants were compelled to ask for protection from the impish tricks of the dwarfs, and they had to be separated before peace reigned over them.

1905 - August 8th: The Daily Guernsey Times
(From Dayton, Ohio)
In the gravel pits in the vicinity of Dayton, several giant skeletons have been unearthed.
The most interesting was that discovered in the pit at Edgar’s Woods.
The bones were those of a man of abnormal growth; the skeleton being remarkable for the great length of it’s arms; the left having been used as a pillow for the head when the body was buried.
The skeleton had probably been in the ground for centuries, as the bones crumbled when exposed to the air.

1905 – September 1st: New York Tribune
Two, More Than Seven Feet High, Found Near Fond-Du-Lac.

Two skeletons, each measuring more than seven feet in length, were discovered today in a gravel pit in Forest, near here.
The skulls are twice as large as those of an ordinary adult, and the thigh bones are six inches longer than those of a six foot man.
The bones are in a good state of preservation.
It is probable the skeletons, which are thought to be the remains of some prehistoric race, will be sent to Milwaukee for examination.

1905 – September 7th: Mansfield Daily Shield
Janitor Flora, of the university, while unloading a quantity of gravel this morning, was startled to find the lower jaw bone of a human being in the dirt.
It was of extraordinary size, and all of the teeth, except one, were in good condition.
The gravel was obtained from the farm of D. M. Neikirk, east of the city, and the bone is undoubtedly that of a very large Indian.
Mr. Flora and E. T. Huddle went to the Neikirk farm during the day to locate, if possible, the balance of the skeleton.

1905 - September 29th: The Ottawa Free Trader
The public appetite craves nothing as much as a riddle, a secret to guess. But, nowadays, every man's life is so bare, so exploited, and we live so much out of doors from the cradle to the grave, that very few facts or fancies can be kept hidden.
There were, however, certain mysteries, which during the last century the American public pondered and worried over, which are yet unsolved, and except by a few old people, are almost forgotten.
One of these, perhaps the oldest, is the question whether beneath the Atlantic, not far from the Bahamas, there is a sunken continent known to the Greeks as the lost Atlantis. It was still talked of familiarly in the first half of the last century. Seafaring men declared that when the water was calm and clear, they had caught glimpses of ancient cities beneath, with their glittering roofs and spires, and that in certain conditions of the atmosphere, the tolling of the bells could be distinctly heard.
Treatises were written by learned professors to prove the probability of the legend, and other treatises, as learned and vehement, to flout and jeer at it as an idle fable.
Certain flotsam and jetsam, which was washed ashore after heavy storms on the coasts of Georgia and Florida -- logs of strange woods unknown to this generation, coins, bits of carved marble and beaten brass -- was ascribed to the long dead workmen of Atlantis.
The lost colony is now known only as the subject of an ancient fable, but years ago, it was by most educated people, believed to be an actual fact.
Another much discussed mystery then, was what had become of the colony of civilized people, who at the time of the settlement of the country, lived on the western coast of Greenland.
That country is, as you will see by a glance at the map, shaped something like the half of an egg cut lengthwise, the flat side upon the earth, the point to the south. The rounded center is a heap of impenetrable mountains.
As the centuries go by, enormous bodies of ice slip from it into the sea, breaking off and drifting slowly along our coasts. These are the icebergs of the Atlantic Ocean.
Now, along the narrow slip of habitable land which edge Greenland on this side, tradition says, once dwelt a civilized people who, both in knowledge and the habits of life, were far in advance of the Laplanders.
They were well known to the Danish navigators, who made frequent mention of them in their logs and reports.
The question yet unanswered is, 'Where are they now?'
Tradition among the Laplanders reports that the whole colony, two centuries ago, emigrated in a body to the eastern coast of Greenland, attempting to cross the impenetrable masses of ice in the center.
No tidings ever have come back from them.
Some of the scientific men who accompanied the Hayes Expedition made this question a matter of special study.
They reported that a doubt could hardly exist that these people did once inhabit that part of the coast, and that they now had utterly vanished.
If they had been swept away by a pestilence, their household belongings at least would be left to tell of them, but not a shard of pottery, nor a single grave remains to show that they ever lived.
It was supposed by the Danish missionaries that they had perished in the ranges of the mountains, but among the Laplanders there were traditions that they had safely reached the coast and had settled there, forming a civilized community, wholly isolated from the rest of the world.
One of Nansen's voyages was, in fact, directed to that coast in the hope of finding this colony. He was not able to reach the northern part of the coast, and the mystery is therefore, still unsolved.
Another problem which perplexed the last generation was the long-extinct pygmy race which, centuries ago, undoubtedly inhabited the Tennessee mountains.
Legends among the Indians told of such a tribe of dwarfs, who were supposed to be of more intelligence than the red man. But, these legends were very hazy.
A burying ground, however, actually was discovered in the early part of the last century in which all of the skeletons were of pygmy proportions.
Some of them were carried away to college museums, but, as far as anyone knows, there was no scientific inquiry directed to this question.
Another curious matter which caused much speculation in the early part of the last century was the fate of the colony of French émigrés, who fled to this country in the eighteenth century and took refuge in the northern part of Alabama. Like those Frenchmen who found safety in Delaware, they were, for the most part, of noble blood.

1905 – December 9th: The Evening Statesman

Knightstown, Ind., - Bones of a primitive giant have been unearthed by Alonzo Lewis, a farmer living near Sulphur Springs.
The skeleton is more than seven feet in length, and the skull has horns about an inch and a half long, projecting upwards from a point just behind the ears.
Several similar skeletons have been found here in the past few weeks.
All the peculiar bones were found in a gravel pit on the Lewis farm.

1906 - April 3rd: The Meriden Daily Journal
The strange discovery in Ireland the other day of a vaulted, subterranean chamber under an ancient castle revives the belief in the undiscovered secrets that still await the explorer of our medieval strongholds.
Romantic novelists have been largely responsible for the general indifference to the very real mysteries and tragedies of these grim castles, for their tales of hidden wrong and violence have come to be regarded as mere efforts of the imagination, having no existence in fact.
How very wide of the mark this is, let the following few instances show:
A discovery almost precisely identical with that in County Roscommon a few days since, was made in 1826, during the restoration works in the ancient chapel attached to the castle of St. Michaels Mount, in Cornwall, which dates back to the 14th-century.
The workmen, in removing a wooden platform, discovered a walled up door in the south wall, and opening it, a narrow flight of stone steps was revealed, leading down into a grim stone cell, six feet square, without any window or other opening than the door by which they had entered.
They were horrified by stumbling in the darkness of that dreadful place upon what proved to be the skeleton of a man of extraordinary height. What unfortunate wretch was thrust into this living tomb, to die of starvation has never been discovered.

1907 – July 26th: Albuquerque Citizen

Sioux Falls, S. D. – Skeletons are being found in a gravel pit from which the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad company is obtaining ballast for its extension through western South Dakota from the Missouri River to the Black Hills.
The gravel pit is situated on the eastern end of the extension, near the town of Oacoma, and but a short distance from the Missouri river.
In the neighborhood of fifty human skeletons have thus far been unearthed. Most of them were found at a depth of between four and eight feet beneath the surface of the ground, and all were buried in either a standing or sitting posture.
The majority of the skeletons are those of people of small stature, much below the ordinary or average height of the present North American Indians.
One skeleton, however, is that of a man who in life must have been fully seven feet in height.
In close proximity to the skeleton of the giant were found implements of copper and bone, these being found in each of the graves near that of the giant, while in another grave was discovered a copper idol about eight inches in length.

1907 – August 30th: The Billings Gazette
Prehistoric Cemetery Discovered By South Dakota Railroad Graders.

(Oacoma, S.D.) – A remarkable prehistoric burying ground has been cut into by railroad graders near here, and the remains of what appears to be a pygmy race have been discovered.
The old burying ground is now a great deposit of gravel, and it is in this that the bones are found.
Some fifty skeletons have so far been unearthed.

They are all of a race of dwarfs about four feet high, and physicians have pronounced them the remains of adults, not children.
The bodies are buried standing or sitting.
One of the skeletons, however, is that of a giant more than eight feet high.
Near the giant’s skeleton was found a number of copper implements, as well as several of bone. In one of the graves were two copper idols, about eight inches long.

1908 – March 5th: Evening Tribune
Twelve year old Albert Chester, of 42 Oak Street, was playing shinny yesterday when Policeman Naumack stopped and asked in astonishment :
’Where did you get that shinny stick, sonny?’
’I found it’, said the urchin.
At the station house, Lieut. McCarthy, who used to be a demonstrator at the Museum of Anatomy, said the shinny stick was the shin bone of a man who had been in life, probably more than seven feet ten inches tall.
The bone was sent to Bellevue for the experts to study.
It is believed to have come from some collection of prehistoric relics of the human race.

1908 – March 21st: The Middletown Daily News-Signal
Yesterday, when digging into a gravel bank on his farm near Stubbtown, in Warren County, John Watkins discovered the burial grounds of Miami Indians.
The skeleton of a huge woman was unearthed. It measured seven and a half feet in length.
About her neck were ropes of pearls, and in her tomb, other articles of value.
Much excitement was aroused among the farmers in the vicinity, and further excavations brought to light many other skeletons of this extinct race.
Some were found in sitting positions, and some on their faces.
Watkins will try to interest the Ohio Archaeological Society in his find.

1908 - May 4th: The New York Times
Charles C. Clapp, who has recently returned from Mexico, where he has been in charge of Thomas W. Lawson’s mining interests, has called the attention of Professor Agassiz to a remarkable discovery made by him.
He found in Mexico a cave containing some 200 skeletons of men, each above eight feet in height.
The cave was evidently the burial place of a race of giants who antedated the Aztecs.
Mr. Clapp arranged the bones of one of these skeletons, and found the total length to be eight feet and eleven inches. The femur reached up to his thigh, and the molars were big enough to crack a cocoanut. The head measured eighteen inches from front to back.

1908 - May 23rd: The New York Times
Just eight days after Captain Benjamin D. Cleveland had sailed from New Bedford in his trading brig Daisy, on his third venture to Kerguelen Land, better known as Desolation Island, about 1000 miles into the Indian Ocean from the Cape of Good Hope, the following letter was received by John Swan & Sons, former owners of the ship, Daisy:
France - May 6th, 1908.
Dear Sirs; Being by decree of the French Government the sole concessionaires of Kerguelen Land, better known as Desolation Island, and situated between Cape Colony and Australia, we beg to inform you that seal, sea elephant, and whale fishing on those islands is prohibited, and that any one found in the waters of those islands without a license will be arrested, together with products, gear, and apparatus, without prejudice to the fines of the authorities of the islands, or courts of other countries, mat inflict.
Mr. Swan sent the letter at once to Mrs. Cleveland, the wife of the Captain, who lives in New Bedford, and she replied by return mail yesterday that her husband had sailed in the Daisy on May 13th, and there was no way of reaching him.
But, the numerous friends along the waterfront, who have known old Ben Cleveland for the past quarter century did not worry a bit when Mr. Swan read the letter to them.
The crew of the Daisy, about 38 men all told, are all armed with magazine rifles, and as Mr. Swan remarked, ‘If anyone else tries to take anything away from old Ben, there’s going to be trouble’.
Captain Cleveland has made two previous trips to Desolation Island with big profits on his ventures, said Mr. Swan.
The first was in the schooner Leonora, in partnership with Captain Allen of New Bedford.
The second voyage was made in the Daisy. On that trip, the crew landed on the island with rifles and knives, and killed the sea elephants that they found sleeping on the shore. They shot the big ones, and killed the smaller ones with knives.
On that voyage, the Daisy captures 400 seals, in addition to filling up all her empty barrels with the oil from the sea elephants.
When asked what he thought would be the outcome of the letter, Mr. Swan laughed, and said that Mrs. Cleveland might send her husband a cable of warning to the Cape de Verde Islands, but that it would not make the old man turn back.
He is not that kind, and the French will have to show him, Swan said.
The Daisy is a fast sailing brig of 437 tons. It is said that Captain Cleveland had expended $30,000 in outfitting his expedition.
On this voyage, at the solicitation of a friend who had money invested in the venture, Captain Cleveland had consented to search for fossil bones on Desolation Island, on behalf of Herman C. Bumpus, the Director of the American Museum of Natural History.
Professor Bumpus, who commissioned Captain Cleveland to bring back the fossil skeletons including those of whales, and skins of seals, sea elephants, porpoises, and sea fowl, said last night that the search would also be made for the skeleton of a prehistoric man, alleged to have measured nearly 60-feet long.
Bumpus was skeptical, as there was no past evidence to connect the island with any past race of giant, but if there is such a skeleton, it will be brought back by Captain Cleveland, who is the only man that travels there now.

1908 – June 22nd – Spokane Daily Chronicle
When digging a post-hole at the premises of S. S. Heath at Burton, Vachon Island, the other day, Charles Christman found the skeleton of a giant, states a west side report.
It measured seven feet six inches in height, and all the bones are in large proportions to their length, showing the person to have been a man of great weight.
The skull has a transverse diameter of 7 ½ inches, and is 21 inches in circumference.
The skeleton was but 18 inches below the surface, and had evidently lain in the ground for many years.
Heath and Christman propose to sell the skeleton.
All the bones are in a good state of preservation.
The settlers are at a loss to account for the skeleton.
Secretary Gilstrap of the State Historical Society believes it may be the remains of some early-day, Hudson’s Bay trapper.
1908 – July 9th: The San Francisco Call
Remains Of Giant Race Are Found Near Santa Monica Beach.

Fourteen skeletons of giant Indians, supposed to have roamed this section centuries ago, have just been dug from the sands of the beach on the Malibu ranch, just north of Santa Monica.
The smallest skeleton indicates a stature of seven feet, while several of the Indians were at least eight feet tall.
The discovery was made by three Santa Monica men camping at the mouth of the Malibu canyon.
The skulls, teeth and bones are in an excellent state of preservation.

Many relics of an extinct race have been found in the same locality, but no skeletons of such size ever before have been unearthed.

1908 – July 17th: The Washington Times

William Derbyshire and Jack Stoneberger, of Chicago, and Robert Derbyshire, of Santa Monica, contractors, have unearthed the skeleton of a gigantic prehistoric man at Santa Monica Beach.
The skeleton was over nine feet in height.
Hard work uncovered thirteen more similar skeletons.
Three perfect specimens were brought to Santa Monica for exhibition, and scientists who have examined them say that they undoubtedly are hundreds of years old.
The skulls have the formation of an Indian head with high cheek bones and other pronounced characteristics. In every case, the teeth are practically intact.

1908 – December 10th: The Fulton County News
Moundbuilders Had Peculiar Heads.

Professor E. L. Lively and J. L. Williamson, of Friendly, have made an examination of the giant skeleton found by children playing near that town.
The femur and vertebrae were found to be in a remarkable state of preservation, and showed the persons to be of enormous stature.
The skeletons ranged in height from 7 feet 6 inches, down to 6 feet 7 inches.
The skulls found are of a peculiar formation. The forehead is low, and slopes back gradually, while the back part of the head is very prominent, much more so than the skulls of people living at the present day.
The legs are exceedingly long and the bones unusually large.
The finding of the skeletons has created a great deal of interest, and the general impression is that the bones are the remains of the people who built the mounds, the largest in the country being located at Moundsville, Marshall County.

1908 – December 27th: The San Francisco Call
Workmen Unearth Bones Of Extinct Race Believed To Have Been Mound Builders.

Human bones, believed to have been those of Mound Builders, were found at Second and St. Clair Avenue, East St. Louis recently by workmen who were digging an excavation for a hay warehouse.
One skeleton was walled up in a stone tomb, eight feet high.

When a heavy slab of rock was taken from the top, the skeleton, standing upright, could be seen within. It was that of a man apparently seven feet tall.
An effort was made to remove the skeleton intact, but when other stones were moved, it fell to pieces.
Buried under five feet of earth, near the base of the ancient tomb, were found the skeletons of the other men, all above the normal height. They were in a circle about the tomb where their chieftain had been walled up.

As the ground was cleared away, these skeletons also fell apart. Three skulls were intact.
1909 – March 17th: The News-Record

San Pedro, Ca. – The skeleton of an Indian was unearthed at Whites Point today by men operating a street grading machine.
It was that of a man of unusual stature, with abnormally large head and thickness of skull, and gave evidence of having been buried many years.

1910 - January 14th - Madison County Monitor
The schooner Elmo, of the Gulf Fisheries Company, which has arrived at Galveston, Texas, brought with her a petrified, human bone.
This bone was brought to the surface by a lead line, while the Elmo was making castings about fifteen miles off the Galveston coast.
Martin Swanson was the seaman who brought up the gruesome find, and noticing that it was very heavy, he brought it into port.
The petrified bone was placed on exhibition, and has been viewed by many people.
It is said to be a thigh bone, and it must have come from a man of exceptionally large size, as it measures nearly 23 inches in length.
While bones have been picked up in the bay and off the coast at frequent intervals by dredges and by fishermen, this is the first time that any petrified portions of the human anatomy have been found, and it is believed that it must have been lying in the water for many years.

1910 – September 9th: The Marshall Republican

Santa Monica, California – Thirty skeletons of a prehistoric race have been unearthed in Topanga Canyon.
Evidence of horns on each side of the head is puzzling scientists.

1910 – September 17th: Cayuga Chief
Skeletons Of Prehistoric Warriors Disclose Novel Projections.

Anthropologists of Pacific Coast University are endeavoring to discover to what age the prehistoric human bones that have recently been unearthed in Topanga Canyon, California, should be ascribed.
The absence of the bones of women and children is considered proof that the skeletons are those of warriors.
Thirty complete skeletons have been unearthed. The foreheads are low and retreating, the jawbones prominent, and the cheek bones very high. The bones indicate that their owners were about the size of the average man of today.
It is believed that the bones are of old men, because the teeth are worn down to about the gum line.
Just above and in front of the ears, each has a horn-like development 3 inches long.
1911 – January 9th: Easton Free Press

What are described as skeletons of a strange tribe of man-monkey pygmies are being exhumed from an ancient burying ground discovered near Jackrabbit Lodge, in the delta of Topanga Canyon, near Santa Monica, California.
Forty-four skulls, and almost as many complete sets of torsos and limb bones have been recovered together with strange antiquities, apparently used by the tribe as weapons, and many as stone mortars.
The tribe is thought to have been the last of its kind, and it is asserted by legend of the oldest Spanish families that Aztec Indians
exterminated them upon their invasion into southern California.

1911 - August 4th: The Evening News
The skeleton of an immense human being was found recently by Peter Marx on his farm near Juniper, northwest of Prescott.
The bones had been partially exposed by the erosion in the side of a creek bed.
Marx investigated further, and finally assembled most of the skeleton, which is that of a man probably twice as large as the average man of today, and several feet taller.
The skull is complete, and in the jaws are teeth that are tusk-like in size.
The bones have been seen by a number of Prescott residents.
In no ways do they seem related to the remains of the ancient races found in such abundance in Verde and other valleys of this country.

1912 - May 4th: Newburgh Journal
The discovery of several skeletons of human beings while excavating a mound at Lake Delavan, indicates that a heretofore unknown race of men once inhabited Southern Wisconsin.
Information of the discovery was brought to Madison yesterday by Maurice Morrissey, of Delavan, who came here to attend a meeting of the Republican State Central Committee.
Curator Charles E. Brown, of the State Historical Museum, will investigate the discoveries within a few days.
Upon opening one large mound at Lake Lawn farm, eighteen skeletons were discovered by the Phillips brothers.
The heads, presumably those of men, are much larger than the heads of any race which inhabit America today.
From directly over the eye sockets, the head slopes straight back, and the nasal bones protrude far above the cheek bones. The jawbones are long and pointed, bearing a minute resemblance to the head of the monkey. The teeth in the front of the jaw are regular molars.
There were also found in the mounds, the skeletons of, presumably women, which had smaller heads, but were similar in facial characteristics.
The skeletons were embedded in charcoal and covered with layers of baked clay to shed water from the sepulcher.

1912 - June 8th: The Milwaukee Sentinel
(From the Seattle Post-Intelligencer)
Eleven skeletons of prehistoric men, with foreheads sloping directly back from the eyes, and with two rows of teeth in the front of the upper jaw, have been unearthed in Craigshill, at Ellensburg.
They were found about twenty feet below the surface, twenty feet back from the face of the slope, in a cement rock formation over which was a layer of shale. The rock was perfectly dry.
The jaw bones, which easily break, are so large that they will go around the face of the man of today. The other bones are also much larger than those of the ordinary man.
The femur is 20 inches long, indicating, scientists say, a man over eighty inches tall.
J.P. Munson, professor of biology in the state normal school, who lectured before the International Biological College in Austria last summer, visited the spot, and pronounced them to be the bones of primitive men.
The teeth in the front are worn almost down to the jaw bones, due, Mr. Munson says, to eating uncooked foods and crushing hard substances with the teeth.
The sloping skull, he says, shows an extremely low order of intelligence, far earlier than that of the Indians which are known to the whites.

1912 – August 10th: East Oregonian
Seven Feet Four Inches Was The Height Of Member Of Extinct Race, Whose Bones Were Dug Up By California Scientist.

Up to about 300 years ago, a giant race of Indians inhabited the coast regions of California. Remains of these have been discovered in the islands of the Santa Barbara channel.
To William Altmann, assistant curator of the Golden Gate Park Memorial Museum, belongs the honor of discovering one of the tallest, and best preserved skeletons of the extinct tribe.
Altmann utilized his vacation in excavating an old Indian burial mound in the nursery of Thomas S. Dunne, two miles from Concord, in Costa County.
The giant skeleton was found ten feet from the surface, and around it were a large number of mortars and pestles, charm stones, and obsidian arrow heads.
The skeleton has not yet been mounted, but the bones were assembled on a table in the curator’s office and placed on private exhibition.
The bones are in a good state of preservation, being hard and firm, although brown with age. Two or three of the vertebrae are missing, and the skull is broken into three parts.
The skeleton measures 7 feet 4 inches, and the tibia is 17 inches in length.

1912 - December 26th: Toledo Blade
Recent excavations indicate that the peninsula south of San Francisco once was inhabited by a race of giant stature.
Professor Harold Heath, of the zoological department of Stanford University, according to a statement given out last night, has unearthed, about two miles from here, several skeletons of men who were of unusual height.
A prehistoric village, covering nearly two acres, has been the scene of Professor Heath’s investigations.
Stone hammers, bone awls, and ornaments found by his party indicate that their owners had attained considerable advancement in artisanship and civilization.

1913 - January 8th: The Mansfield Shield
Recent excavations indicates that the peninsula south of San Francisco once was inhabited by a race of giant stature.
Professor Harold Heath, of the zoological department of Stanford University has unearthed, about two miles south of here, several skeletons of men who were considerably more than six feet in height.
A prehistoric village, covering nearly two acres, has been the scene of Professor Heath’s investigations.
Stone hammers, bone awls, and ornaments found by his party indicates that their owners had attained considerable advancement in artisanship and civilization.
Numerous buried villages have been discovered on the peninsula, several within the city limits of San Francisco itself.
Professor Heath says the inhabitants were neither warlike nor energetic.

1914 - January 27th: The New York Times
Major F.M. Ashburn of the Army Medical Corps has unearthed some strange things in China, as a result of his studies of tropical diseases.
He reports to the War Department that he found three giants, each about eight feet high. Two of them were gate-keepers at a zoological garden, one of them apparently normal except for his great size, while, says the Major, the other man had a harsh resonant, deep bass voice, such as I have never heard before.

1914 - April 3rd: The Evening Record
According to a dispatch published here today, the skeleton of a person who had been apparently 10 feet in height has been found at Dysart, County Louth, Ireland.
The skeleton was unearthed, together with that of two others supposed to have been buried in prehistoric times.
The three persons had been interred in separate graves, all encased with stones.
The skull of the giant measured 18 inches from the crown of the head to the chin.

1914 - April 3rd: The Spokesman-Review
According to a dispatch published here today, the skeleton of a person who had been apparently 10 feet in height has been found at Dysart, in Louth County, Ireland.
The skeleton was unearthed, together with that of two others, supposed to have been buried in prehistoric times.
The three graves had been interred in separate graves, all encased with stones.
The skull of the giant measured 18 inches from the crown of the head to the chin.

1914 - April 4th: Ashburton Guardian
(From the Australia / New Zealand National Archives)
While men were digging foundations for laborers’ cottages at Dysart, in Louth County, they unearthed three human skeletons in separate graves, encased with stones.
One skull is entire, and measures 18 inches from the crown to the chin.
The leg bones are abnormally large, and the remains apparently are those of a person 10 feet high, who is presumed to have lived in a prehistoric age.
1914 – June 12th: The Seattle Star

A giant human skeleton was unearthed in the Ford Cemetery at Luther, Oklahoma County, today, by grave diggers.
The skeleton was about three feet underground, beneath a solid layer of rock.
The skull, which was much larger than an ordinary man’s head, and the other bones indicated that the giant human being must have been over eight feet tall.
The find is expected to be taken charge of by the state geologist at Norman.

1914 - October 17th: The Rochester Sentinel
Captain J. Campbell Besley, who returned from South America last February with the news that he had discovered a lost city of the Incas, arrived in New York from his second expedition.
One of the Besley party's treasures was an incomplete human skeleton, including the skull of a human being who must have stood at least 8 feet in height.
Other curiosities of great interest were human skulls thought to be four or five thousand years old, on which trepanning operations had been performed.
Captain Besley returned with the pictures of what he said was the true source of the Amazon River.

The pictures are of a stream, not two inches wide, filtering out near the top of a mountain, 18,000 feet high in the Andes.

1915 - February 10th: The Jeffersonian Gazette
One of the most interesting exhibits at the Aisho Exposition held at Tokyo was a giant mummy enclosed in a large, square coffin.
The figure measured eight feet in height.
This relic was obtained by a Japanese explorer at a Buddhist temple in the province of Kiangsi.
Experts support the claim that the mummy is that of famous monk who lived at the beginning of the Christian era.

1915 – April 19th: El Paso Herald

The skeleton of a giant fully eight feet tall has been found near Silver City, claims H.E. Davis.
The thigh bone of this ancient inhabitant of the southwest measures two inches more than the ordinary man, and with the
other bones in proportion, the man must have been a giant of great strength.
The jawbone is large enough to fit over the jaw of an ordinary man.
A peculiarity of the forehead is that it recedes from the eyes, like that of an ape. The similarity is still further found in the sharp bones under the eyes.
The skeleton was found encased in baked mud, indicating that encasing the corpse in mud and baking them was the mode of embalming.
Near the skeleton was found a stone weighing 12 pounds, which, judging from it’s shape, must have been a club. The wooden handle had rotted away, but there are marks on the stone that indicate that it had been bound to a wooden handle with tongs.
It is rather peculiar that less than 30 miles from where this skeleton was found and located on the Gila River, are the former houses of a tribe of small cliff dwellers.
The existence of these two races so near together form an interesting topic.

1915 – May 19th: Bismarck Daily Tribune
Petrified Bones Of Man And Woman Discovered By Pennsylvania Quarrymen.

Two petrified skeletons — one of a man of giant stature, and the other of a woman, somewhat smaller — were found in a cavern blasted out of solid blue rock into the Hulton hillside by quarrymen.
A crevice led into a cavern about six feet high and fifteen feet square.
Geologists say they belong to a prehistoric age.

1915 – June 6th: The Evening Argus
Two petrified skeletons, one of a man of giant stature, and the other a woman somewhat smaller, were found in a cavern blasted out of solid blue rock in a Hulton hillside by quarrymen.
A crevice lead into a cavern about six feet high and fifteen feet square.
Geologists say they evidently belong to a prehistoric age.

1915 - September 11th: The Pueblo Indicator
While hauling gravel from the Thore Glende farm, northwest of here, workmen discovered a huge human skeleton.
The jawbones were in a good state of preservation, and were of mammoth size.
The teeth were intact, and were twice the size of the average man’s. Some of the teeth looked as though they had been filled with cement, but in all probability were sound at the time of death, and the enamel had decayed, leaving the darker colored interior exposed.
The jaw was taken to St. Louis by L.D. Johnson, who was present when the skeleton was discovered, and possibly experts there can throw some light upon the discovery.
Those who saw the remains estimated that, when living, the man must have exceeded eight feet in height.
1916 – August 18th: The Leavenworth Echo
Archaeologists Find Skulls Of Prehistoric Giants Near Athens, Pennsylvania.

The archaeologists who are traversing the Susquehanna River valley, visiting sites of Indian villages and digging up aborigines and other relics, are said to have made a most astounding discovery on the Murray farm, near here, in finding the bones of sixty-eight prehistoric men.
The average height of these men when their skeletons were assembled was 7 feet, while others were much taller.
Additional evidence of their gigantic size is found in the massive
stone battle-axes in their graves.
The average age of these men is said to have been between 30 and 40 years old.
Another amazing point of this discovery is the allegation that ‘perfectly formed skulls were found, from which horns grew straight out from the head’.

1916 – December 23rd: The Pittsburgh Press
(Oakland, California)
A skeleton, believed to be that of an Indian chief, was discovered by workmen engaged in digging gravel on the Frank Wallace ranch, a mile and a half west of San Leandro.
The bones have been taken in charge by Deputy Coroner Robert Morgan, who declares that, from the size of the thigh bone, it is evident that the skeleton is that of a man at least eight feet tall.
The skeleton is to be sent to the anthropological department of the University of California.

1917 - January 10th: The Star and Sentinel
Imagine a prehistoric man whose tooth would weigh four ounces; a tooth which would take a wire cable to pull.
Such a tooth has been found in a coal bed, more than 600 feet under the ground.
The tooth was found about two miles northwest of Pittsburgh in a coal mine.
Dentists claim that, because of certain formations, it could be nothing but a grinder from the head of a prehistoric man.
While it is light and appears to be bone, it is in a perfect state of petrifaction.
The prehistoric giant, who had such a tooth, could easily have opened his mouth twelve inches wide.
He must have been about twelve feet in height, and was able to have taken a six foot stride.
It is practically impossible to determine at what age this man lived, but it must have been many years before the birth of Christ, because of the depth at which the tooth was found. However, it is possible that the molar could have been placed that deep in the earth by an upheaval at some time.
The coal mine in which it was found had been in operation many years, and is one of the deepest in the country.
Many persons at first believed the tooth was that of a prehistoric animal, rather than that of a man. However, it was taken to several dentists, all of whom said that, because of certain formations in the human tooth which are absent in teeth of animals, the molar must have been that of a prehistoric human being.
1917 – September 13th: Crittenden Record-Press

Wheeling, West Virginia – Boys here have unearthed a skeleton closely resembling the popular idea of the devil.
The skull is much like that of the human race, with the exception of two horns, which project from just above the temples on each side.
In life, the creature was about 4 feet high, with a long tail. There are four powerful limbs, each of which has four fingers.

1919 - October 14th: The New York Times
The fossilized remains of a giant measuring thirty-two feet and ten inches in height were, according to reports, recently discovered near the little village of Nanacamilpa, State of Vera Cruz.
The natives, who still cling to many of their traditions of their Indian ancestors, declared the giant was related to the gods of their forefathers.
They entered a catafalque in the plaza upon which the giant rested in state for many days, covered with flowers and carefully guarded at night.
The discovery attracted the attention of scientists here.
The Director of Anthropology at the National Museum expects to leave soon for Nanacamilpa to investigate. He is inclined to believe the fossil is that of a prehistoric vertebrate, not a human being.

1921 - January 21st: Middlesboro Daily News
New indications that California was once inhabited by a race of gigantic Indians was furnished when sewer diggers on Ferry and Howard Streets, in the heart of the business district of Martinez, California, uncovered an Indian burial ground, with skeletons measuring more than 7 feet tall.
Several skulls, and one well-preserved skeleton are to be given over to investigators of the anthropology department of the University of California. The skulls and skeletons are declared to be of highly important and scientific value.
Discovery of the burial ground has revived an old Indian legend, that an immense treasure of gold nuggets was interred with a body of a chief of the ancient tribe of giant Indians.
So convinced are the residents in the truth of this legend, that great crowds have thronged around the sewer diggers, largely hampering their activities, and more than a score of persons have applied to the municipal authorities for positions on the city’s sewer digging crew.
According to the ancient legends, the vast gold treasure was buried in close proximity to where the bones were recovered.

1921 - August 11th: The Evening Tribune
Further information as to the petrified body of gigantic proportions found near Helenwood, in Scott County, Tennessee, was received here today.
Cruise Sexton, of Helenwood, found the ‘devil’, as he calls it, on the 20th of last month, while prospecting for coal.
The formation was discovered five feet underground.
It’s weight was estimated at 500 pounds.
The freak is described as having a head of abnormal size, and adorned with horns resembling those of a ruminant.
It’s mouth is of unusual size, with 24 prominent front teeth.
The arms are of unusual length, with enormous hands.
A chain, resembling an ordinary chase chain, encircles the neck.
Long wings of a brownish color reach from the shoulders, almost to the ankles.
Sexton believes that the object is an image of an old tribe of Indians, or of the cliff dwellers.
In The New York Times article, which appeared the following day, it was also stated that the imprint of the figure’s left hand was plainly visible upon it’s chest.

1921 – September 1st: Bisbee Daily Review

August Ealey, who was formerly employed in the mines here, but who for the last few years has been opening up a silver property in the vicinity of Reddington on the Lower San Pedro river, was in the city yesterday.
Ealey had said that the recent heavy rains have uncovered the burial grounds of a race of giants that must have lived in that section thousands of years ago.
He and other workmen have found the bones of the extinct race.
One skull was found that was about twice the size of the head of an ordinary human being, and some of the bones of the arm was also found that are about as large again as the ordinary arm bones.
The remains are buried about 15 feet under the surface.
Remains of charcoal fires have been found. One Mexican found a pair of large earrings made of seashells that were still perfect, and had been polished to a high degree. Pieces of pottery have also been uncovered.
The bones in the big skull are about an inch thick, and the teeth are all perfect, but had been filed or ground down so that they were very sharp.
He has reported the find to the officers of the university and hopes that they will send an outfit down there to make a thorough examination of the burial ground.
He is of the opinion that an entire large skeleton will be found, which he estimates that the height of the giant must have been 12 to 15 feet.

1921 - November 25th: The Miami News
(From Douglas, Arizona)
Recent heavy rains in the vicinity of Reddington, near here, have uncovered the burial grounds of a race of giant people, who are thought to have lived thousands of years ago, according to August Ealey, a miner who has been employed in the Reddington district.
Ealey described parts of the skeletons recovered from the cemetery, and declared that the stature of the race must have been twice that of the average men of today.
One skull showed a thickness of about an inch, Ealey said, and was in a state of perfect preservation.
Pieces of pottery, ear rings, remains of charcoal fires, and other evidences uncovered by the rains, has led Ealey to report the discovery to the State University, with the hopes that a more intimate investigation would be made of the burial ground.

1922 - June 4th: The Spokesman-Review
An unusual mummy, only 32 inches long, and with only 20 teeth, with three fingers and a thumb on one hand, and four toes on the left foot (the right foot is missing), has been found by Jack Wilson and Mrs. D. Smith, while investigating a cliff dwelling near Wilson’s ranch on the east side of the Verde.
The shortage of teeth, says the Los Angeles Times, fingers and toes, appears to have been natural with this individual, though, and hardly a racial trait, for at least 100 mummies have been found in the cliff and cave dwellings along the Verde and on Beaver Creek, and this is the first found that was not naturally constituted.
The teeth and head are perfectly formed, and undoubtedly belong to an adult, and not a child.
There would appear to be little doubt that within the Verde valley, in prehistoric times, lived a race of dwarf Indians, who disposed of their dead by wrapping the bodies in fibrous, vegetable material, and then placing them where dry air would desiccate.
In no other cliff dwellings of the southwest have these same mummified remains been found, although, in a number of places, the rooms have such low ceilings that probably other such undersized individuals constituted the builders and the inhabitants.
In the Smithsonian Institution are about 30 such diminutive mummies, with their wrappings of willow bark, raw cotton, and of a cotton cloth that was very generally made by almost any of the valley or cliff dwelling peoples who formerly lived in Arizona.
Nearly 20 years ago, Johnny Love took into Flagstaff, a large collection of pygmy mummies from this Verde.
There are three distinct forms of ancient remains in the upper Verde;
One is included in the remains of large, agricultural communities that occupied the lower valleys, and had left the walls of large stone houses.
The second were cliff dwellers, who had homes around the mysterious Montezuma’s Well, and in other sections along the western and southern escarpments of the Mogollon plateau.
A third were cave dwellers, who, at points below the Camp Verde, carved homes out of the soft limestone of the river bluffs, and who appear to have been somewhat ruder sort than the communal cliff dwellers, and who probably were of a more ancient period.
It is believed that occupation of these hillside homes continued until barely a few hundred years ago, for the mummies are in rather good state of preservation, and with them have been found giant beans and other seeds that still had life, and that reproduced when planted.
There is speculation whether the last of the dwarfs might not have been eliminated by the incoming Apaches, though legends of the present-day Indians concerning those older folk seem to be lacking.
Evidences of the work of enemy peoples are found in the fact that, almost every cliff dwelling shows the result of destruction by fire.

1922 – October 3rd: The Meriden Daily Journal
The body of a prehistoric man, ten feet tall, is dug up on Tiburon Island, in the Gulf of California, according to the Mexican government.

1923 - March 22nd: The Evening Independent
A burial ground of what is pronounced to be an ancient group of mound builders has been unearthed directly across the river from Albany by Clyde Peacock, a farmer.
Mr. Peacock made the discovery while plowing in a field which has been under cultivation for many years. The plowshare was caught by a rock, which investigation showed was a fine specimen of mortar.
Digging further, Peacock unearthed skulls, knives, skeletons, and more mortars and pestles.
An area of about 50 feet long and 20 feet wide has been excavated to a depth of two and a half feet.
J.C. Crawford, local authority on prehistoric specimens, held the theory that the skeletons were buried shortly after 500 B.C., because, he said, at that time, a Buddhist priest visited this coast, and after returning to China to get more missionaries, came back and taught the dwellers here.
After this visit by the Buddhists, Mr. Crawford says, pestles and mortars were buried with their dead by the mound builders.
Upon examining some of the best specimens of bones, Mr. Crawford declared that the race had been one of enormous size and great strength.

1923 - March 28th: The Evening Independent
Scientists who will visit Prescott next summer to attempt to fathom the mystery of the ancient cliff dwellings on the Verde River will be asked to give their attention to a skeleton found recently by Morris and Howard Payne, ranchers living a few miles north of the city (Prescott, Arizona).
Although the skeleton is apparently no larger than a child of four or five years, the skull contains a fully developed set of mature teeth.
The Payne brothers unearthed the skeleton while excavating for a road in the Granite Dells, a vast granite formations near Prescott.
Digging carefully, they were able to extricate practically all of the bones without breaking them.
The skeleton has excited lively interest, on account of the size, and the maturity of the teeth and skull bones, which one physician said, showed none of the evidences of immaturity of an infant’s cranium.
Prints of the hands of the builders of the well-preserved prehistoric dwelling known as Montezuma’s Castle, are still seen in the mud-like mortar holding the stones together, and these prints indicate that the dwellers were persons with very small hands.
The tiny doorways and low ceilings seem to bear out the theory, that the people living there were of small stature, but the dwarf-like skeleton is so much smaller than that of any man today that it has created another one of those archaeological problems, which it is the purpose of the National Geographic Society to solve, if possible, in a series of expeditions next summer.

1923 - May 15th: Spokane Daily Chronicle
Details of archaeological discoveries made in the Grand Canyon of the Colorado by Samuel Hubbard, Oakland scientist, were revealed here today upon Mr. Hubbard's return from an expedition to Arizona, according to a story that will appear in the San Francisco Examiner tomorrow.
Two petrified bodies of giant human beings, 11 feet tall, said to be of proportions similar to those of human beings of today, were found by the Hubbard party, the story says.
Discovery of the fossils, Mr. Hubbard asserts, tends to establish for the first time the existence of a race of giants on the American continent in prehistoric days.
The fossils were found in an isolated section of the canyon, far from the traveled area, Mr. Hubbard says.
The petrified specimens resembled mighty statues, Mr. Hubbard continued, but tests prove that they were human flesh, petrified as wood becomes petrified through the action of water filled with lime.

1923 - June 30th: The Bonham Daily Favorite
If the challenge of Samuel Hubbard, Oakland archaeologist, is accepted, scientists will accompany him on a second expedition into the Grand Canyon of Arizona to verify his claim as to the presence of two monster, petrified bodies of men of prehistoric age, antedating King Tutankhamen by several hundred thousand years.
When Hubbard returned from a personally conducted exposition, on which he discovered the petrified bodies and announced his scientific find, was greeted with scorings by archaeologists who were inclined to doubt either the existence of the petrified bodies, or to regard them as statues, probably carved by some highly civilized tribe of Indians.
Hubbard sticks to his guns, however, and announced that probably late this month, he will conduct an expedition of leading scientists, engineers, and photographers to the scene for a thirty day investigation of his claims.
An effort will be made to cut off an arm or leg of one of the giants for chemical analysis to substantiate his claim that they are the petrified remains of a race of giants.
Hubbard advances the theory that the bodies may be the sole remains of a race that may have lived in the Grand Canyon prior to the appearance of mankind elsewhere in the world.
Some of the interesting possibilities he points out includes;
The Garden of Eden may have been on the edge of California, but, more likely, it was in the lost Atlantis fable, which really existed, probably between the American continents and Europe and Africa, millions of years ago.
Adam and Eve were giants. Beside whom, modern mankind is dwarfed to physical insignificance, and from the land of Atlantis, their gargantuan offspring, carrying with them the rudiments of the first blind groping towards civilization, wandered into America, and into Europe and Africa.
Two of their descendants, giants also, are lying in the chasms of the Grand Canyon, embedded in the rocks. Their flesh and bones have been transmuted into stone.
They lived and died in the vast gorges of the mighty river, and left behind records older than any found at this time.
The carvings on the walls of King Tutankhamen, in Egypt, were made but an hour ago compared to the mighty passage of time since a hairy, giant man, a bear claw knife in his hand as sculptor’s knife, cut upon the walls of the Grand Canyon the rude pictures of a dinosaur, which has been extinct for millions of years.
Hubbard’s interest in the Grand Canyon prehistoric figures dates back to 1895, when he first heard stories from Indian guides of ‘heap big Indian -- long time dead’, lying on an inaccessible cliff, thirty-five miles from El Tovar.
A month ago, he headed an expedition into the canyon and found the body described, as well as another one.
Photographs were taken of the bodies, and also of wall carvings on the cliff.
In addition, the party found elephant tracks, two and a half feet in diameter, and moccasin prints measuring 19 inches from heel to toe. These had been preserved in the sandstone of the river bed.
In announcing his challenge to scientific scoffers to join him in an extensive investigation, Hubbard said:
I began this search after I had learned that similar giant footprints had been found in the rock quarry of the Nevada State Prison at Carson City, and at La Brea, Los Angeles. Also, I gathered traditions from all parts of the Pacific Coast, and found that all tallied, in that at one time, a race of giants had lived there.
Magellan, sailing through the straits which now bear his name, saw a race of giants. He wrote of them, but was laughed at.
In Peru, there are legends of the giant men, who came from the western sea in rude boats and conquered the nation.
In Southern California and Arizona, the Hopi Indians tell of the race of giants that once lived there, and, because of their cruelty, were slain by revolting tribes.
On Easter Island are scores of gigantic stone statues that only could have been carved and put into position by giant men.
These, and other things, convinced Hubbard that the reports of giant bodies in the Grand Canyon might be true.
We know those beasts and reptiles lived, for we have dug their bones from the tar pits of La Brea, and from the sandstone of England and Europe, but never before have we found, intact, the body of prehistoric man, preserved to us in the flesh.
In one dry river bed in the canyon, he and his party found hundreds of tracks left in the rock surface. Here again were moccasin tracks, left by men who had strides of more than five feet, and whose feet from heel to toe measured 19 inches, and were 9 inches in width.
A panel of carvings of ibex, like nothing before found in America, was discovered on the walls near the bodies. The drawings are much like the ones found in Spain.
The bodies of the two giants were preserved, Hubbard said, by the action of lime-impregnated waters. Such a stream still flows in the canyon, and petrifies all that it covers, he said.
It will be impossible to remove the bodies, because of their position in the canyon and their tremendous weight.
The bodies, nearly 16 feet long, weigh tons, and are now part of the living rock of the canyon.

1924 – October 21st: Eugene Register-Guard
(Klamath Falls, Oregon)
Skeletons of 12 giant Indians, relics of prehistoric times, were uncovered by road workmen in Klamath marsh country, it became known today.
One jawbone was particularly immense in size.
Opinion here is divided as to whether it was an old Indian burial ground, or a battle ground where Indians buried their killed where they fell.
Many Indian relics were uncovered near the skeletons.

1925 - July 12th: The New York Times
An article describing an alleged discovery by an American engineer in the mountainous regions of Western Chihuahua, Mexico.
The story alleges that the engineer had entered a cave to seek shelter from a storm, and upon his entrance, he discovered several bales that were wrapped in leather.
Opening one of the bales, he discovered that it contained the skeleton of a man who measured at least 12-feet tall.

1925 - October 23rd: The San Jose Evening News
Eight skeletons, one of them clad in copper armor, and a hoard of rare war weapons and bits of personal adornment have been found in a mysterious mound on the farm of Grove Vosburg, near Walkerton.
Vosburg, a 70-year old farmer, had long desired to know the secret of the mound, which according to local tradition, dates back hundreds of years.
Secretly excavating the pile of earth, he came upon a strange burial place.
The eight skeletons lay in a circular formation, arranged like the spokes of a wheel, with skulls together.
Copper breastplates, bands, and other bits of armor adorned the skeleton of one man, who had apparently been of giant stature. Embedded in this skull, was a beautifully chipped, flint arrow head.
The soft earth of the mound revealed other treasures.
Three pounds of ore, believed to be either silver or white gold, lie with the bones.
There were corroded copper bands, which antiquarians here believe were used to bind war clubs; two pipe bowls, one of smooth black stone, and the other carved with the replica of a fantastic monster were found.
The belief that the bones are not those of Indians, but belong to the ancient and little known race of mound builders has arisen, because of the great size of the bones, and the fact that the skulls are not those of Indian types.
The skulls seem to have little forehead, and the eye cavities are high in the head.

1926 – May 14th: The Milwaukee Sentinel
Discovery of the bones of a race of giants who towered more than ten feet in height, was reported here today by Captain D. W. Page, an American, and Captain F. W. Devalda, an Englishman, who returned from an unsuccessful search for legendary Spanish gold mines.
The two men said their discovery was made in great tribal burial mounds, in the mountains southwest of here, and that the state of preservation in which they found the bones indicated the giant race lived in this section more than 500 years ago.
1927 – July 7th: Painesville, Telegraph

Silver Lake, Oregon – What appears to be a horned human skull has been found half buried in the sands near here.
The skull is in an excellent state of preservation. It has two horns, one of which is in good condition, but the other was apparently broken off years ago, and had been worn away to a smooth stump.
George V. Marvin made the find while hunting in the sand for curios, and after bringing the skull here, where it was placed on exhibition, went back to the site to search for the rest of the skeleton.
The skull will be kept here until it has been classified by scientists.

1927 - August 28th: The Reading Eagle
Giant Indians who roamed Florida’s swamps 500 years or more ago, living on shell foods, which they cracked with their teeth, is a picture unfolded by archaeologists who have delved into a burial ground on a Gulf island, near Tampa.
The skeletons were discovered on a small section of land where a lone fisherman has lived for years.
Scientists estimated the bones at least 500 years old, and are remains of a tribe known as the Caribs, natives of the West Indies. They are believed to have inhabited the state and adjacent islands before the arrival of Spaniards in Florida.
The skulls, larger than those of current history, battered and crushed, indicated tribal battles. The jaws and teeth were unusually large. Likewise are the body bones, indicating the Indians of past ages were veritable giants in comparison with those of today.
Mounds similar to the one in which the bones were unearthed are common in the state.
The bones have been sent to the Smithsonian Institution for further examinations.

1927 - October 14th: The Evening News
(From Glasgow, Kentucky)
The strange story of how four men found an 8-foot skeleton of a man in the recess of a cavern is vouched for here by friends of the quartet, who say they have no reason to doubt the integrity of those concerned.
John Nelson and his three sons were exploring Harlan Cave, when they came upon the skeleton, over eight feet in length, according to Nelson.
Nelson said he believed it was an Indian’s bones.
Arrow flints and trinkets were found about the body.
Old Indians living in this vicinity said it was the custom of the tribes to bury medicine men and chiefs alone. They believe the skeleton was that of some great man of an ancient tribe.

1928 – December 19th: Painesville Telegraph
(New Cumberland, Pennsylvania)
Discovery of the skeleton of a giant Indian along the Yellow Breeches Creek, near here, has developed a ‘history complex’ among New Cumberland citizens.

1929 - June 1st: Berkeley Daily Gazette
The theory that a race of giant men once inhabited the San Joaquin Valley, advanced by Dr. J. Kroeck, professor of biology at the College of the Pacific, now is supported by new evidence.
Two railway employees, Frank Fesrrara and Earl Cusilidge, have revealed the discovery of a cavern in Calaveras County littered with the remains of more than 200 skeletons, the bones of which are of unusual size.
Fesrrara and Cusilidge said that skulls found in the cavern were much larger than those of the present race. They said that the jaw bones were twice the size of a normal man's, and that the rib formations were nearly the size of a steer's.
The men noted one peculiar thing -- that the leg bones were much smaller than those of the man of today.
Dr. Kroeck believes that bones of the 'giants' and those of a 'race of diminutives' have become mixed.
That the ancient people, no matter what their stature was, were accomplished artisans is proven by a stone bowl discovered in the cavern.
The bowl is of granite, five inches in depth and 14 inches in diameter, and is said to be far superior in workmanship to any of the known Indian tribes.
Dr. Kroeck cannot explain how the bones were preserved, for they apparently date back to the time when this section of California was the coast line, judging from the shell fish remains found with them.
Fesrrara and Cusilidge were hunting when they discovered the cavern. They came across a small hole in the side of a hill. Dropping a pebble in the opening, it took eight seconds to hit bottom.
Later, they returned to the hole, bringing with them a long length of rope. They widened the opening and lowered themselves to a point approximately 60 feet underground. There was found a great chamber, 400 feet in length and 200 feet in width.
Using flashlights, the men explored the cavern and discovered numerous of the bones.
They found another cavern 156 feet below the first one. This they also explored, and there again they found evidence of a race of giants.
According to the men, another cavern exists at a lower level. They were unable to descend to it, however, as a passageway was blocked by large boulders.
The explorers brought back one large jaw bone and a part of a huge skull, a thigh bone, and half of a stone bowl as specimens.
They said that most of the bones crumbled when touched.

1929 – December 29th: The Miami News
Fourteen huge human skeletons, thought to be those of some ancient tribe, were uncovered here, each skeleton being protected by a heavy slate coffin.

1930 - December 1st: Lawrence World Journal
Discovery of the remains of what was believed to be a hitherto unknown race of giants has been disclosed by J.E. Coker of Sayopa, Sonora, a mining town 300 miles south of the Mexican border.
Coker, a mining engineer, said laborers clearing ranch land near the Yaqui River in the vicinity of Sayopa, dug into an old cemetery, where bodies of men averaging eight feet in height were found, buried tier upon tier.
The heads of the ancient skeletons, Coker said, were especially large.
Carved, native stone bracelets were found on the bones.
Beside the bodies, Coker said, the crudest type of stone weapons and implements were buried.
After the first skeleton was unearthed, owners of the ranch redoubled efforts to excavate the cemetery. Coker said that when he left Sayopa, the work was still in progress.
The first tier of bones was found only a few feet from the surface of the ground.

1930 - December 3rd: The Pittsburgh Press
The reported discovery of remains of an extinct race of giants in the Mexican state of Sonora was under investigation today by archaeologists of the University of Arizona, who laid plans for a scientific expedition into the territory.
Dr. Bryan Cummings, head of the university archaeology department, told the United Press that J.E. Coker, a veteran mine operator in Sonora, had seen petrified remains of a giant man, and knew where others were buried.
Dr. Cummings said he is trying to confirm the report.
The skeleton viewed by Coker, according to Cummings, measured eight feet three inches in height, and was a good example of the ancient race that may have inhabited the district surrounding Sayopa, Sonora.

1930 - December 4th: The Border Cities Star
Preparations for a hasty expedition into the Mexican state of Sonora were made by University of Arizona archaeologists today after they received reports that superstitious natives were destroying relics of a prehistoric race of supermen.
Dr. Bryan H. Cummings, head of the university archaeology department, expressed the fear that natives may destroy all the relics -- and the wealth of scientific knowledge they hold -- unless they are stopped at once.
Cummings expected word today from J.E. Coker, veteran Sonora miner, who was reported as having found skeletons of what appeared to be a long sought race of ‘Cyclops’; men of giant stature, who once roamed the Yaqui River region.
One of the several skeletons which Coker was said to have viewed measured eight feet three inches in height. These remains, Dr. Cummings said, may prove one of the greatest discoveries in archaeological history.
There have been past discoveries of single skeletons measuring more than the average height of present day humans, Dr. Cummings said, but there have never been several found together, so that the existence of a tribe or race of giants could be proven.
If we can establish that such a race once lived, we may be able to determine that man has degenerated physically.
Dr. Cummings has asked the Science Service in Washington to aid the university in sponsoring the proposed expedition, which he plans to start within the week. He awaited definite confirmation of the discovery from Coker before undertaking the long, and possibly dangerous, trip.
The natives, according to the scientist, are fanatical on the subject of fossil remains, and destroy them at will. They have been known to attack scientific parties, and to hinder them at every turn.
The skeletons were reported buried about four feet below the surface, near the banks of the Yaqui River, 160 miles below the international border from Douglas, Arizona.
Dr. Cummings said that he will only have a few men with him on the preliminary expedition.

1930 - December 4th: The Pittsburgh Press
Reports that superstitious natives in the Mexican state of Sonora were destroying the remains of a prehistoric race of supermen caused University of Arizona archaeologists tonight to organize an expedition to find and protect the invaluable discoveries.
The natives, according to word received by Dr. Bryan H. Cummings, may destroy all the fossils in their frenzy of superstition, unless they are stopped at once.
He said he was awaiting word from J.E. Coker, veteran mining man of Sonora, who first reported seeing the skeletons.
One of the skeletons was said to have measured eight feet three inches in height.
These remains, Dr. Cummings said, may prove one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in archaeological history.
The reported discovery of the fossils was the first definite word on which science can base it’s long held theory that a race of men, larger than the present humans, once walked the earth, Dr. Cummings said.
I have great hopes that this discovery will bear out the repeated rumors of the ‘Cyclops’ race, Dr. Cummings said, and if it does, it will be one of the most important advances in archaeology.
The natives, according to Dr. Cummings, who has made many trips into Mexico, are fanatical on the subject of fossil remains. They often attack scientific parties and hinder them in every way, he added.
The skeletons were reported buried near the banks of the Yaqui River, 160 miles south of the international border.
Dr. Cummings said that he would only take a few men with him.
The scientist said that he has asked the Science Service in Washington to aid the expedition if Coker confirms his reported discovery.

1930 - December 5th: Berkeley Daily Gazette
An expedition to search for skeletons of an extinct race of supermen will leave here next Monday or Tuesday for the Yaqui River district, in the Mexican state of Sonora, where the petrified skeletons have been reported, it was learned today.
The department of archaeology of the University of Arizona, headed by Dr. Bryan H. Cummings, is undertaking the expedition.
J.E. Coker, veteran mine operator, was the first white man to view the relics of a past age, and he communicated his findings yesterday to Dr. Cummings.
There are three skeletons in the shallow grave, Coker said. One is that of a man, and the other two are women, all of them more than eight feet in height.
In addition, highly developed examples of pottery are buried with the forms, and costly trinkets and bracelets adorn the bodies, he said.
The skeletons may prove of extreme value in establishing the Darwinian theory of evolution, Dr. Cummings said, for few skeletons of men larger than the present humans have been found in the past, and in no case was there more than one discovery.
Existence of a race of giants may be the development in the Yaqui River find, he added.

1930 - December 8th: Berkeley Daily Gazette
Quest for remains of a long dead race of supermen began today, when a little band of scientists from the University of Arizona left for a remote region in the Mexican state of Sonora, where it was believed the giants once roamed.
Carrying news reports indicating the supposedly mythical race actually existed, the party led by Mr. Bryan H. Cummings, dean of archaeology at the University, entertained hopes that the expedition would result in an outstanding scientific discovery.
Guiding the party was J.E. Coker, pioneer Sonora mining man, who found three giant skeletons in the Mexican state, and who believed that many others could be found in the vicinity.
Another report by C.H. Smith, Sonora miner, said he had found seven huge skeletons buried in a cave several miles from the place described by Coker.
One large bone was removed from a skeleton and presented by Smith to an American physician, who identified the fossil as that of a human thigh bone. He said that, if the remainder of the skeleton was in proportion, it must been more than 8-feet in height.
The three skeletons found by Coker, those of a man and two women, were of the same size.
Dr. Cummings was heartened by the Smith report.
The savant regarded the find as important, owing to the necessity of locating numerous skeletons -- preferably in different localities -- in order to establish scientifically, the existence of a ‘Cyclops’ race.
Legends handed down from generation to generation by the natives of the region were related by Smith. All dealt with a race of huge men and women who lived 3000 years ago.
Scientists were familiar with these legends, and on several occasions have found large skulls of human beings, but no skeletons were found in related groups.
After leaving the United States from Nogales, Arizona, the party will travel incognito in order to avoid trouble with the war-like Yaqui Indians, who are superstitious, and resent invasion of their lands, especially on burial grounds.
Besides Coker and Dr. Cummings, several other scientists, and a United Press representative were in the party. Several Indian helpers for excavation work and a cook will be taken along.
From Tonichi, Sonora, where the party will detrain, the expedition will move overland by automobile, then to the burial grounds.

1930 - December 11th: The Telegraph-Herald & Times-Journal
A wilderness through which Coronado and his Spanish band toiled four centuries ago was entered today by a group of modern scientists on an international quest for traces of a prehistoric race of supermen.
Coronado led his men northward to discover one of the Seven Wonders of the World -- the Grand Canyon of Colorado; but this modern expedition believed it was within reach of the discoveries no less important to the world of science.
The old world conquerors of the 16th century traveled afoot and on horseback, and these men of today, for all of their 20th century knowledge, could command no better transportation.
Guided by Indian descendants of the bands that roamed this region for generations, a burro train was organized by the archaeologists today for the last twenty miles of their journey.
At the end of the twenty mile stretch, lay the skeletons of what may prove to be the long sought race of giants.
The three skeletons already discovered, along with others the scientists are confident will be found in the vicinity, will form the basis of their strange research.
Existing heretofore only as a myth, handed down from generation to generation by the superstitious natives of this country, this race of ‘Cyclops’ may be established as a scientific fact by the anticipated discoveries, scientists said.
The land through which the expedition traveled is rich in prehistoric lore, but it also bears the reputation of hiding the richest store of gold ore in the world. But, the war like Yaqui tribes that dwell in the district always have driven gold-seekers back -- at least, none have ever returned richer for the experience.
It was just such a hunt that brought J.E. Coker, veteran Sonora mining operator and guide of the present expedition, to the banks of the Yaqui River, where he found the three giant skeletons. His men were digging near the stream when they came upon a number of fossilized bones.
Forgetting the gold, the miners turned their spades to the business of uncovering their newest find. They worked through four feet of the soft earth, and found what appeared to be the remains of what had been a man and two women.
We were almost struck dumb by the discovery, said Coker. These bones were not the bones of humans such as we had expected. They were the bones of giants.
The man was eight feet three inches tall. The women were equally as large. It may have been a prehistoric family, placed there in death, and remaining to give the world a key to their existence.

1930 - December 12th: The Buckingham Post
New reports of an extinct race of supermen were received by the University of Arizona scientists, as they completed plans for an expedition to the Mexican state of Sonora in search of the long sought prehistoric giants.
Led by Dr. Bryan Cummings, dean of the university archaeological staff. The expedition will leave here shortly for Tonichi, Sonora, the last rail settlement on a trunk line that reaches into the country, where several giant skeletons already had been found.
Their first quest will be the three skeletons discovered by J.E. Coker, veteran Sonora mining man, in a wild region approximately 100 miles from Tonichi.
Meanwhile, reports from C.H. Smith, another mine operator of long experience in Sonora, strengthened hopes of the scientists that they will find definite evidences of the supposedly mythical race.
Smith said he had come upon seven huge skeletons, buried in a cave several miles from the place described by Coker.
Smith removed one large bone from a skeleton and took it to an American physician, he said. The physician identified the fossil as a human thigh bone, and said that, if the remainder of the skeleton was in proportion, it must have belonged to a man more than eight feet in height.

1930 – December 13th: St. Joseph News-Press

1930 – December 15th: The Pittsburgh Press
Scientists accompanying an international archaeological expedition continues their excavations 20 miles north of here today in search of evidence of a race of supermen.
With the skeleton remains of five children, all more than six feet tall, the scientists shifted to a spot where the skeletons of adults are believed to be buried. The remains of three adults, eight feet or more in height, were discovered recently.
Since finding the skeletons, Indians taken into the wilderness from here for excavation work have toiled unceasingly to bring to light remains of the heretofore mythical race of Cyclops.
Pottery work and implements found in the grave already uncovered show the ancient inhabitants were highly developed craftsmen.

1931 - June 12th: The Spokesman-Review
From the measurements of the giant skull at the museum of Keswick, Cumberland County, England, the stature of the giant must have been in excess of 10 feet, or about the size of the Philistine, Goliath.

1931 - September 14th: Sarasota Herald-Tribune
(From St. Louis, Missouri)
A day when giant red-skins, taller by a head than modern Indians, roamed Midwestern plains, and followed their chieftain, even into the grave, is conjured up by recent discoveries along a bluff of the Mississippi River, near here.
Nine skeletons, believed by their discoverer to be those of Indians (between) seven and eight feet tall, were unearthed by workmen.
The burial site is in a region where other aboriginal relics have been found in previous years.
Eight of the skeletons lay about twelve feet below the surface in horizontal positions, face downwards, in two converging lines.
Where they met, a skeleton of unusual size was found in an upright position.

1932 - September 14th: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
A bit of bone given to State Archaeologist, G.S. Fisher, by campers who found it on a hill overlooking the town of Elrama, a few miles from his home in Finleyville, has proven the key to the secrets of a race of prehistoric, mound building giants, who stalked the forests of Western Pennsylvania more than 10,000 years ago.
Although historians have long surmised that such a people lived here long ago, Fisher has found, what he claims are the first conclusive proofs of that theory.
Uncovering the mounds near where the bone was discovered, Fisher and his party unearthed 45 skeletons of men, women, and children, buried in circular formation, one above the other, with stone tomahawks, flint knives, and rills of bear tusks.
He announced his find yesterday, after excavating had been completed Wednesday.
Two ovens, close to the burial mound, but hidden by several feet of clay and debris, Fisher believes to have been used for baking the bodies before burial to prevent rapid deterioration. Brittle bones, coated slightly with carbon, confirm this he says.
Nearby, another mound was identified by the Finleyville archaeologist as a sacrificial altar, giving him a clue to the religious customs of this mysterious race.
One of the skeletons these mighty men is seven and a half feet, and even the remains of the women and children show them to have been of tremendous stature.
Heavy, primitive faces must have topped their mammoth bodies, Fisher says, for all of the skulls are heavy boned, with massive jaws and strong teeth that could have ripped meat into shreds.
That they are meat eaters, he is firmly convinced.
Fisher has been hunting for many years for some trace of the ancient civilization of these mound builders. For four months he had been tramping over the countryside near Elrama, vainly seeking a promising spot for excavating.
Last Wednesday, boy campers brought to him what they thought to be a human bone.
Immediately he set to work dissecting the mound near which the bone had probably lain for centuries.
The remains were contained in 11 layers of soil, one above the other, with men buried on the outer edge of the circle, and women and children near the center.
Two small copper beads, found near the bones of a woman, were the only bits of metal among the relics.
Hundreds of persons from neighboring towns flocked to Pollack Hill, high above the Monongahela River, to watch the digging, and farmers for miles around are discussing the strange find and the queer giants who once roamed the Washington county fields and hills.
Fisher will send the relics of the mound builders to the Pennsylvania State Museum in Harrisburg.

1932 – October 12th: Sarasota Herald-Tribune
(Stockton, California)
Three skeletons, one over seven feet tall, have been uncovered by Harry T. Sanford, College of the Pacific archaeologist, and a crew of men engaged in excavating a burial mound near Garwood Ferry bridge.
They are believed to be the largest Indian skeletons ever unearthed in California.

1932 - October 25th: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Wyoming’s scientists are pondering deeply over their latest archaeological acquisition, now in the temporary possession of Mrs. Cyrus Beard, state historian.
To all appearances, the object unearthed by a gold prospector, is a mummified pygmy, or the remains of a child.
The archaeological freak is a human figure, in a cramped, kneeling posture, with arms akimbo, somewhat similar to that of the Oriental Buddha.
The strangest feature is it’s dwarfed size.
With it’s shrunken legs bent sharply back at the knees and pressed tightly against the flanks, the figure sitting upright, measures but six and a half inches in height, and it’s weight is about three quarters of a pound.
With the exception of it’s arms and head, which are rather large, the object is uniformly proportioned, anatomically.
It has a fringe of silvery, gray hair at the back of the head, and a form of hair over it’s body.
The eyes, though glazed in the process of mummification, are distinct. They are about a quarter of an inch wide, and are separated by a broad, flat nose.
Cecil Mayne, an Alliance, Nebraska youth, who was prospecting for gold in the low mountains which fringe the southern edge of Pathfinder Reservoir in central Wyoming, discovered the freak.
Mayne was gophering in a side hill, using dynamite to blast out the hole, when one explosion, he said, disclosed the opening of a small cave, tightly closed with small rocks. Pulling down the barricade, Mayne said he found an apparently natural cave, which extended about 15 feet back into the hill. The aperture was only about three feet wide and four feet wide.
Crawling on his hands and knees, Mayne came upon a mummy sitting upon a narrow ledge. Mayne said he could not get farther into the hole than the ledge because of the narrowing walls.
Experts that Mayne has consulted in regard to the possible origin and identification of the freak have been frankly puzzled, but have expressed the belief it might have been an ancestor of the native Indians of America.

1932 - December 16th: The Milwaukee Journal
Another Mousterian skeleton, resembling those of the so-called Mount Carmel men discovered last year, has been found in the caves at Athlil, Palestine.
The remains of the Mt. Carmel men were first found by Theodore McCown, a young American archaeologist.
The men were a race of giants who were contemporary with the Neanderthal men of Europe.
They differed from all other prehistoric men in their long limbs, jutting chins, and in the enormous ridges over their eyes.

1933 - April 19th: The Milwaukee Journal
The mummified body of a prehistoric dwarf, which has puzzled every scientist who has inspected it, is owned by Cecil Mayne of Alliance, Nebraska.
Mayne found it in the Wyoming mountains near the Pathfinder Dam, when he was searching for gold.
No scientist has been able to trace the origin of the mummy, but some express the belief that it may have been a midget of the race that lived in this part of the world 20,000 or more years ago. No bones or fossils of this race have been found, but evidence of it is now in the Nebraska State Museum, where the skeleton of a giant bison is preserved.
This bison, which was found with flint arrowheads between the ribs, lived and was hunted by man on the plains of Nebraska between 20,000 and 100,000 year ago.
The mummy was found in a sealed cave about 60 miles south and west of Casper, Wyoming, Mayne says.
It is in a cramped, kneeling position, with arms akimbo, similar to that of an Oriental Buddha. The figure measures at six and a half inches in height, and weighs three quarters of a pound.
It has a fringe of silvery gray hair around the head, and a form of hair over the body.
The eyes, though glazed, are very distinct.
It has a broad, flat face.
The feet measure three quarters of an inch wide, and two inches in length, and it has perfect fingernails and toenails.
It is thought that the specimen was about 18 inches high before it shrunk through natural mummification.
X-ray photographs show perfect bone formation, and the skeleton of a man. The spinal column is fully developed.

1933 - May 4th: The Telegraph-Herald and Times-Journal
(From Marquette, Iowa)
Curator Edgar R. Harlan of the state historical department has asked the opportunity to examine the skeleton of the alleged prehistoric pygmy man found in excavating for the Yellow River Bridge, on highway 13, north of here.
The skeleton was found by foreman, J.H. Elder, of the Clinton Bridge Company, and is still in his possession here.
He has reconstructed it carefully, and has prepared it by amateur means for inspection by the experts of the International Natural Scientists Association, who will tour this territory with Mr. Harlan.
Dr. James Leas and Dr. Keyes, all of Iowa, are in charge of the tour of the visitors.
The outstanding abnormality of the skeleton is it’s small stature, topped by an immense head which has horn-like projections an inch in length, extending upwards from the cheeks.
The head is more than twice the size of present day humans.
The hands, feet, and rest of the body are in every way human in appearance.
The forehead sloped backward from the upper jaw, and the nose shows that it extended from the upper maxillary area, well back onto the forehead, or a distance of seven or eight inches.
Estimates of Mr. Harlan seem to indicate that the skeleton is of a man of the mound builder age of prehistoric time, but cannot be confirmed until the location of finding is witnessed and the skeleton carefully examined.

1933 - September 15th: The Vancouver Sun
Discoveries of mummies of giants and pygmies of races that roamed Mexico in prehistoric times were reported by Paxon C. Hayes, Hollywood scientist, who returned today from a trip by pack train through Northern Sonora and down the Yaqui River.
Hayes said that some of the mummies were of giant stature -- more than seven feet tall -- and had head formations indicating they belonged to the Mongoloid race.
Hayes said that the people probably antedated the Mayans.
We found in carefully plotted caves that were undisturbed these giant mummies, side by side with a race of normal stature, and a race of pygmies, who obviously used the art of mummification practiced in ancient Egypt.
Hayes said the small feet of the giants were only four and a half inches long, and indicated they had not walked great distances.
These, and other considerations, confirm my theory that they came here by boat from a continent in the Pacific, of which Australia was once a part, Hayes said.

1934 – August 10th: The Age
The sensational discovery of a skeleton, believed to be a prehistoric giant ape, measuring 31 feet, 6 inches in length, was reported from Jubbulpore.
The discovery was made by a farmer, who noticed a bone protruding from the sand on the river bank, near the village of Jaintiha.
Attempts to dislodge the skeleton with the aid of other villagers failed, whereupon the chief of the State had the skeleton dug out. Three men were required to lift it, the legs alone measuring ten feet.
The skeleton had been placed in the palace of the chief, pending examination by geologists, amongst whom the discovery has generated much interest.
The Jubbulpore district is renowned for it’s wealth of fossilized relics of an earlier age, the last important discovery three years ago, being the remains of a giant prehistoric mammal, reputed to be centuries old.

1934 - August 26th: The Herald-Journal
Indian relics -- estimated to be from 600 to 2000 years old, and included the thigh bone of a giant brave -- are being taken in large numbers from a burial mound, four and a half miles southwest of Braden, Oklahoma.
The Pocola Mining Company, composed of six Arkansas and Oklahoma men, is in charge of excavations, which begun last February.
Although it is a private enterprise, each item taken from the mound is catalogued and photographed, and careful records are being kept of the disposition of the artifacts, human bones, beads of wood and stone, pearls, and large conch shells.
Situated in the middle of a field near the Arkansas River, the mound is approximately 100 feet long, and 40 feet high at it’s peak. It is composed of sand, making digging comparatively easy. Excavations about 20 feet deep have been made.
Among treasured finds is a large femur, indicating it’s owner must have been about nine feet tall.
Bones and skeletons of other human beings are of normal size.
Charred remains, some with remnants of flesh still clinging to them, have been located, indicating the red-skins of many centuries ago cremated some of their dead.
Valuable pearls -- several of them as large as the end of a person’s thumb -- have been discovered, only to crumble when brought to light.
Almost 400 seed pearls were found, piled in a heap with crushed shells; these were strung for preservation.
Arrowheads found in the mound are of exceptionally fine workmanship.
One collector has purchased more than 1,100 arrowheads.

1934 – October 12th: The Lewiston Daily Sun
Shades of a dim and romantic past hovered about Foster’s Wharf today, as workmen demolishing old Wharf House came upon an ancient sea chest. Their noisy task was suspended while the chest was opened, and for some time thereafter.
In the chest were two mummies, swathed like two cigars, in a single linen wrapper of strips yellowed by age.
Some said the mummies were Siamese twins, but a superficial examination did not reveal that this was so.

1934 – October 24th: Sarasota Herald-Tribune
(Simcoe, Ontario)
Skeletons eight feet long have been unearthed in an ancient burial ground dating back centuries and situated on the shores of Lake Erie, leading to belief a tribe of huge Indians may once have inhabited the region.
The redskin burial ground was found by a road gang while grading down a hill.

1934 - December 9th: The Telegraph-Herald & Times-Journal
Traces of a lost race of giants, who wore turbans and mummified their dead in a manner similar to that of the ancient Egyptians, have been found in the Yaqui Indian country in Sonora, Mexico.
Announcement of the finding of thirty-seven bodies of men and women, all of whom were more than 7-feet tall, in a perfect state of preservation, was made by Byron Cummings, of the University of Arizona here.
The find was made by Paxon Hayes, Santa Barbara, California, ethnologist, Dr. Cummings said, and added, that Hayes was confident an ancient city of this tribe was buried under the debris and dust of centuries, nearby, although thus far, unlocated.
Other traces of the oriental origin of the ancient giants was reported by Hayes, who declared he had found several tables buried near the mummies. These tables were of a size and design similar to those unearthed in the heart of the Gobi desert.
As was the case in the Gobi, the tables were buried near the mummies.
Because of the perfect state of preservation of the mummies, Hayes, according to Cummings, assumes the ancient race believed in incarnation, and through some secret method, were able to preserve the bodies against dissolution by the elements.
Hayes’ find is the first verification of the Yaqui legends that a race of giants formerly lived in the Sonora desert country.
It was pointed out, that while the ancient giants were up to eight feet tall, they had feet no larger than modern man.

1934 – December 27th: The Southeast Missourian
Discovery of eight giant human skeletons, arranged in four layers so that each pair formed a cross in a shallow Indian mound near here, apparently sheds a new light on religious customs of prehistoric tribes who once inhabited the Ozarks.
Rev. S. P. Newberry, Springfield archaeologist, believed it ‘highly probable’ that the crosses formed by the skeletons were of religious significance.
’The Indian Cross,’ he explained, ‘has always indicated a place of worship. In this particular case, it seems a reasonable supposition that the eight skeletons were those of a high priest of some cult and his attendants.’
’It was the custom of some tribes to sacrifice a priest’s attendants when the priest died, and to bury them with him, just as a dead man’s horse, dog, and food were buried with him.’
In the crook of an arm of one of the skeletons was found an ancient stone sacrificial bowl, with markings which were exactly like four strange idols recently discovered by Mr. Newberry in the Coleman Cavern, north of Springfield.

1935 - February 2nd: The Telegraph-Herald & Times-Journal
Discovery of fossil remains, apparently those of a human being, but 15 inches tall, and a diminutive cow only three inches taller, led to the belief Wednesday, perhaps a race of pygmies once dwelt in India.
Should the find be authenticated, it was considered likely the discovery would have some effect on the current theories regarding the early dwellings of the human race.
Investigators expressed the opinion a new field had been opened for study of a long-extinct race of small men, much more diminutive than the Obongo, Akka, or Batwa tribes of pygmies in central Africa. These tribes measure between four feet and five feet tall.
Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, English anthropologist, said in London, when informed of the finds, that if all the reports were true, the pygmies would be the smallest race of people ever known.
He declared, however, that a long check would be necessary, saying ‘I do not recall ever hearing of a man as tiny as this; the smallest that I know of are the Akkas of central Africa, who still exist’.
Pygmy cows, however, are not uncommon. Smith says that he has seen some preserved at Trinity College in Dublin, which are bigger. They are freak cows, born a long time ago.
Another reason why the reports from India must be checked, is that the find might be that of a dwarf.

1935 - February 21st: The Evening Post
(From Australia/New Zealand National Archives)
The fossil remains of a 15 inch tall pygmy man, a 10 inch long walking stick, and an 18 inch tall cow have been reported to have been discovered at Vadnagar, in India.
The discovery is likely to cause a revision of the theories regarding the cradle of the human race, as they indicate an extinct Indian race more diminutive than the smallest known pygmies found in central Africa.

1935 - February 21st: The Leader-Post
Discovery of fossil remains, apparently those of a human being, but only 15 inches tall, and a diminutive cow only three inches taller, led to the belief Wednesday that, perhaps a race of pygmies once dwelt in India.
Should the find be authenticated, it was considered likely that the discovery would have some effect on the theories regarding the early dwelling places of the human race.
The remains excavated include those of a pygmy man, measuring 15 inches tall, a cow measuring 18 inches tall, and a walking stick measuring 10 inches long.
Investigators expressed the opinion that a new field of study has been opened for study of a long-extinct race of small men, much more diminutive in size than the Obongo, the Akka, or the Batwa tribes of pygmy found in central Africa. These tribes measure between four and five feet in height.
Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, famous anthropologist, said in London, that if the reports were true, the pygmies would be the smallest race of people ever known.

1935 - March 8th: The Milwaukee Journal
One day this Spring, Paxon C. Hayes, Santa Barbara ethnologist, will post down from the Yaqui infested hills of Sonora, Mexico, and tell a tale that will set the scientific world by it’s ears.
It will have to do with the finding of the lost city of the giant men.
While I was in Nogales, Arizona, six weeks ago, Hayes, the discoverer of the lost city, came out of the hills long enough to re-supply, and to present competent, factual proof of the nature of his discoveries, before returning to the site of the lost city, which is 11 days mule back journey, southward from Hermosilla, capital of Sonora.
Hayes had pictures of the mummified bodies of members of the race of giants.
Thirty-four mummies have been uncovered, and the smallest one measured seven feet and one inch in height.
He had pictures of the ruins of the buildings, and samples of the burial shrouds, all in a fair state of preservation.
Confirmation of the presence of the ruins of an ancient civilization in Sonora came two years ago. Since then, Hayes’ party has made seven expeditions into the Yaqui country.
'We stumbled onto the city through the luckiest sort of break', Hayes said.
We camped one evening by a strange waterfall, choosing that site because of the convenience, and because one sleeps more peacefully within earshot of running water.
In the night, one of our burros broke away from the picket line. When they went out to round him up the next morning, he was found behind the cascade.
His tail was toward the water, and his nose was pointing at a tunnel-like opening in what had been supposed to be a solid rock wall.
The passage way cut straight into the rock.
They walked straight through, and in five minutes, they were viewing a hidden valley, never before seen by the white men.
It is the kind of topographical feature known as a blind canyon in the west, being sealed on all sides by perpendicular cliffs.
In the bottom of that canyon, they found the lost city of the Sonora giants.
They found walls of ruined houses that were 17 feet thick, and built of baked mud and bamboo.
There were unmistakable evidences that the lost race, after the fashion of the Aztecs, sought to appease their gods by making religious sacrifices of human beings.

1935 – July 7th: Youngstown Vindicator
More than 20 skeletons, believed those of a race of Carankaways, giant, grass-hopper eating Indians once inhabiting this part of the state, have been found near Harlington.
The skeletons were unearthed during construction of an irrigation project, and show the men were six inches taller than the average man of today.
The Carankaways were said to have lived also on seafood, but are believed to have roamed the brush like animals, not building shelter of any kind.

1935 – August 4th: The Milwaukee Journal
(Paris, France)
Nine tombs of prehistoric giants, the tallest of whom was seven feet ten inches, were discovered by workmen building a road under the town of Gap, capital of Hautes-Alpes, according to a story in the Petit-Parisien.
The giants were buried in sarcophagi constructed of flat stones, but no tools or weapons indicating the period in which they lived could be found.
It was believed they belonged to some hitherto unknown race.

1936 - October 5th: Rochester Journal
After a summer spent nosing around the Aleutian Islands, Dr. Alex Hrdlicka is home with a big head.
In fact, the skull which the Smithsonian Institution anthropologist picked up, once contained the largest human brain of record in the western hemisphere, Institution scientists say.
The skull, believed to have belonged to an Aleut who lived hundreds of years ago, had a brain capacity of 2005 cubic centimeters. The average man has 1450 cubic centimeters, and the average woman, 1300.

1936 - December 24th: The Spokesman-Review
(From Austin, Texas)
Evidence of a race of giant, warrior Indians which roamed the hills and plains of Texas nearly 1000 years ago has been discovered by E.F. Pohl, archaeologist, in excavations at Cobb Spring, near Georgetown.
Pohl, who spent 20 years unearthing secrets of the aborigines in the southwest, says that he has found the skeletal remains of 67 bodies, many of whom measured at a height of 7 feet or more.
A number were in a common burial pit, in a state of disorder, as if dumped by a victorious enemy, after, what Pohl believes, was a defense of the spring, more than eight centuries ago.
Pohl, his wife, and a crew of workers also uncovered large numbers of arrowheads, spearheads, beads, hoes, hammers, drills, peace pipes, and clay pots. One of these pots measured 53 inches in diameter.
The teeth of the skeletons were in perfect condition, indicating that they were young men, possibly the flower of the tribe’s braves.
Moss agate arrowheads, a material not indigenous to Texas, and an ornamental peace pipe of red pipe stone (the nearest known source being Minnesota), led Pohl to believe in the existence of widespread commerce among North American tribes. Migrations, or even aboriginal, traveling salesmen, may have been responsible.
An exquisite ornament of conch shells, decorated with drilled patterns, and a piece of notched slate, believed to be a ceremonial instrument or calendar were found.

1937 - June 6th: The Sunday Morning Star
Undisturbed for possibly centuries, several skeletons have been discovered here as further evidence of the mysterious tribe of sun worshippers, known as the mound builders, who flourished before the first white men came to Illinois.
The skeletons were unearthed in a field south of here by farmers, who were plowing the land for spring planting.
At a depth of one foot or less, they uncovered one human skeleton intact, and nearby, a number of bones and ornaments which indicated that at least five or six other bodies had been buried there.
Scientists were asked to examine the complete skeleton, and it was indicated that the body had been almost seven feet in height.
The teeth were almost perfect.
The find again aroused interest in the huge earthen structures which dot the bottom land in the region.
The largest mound, still unopened, stands in a state park near Collinsville, Illinois. It is known as Monk’s Mound, and was constructed in a series of plateaus.
On it’s top were indications that an ‘eternal fire’ of sun worshippers had burned there until the complete extinction of the race.

1941 - August 17th: The Milwaukee Sentinel
"Did a strange race of pygmies roam the Americas millions of years ago?"
"Where did they come from, and where did they go?"
"Were they the progenitors of the American Indians?"
"Some of the greatest scientists in the world have been pondering these questions and many more for the past seven years, because of one of the most unique anthropological finds ever recorded on this continent."
"The discovery was made in October of 1932 in the Pedro Mountains, a chain of the Rockies, about 65 miles southwest of Casper, Wyoming by two gold prospectors, Frank Garr and Cecil M. Main."
"These men were blasting with dynamite in a gulch at the foot of one of the chains of the mountains comprising a rugged range."
"The explosion opened up a natural cave, approximately 15 feet long by 4 feet wide and 4 feet deep."
"Upon closer investigation, Main discovered, after crawling through the small opening, an archaeological freak in the form of a mummified, miniature man, squatting on a rocky ledge with arms folded, head bowed slightly, and legs in a semi-kneeling posture."
"Main declared that he immediately was taken with chills as he picked up the mummy and crawled back through the cave to the outside, where he showed his find to his partner."
"The story continues, as Garr allegedly said, ‘The Curse of the Pedro Chain is upon us --- Looks like our number is up, Cecil -- Maybe double-death, but God grant that it won’t be violence’."
"Frank Garr dies soon afterwards, a victim of the Pedro Curse."
"Cecil Main, although not a superstitious lad, has been dogged with hard luck ever since he came into possession of the pygmy."
"In April of 1934, Cecil Main sold the mummy to Homer F. Sherill, of Crawford, Nebraska, who has spent 7 years going from scientist to scientist trying to find out the origin of the species, or something about the mysterious Pedro Curse, but so far, world famous scientists have been mystified by both."
"A few of the very old-timers near Cheyenne have heard of this curse, but no one knows exactly what it is, or what it does, except that it brings bad luck and death."
"The little pygmy measures six and a half inches in it’s squatting position, approximately 18 to 20 inches in standing position, and weighs three fourths of a pound, but is thought to be much heavier in life."
"The noticeable features are the bronze skin, low forehead, flat nose, and flat head with a fringe of black and gray hair."
"The sex of the specimen is plainly masculine, with it’s determining organs well preserved."
"It has a full set of teeth, and it’s eyes, although glazed, appear distinctly."
"It is estimated that the pygmy was 65 years old at death."
"There are noticeable traces of very fine hair on the body."
"An X-ray picture of the mummy reveals human vertebrate and all other identifiable bones of the body, even to the muscles."
"Also discernible in the X-ray is the food in the stomach, which appears to have been raw meat."
"The teeth in the front of the mouth are pointed, and of the flesh eating variety."
"Recently, Mr. Sherrill returned home, very much discouraged because curators and scientists from all over the world have been unable to help him; while none had ever seen such a specimen, most of them concluded that the mummy had been placed in the cave during the post-glacial period."
"The late doctor, Henry Fairfield Osborn, noted scientist, claimed that there existed in North America, about the middle of the Pliocene Period, a high form of anthropoid, with a leaning to the human side, to which he gave the name, Hesperopithecus."
"Great Indian migrations of prehistoric times, shown on mapped illustrations of the Smithsonian Institution, might have some bearing on the race of people from which this specimen came. These maps reveal the routes by which prehistoric tribes marched for generations, from west of Mississippi toward the Atlantic Ocean, pioneering in exactly the opposite direction taken by the whites."
"These migration trails led from northwest and southwest across the Mississippi, and were the last laps of an age-long trek by which scientists believe nomadic Asiatic tribes gradually pushed through Siberia, across the Bering Strait, and down the Americas."
"Probably the American Indians are their descendants."
"In the summer of 1934, a scientist found 30 well-developed primate skulls in the Beartooth Mountains, a range of the Rocky Mountains in Montana, about 300 miles northwest of where this mummy was found. He estimates that these primates from which man descended lived from 156 to 175 millions of years ago, and that the age of the mummy was approximately 3 million years."
"For centuries, pygmies have held a strange fascination for ethnologists."
"Long before Stanley’s time, Herodotus, the father of history, recorded their existence and their customs. He called them a nation of little men, who wore garments made of palm leaves, and who left their cities and fled to the mountains on the approach of invaders."
"Relics and stories of these manikins are to be found in all countries. They are nomads by nature, wandering from place to place, and supporting life by hunting."
"Pygmies have no family ties of affection, such as those of mother to son, or sister to brother, and seem to be wanting in all social qualities."
"The low state of their mental development is shown by their disregard for time, nor have they any records or traditions of the past. No religion is known among them, nor have they any fetish rites."
"They are the closest link with the original ‘Darwinian Anthropoid Ape’."
"The men wear a strip of cloth around the loins, and the women simply a bunch of leaves. They have no ornaments of any kind, which shows their low development. They have no music or musical instruments. Their only dancing consists of strutting around in a circle to the tapping of a bow with an arrow."
"When a pygmy dies, he is buried and forgotten."
"In July of 1937, a new race of pygmies was discovered in mountainous Annam, hinterland of southeast Asia, hitherto believed uninhabited."

1942 - October 16th: The Reading Eagle
"Australian troops have discovered in the Owen Stanley Mountains of New Guinea, a tribe of strange pygmies, most of whom are only 36 inches tall, and who dress themselves in tree bark, an Australian war correspondent reported today."
"The tribesmen, known as the Moikodis, tend the hill gardens of other natives, the correspondent reported."
"He said that in one village he had visited, the tallest Moikodi was 38 inches tall."
"There had been reports of a small race of pygmies living in the mountains, almost unexplored until the Pacific war started, but Australian troops were the first to confirm them, the correspondent said."
"He reported that the tribe was numerically small, and seemed to be dying out due to interbreeding."
"The smallest people previously known in New Guinea were the 48 inch tall pygmies of the Ramu Valley."

1943 - May 28th: The Montreal Gazette
"Discovery of large-sized Indian bones by victory gardeners at Departure Bay, three miles north of here, is believed to have to give support to the legend that a giant tribe inhabited Vancouver Island 300 years ago."
"The lower jaw, part of the skull, and the shin bone of an Indian were unearthed, and preliminary examination suggests that their original owner may have been over 7 feet tall, and weighed more than 400 pounds, and was between 70 and 80 years old when he died."
"It is believed he may have died in battle, as the legend persists that a giant tribe exterminated the Nanaimo Indians 300 years ago at Departure Bay."

1947 - January 29th: The Miami News
"A massive skeleton, measuring more than seven feet, bronze swords, and urns have been found in Azerbaijan, the magazine Ogonyok reported yesterday."
"A vast, ancient burial ground, dating from the first or second century B.C. has been uncovered during excavations connected with the Minchegaur hydro-electric power plant."
"Three types of burials have been found, one in which the body was doubled and placed into an urn."

1947 - August 5th: The Milwaukee Journal
"A retired Ohio doctor has discovered relics of an ancient civilization, whose men were 8 or 9 feet tall, in the Colorado Desert near the Arizona-Nevada-California line, an associate said Monday."
"Howard E. Hill of Los Angeles, speaking before the Transportation Club, disclosed that several well-preserved mummies were taken from caverns in an area roughly 180 square miles, extending through much of southern Nevada from Death Valley, California, across the Colorado River into Arizona."
"Hill said the discoverer is Dr. F. Bruce Russell, retired Cincinnati physician, who came across the first of several tunnels in 1931, shortly after coming west to try mining for his health."
"Not until this year, however, did Dr. Russell go into the situation thoroughly, Hill told the luncheon."
"With Dr. Daniel S. Bovee of Los Angeles -- who with his father helped open up New Mexico’s cliff dwellings -- Dr. Russell has found mummified remains, together with implements of the civilization, which Dr. Bovee had tentatively placed at about 80,000 years old."
"These giants were clothed in garments consisting of a medium length jacket and trouser extending slightly below the knees, said Hill. The texture of the material is said to resemble gray, dyed sheepskin, but obviously it was taken from an animal unknown today."
"Hill said that in another cavern was found the ritual hall of the ancient people, together with devices and markings similar to those now used by the Masonic Order."
"In a long tunnel were well-preserved remains of animals, including elephants and tigers."
"So far, Hill added, no women had been found."
"He said the explorers believed that what they found was the burial place of the tribe’s hierarchy."
"Hieroglyphs, he added, bear a resemblance to what is known of those from Atlantis. They are chiseled on carefully polished granite."
"He said Dr. Viola V. Pettit of London, who made excavations around Petra on the Arabian Desert, shortly will begin an inspection of the remains."

1950 - March 4th: Oxnard Press-Courier
"A noted scientist reported today he had made an 'inconclusive' study of a 14-inch mummy, believed by it’s owner to be the body of a miniature, prehistoric man."
"Dr. Harry L. Shapiro, chairman of the department of anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History said the owner told him the mummy had been found in a cave near Casper, Wyoming."
"He said an X-Ray examination showed a skeletal structure, and it appeared to be covered with dried skin."
"If this mummy is that of an adult, it is smaller than dwarf types now known, such as midgets and pygmies, Shapiro said."
"The 48-year old scientist said the owner, whom he identified only as a Casper businessman, brought the mummy to New York for examination, but had taken it back to Wyoming recently before microscopic and chemical tests of the tissue could be made."
"Shapiro said he had examined the mummy for a month."
"The little thing was stiffened in squatting position on it’s heels, with it’s arms around it’s knees," Shapiro said. "It was nine inches high, and would have been 14 inches high if it were in standing position."
"There was dark hair on the back and sides of the head, he said."
"Shapiro said he had seen pygmies in Malaya, but "none nearly as small as this specimen."
"The scientist said he could not estimate the age of the mummy. He said there were no indications of civilization on it, such as cloth wrappings or ornaments."
"I can only say that if this thing is a human adult, it would be the first evidence of a race of little men on the continent that I have seen." he said."

1950 - December 11th: Lodi News-Sentinel
"An ancient burial ground discovered on the lands of a farmer at Four Knocks, in the County Meath, is being studied by officials of the National Museum."
"They have been working at one of four mounds."
"Their work already has revealed subterranean passages and chambers, similar to the world-famous caves at Newgrange, eight miles away."
"During recent weeks, the little village of Conalvey has been thronged with people from all over their country who have come to view the excavations."
"The date of some of the finds has been established at 1500 to 2000 B.C."
"The chief discovery so far is a 15-foot passageway, leading to a circular chamber in the center of the mound."
"The chamber, which is 15-feet in circumference and 18-feet from floor to roof, is constructed by overlapping flagstones, and contains three small alcoves, arranged in a cruciform plan."
"Each alcove is roofed with a massive weighted slab, and decorated with unusual workings that are similar to those at Newgrange."
"On the floor of the chamber, small pebbles were found scattered around. They had been drilled, and are believed to be the remains of necklaces, typical of the period."
"The large quantities of the residue of cremated bones and charcoal which were found also bore witness to the great extent to which the chamber had been used as a crematorium."
"Many interesting specimens of skeletons were discovered in the passage, which was seven feet in height."
"Two of the skeletons were much larger in height and width than the largest man of the present day."
"Excavations on the surface of the mound revealed several shallow graves which contained the skeletons of adults and infants."
"The graves, which were made of stone slabs, also contained earthenware urns, characteristic of vessels dating to 2000 B.C."
"Several stones bearing peculiar markings were found in the earth near the graves."
"To date, only one of the four mounds has been explored, and research work on the remaining three will begin shortly."

1953 - July 7th: The Pittsburgh Press
"A race of dwarfs, smaller than any pygmies now living, dwelt in the region of Schleswig-Holstein, in Northern Germany, some 350,000 years ago."
"The discovery, which apparently pushes back the known antiquity of man in Germany some 200,000 years, has been made by Dr. Alfred Rust, who studied the excavations made in the region last year."
"Lilliputian-size implements were found at a depth of 39 feet below the surface."
"Previously, the oldest human remains ever found in Germany were those of the Heidelberg Man, a Neanderthal creature that lived some 100,000 to 150,000 years ago in the forests just east of the Rhine."
"The Schleswig-Holstein dwarfs also are much more ancient than the cannibal pygmies which lived 12,000 years ago in Scania Province, in southern Sweden, where the skeleton of a 4 foot 10 inch, old man with a huge head, short legs, and a flat nose was found in the Agerod Bog."

1955 - August 13th: St. Joseph News-Press
"Ireland has it’s fairies and leprechauns; and Cornwall has it’s pixies, or so the legends tell us."
"Almost everyone has heard stories from the Old World of persons who have either seen fairies, or have had a spell cast upon them by the little people."
"Yet it may come as a surprise to many to learn that America also has it’s ‘Little People’, a race of dwarfs who live (or lived), according to the Indian legends, underground or in caves, venturing out only at night."
"The Cayuga Indians believe that these ‘Little People’ travel in pairs, and have the power to inflict illness upon those who offend them. Therefore, it was against tribal custom to molest them, or seek to discover their hiding places."
"Many of the natives carved their figures from fruit pits, as a form of flattery, and scattered them where the dwarfs would be sure to find them."
"From time to time, the Indians would come upon small rocks placed in a circle, these marking the council places of the little folk."
"Among the Six Nations Indians, there are men still living who claim to have actually seen members of this pygmy race."
"The Hurons tell of tiny footprints embedded in stone."
"The Algonquin believe in numerous forest elves."
"According to the Cherokees, the ‘Little People’ are about two feet high, and may be divided into four main groups, dwelling in such varied places as caves, lofts, or among the rushes."
"How true are these legends?"
"We know that there are dwarf races existing today in the jungles of South America, although these are nearer four feet than two."
"Remains of dwarfs have been discovered in Peru, and in 1830, two German travelers saw a living dwarf in South American jungles who were 3 feet tall."
"Although no pygmy remains have been found in the United States or Canada, it is possible that the Indian legends refer to an ancient race who had once lived here."
"There must also be considered the theory of scientists who have suggested that our Indians migrated here from Mexico."

1955 - October 26th: The Calgary Herald
"One of the reasons for Hannibal’s early successes against Roman legions 2,100 years ago may have been soldiers, 7-feet tall."
"Excavations made of Pecetto Hill, three miles from Turin, Italy, have uncovered an ancient Roman town, skeletons of men and horse, and what apparently was part of a temple."
"Seven of the skeletons indicated that the men were seven feet tall, and of an African race."

1958 - September 27th: The Calgary Herald
"A few days ago, flipping through the pages of a widely read magazine, I came across one of those items that most persons would put into the category of 'facts-not-worth-filing'; but, because I am always intrigued by 'esoteric curiosa', I made a mental note of the information, which was that only three petrified human footprints have ever been found, two in Italy and one in Mexico."
"This disclosure immediately brought to mind an item I had received some years before, while working in Saskatchewan; a photograph of what appeared to be a human footprint, deeply impressed into a large chunk of granite rock."
"The rock, we understand, was turned up on the farm of Curtis McCammack, southwest of Gravel Bourg, in about 1910, when a well was being dug up."
"It lay unnoticed for many years, until, in 1952, Mr. McCammack, who was on his way home in the rain, happened to glance at the boulder and noticed the foot mark."
"It was subsequently sent to Regina for examination and classification, and was dismissed by experts there as 'a curious accident'. Some claim it was carved by Indians."
"That the experts know how to determine the vagaries of chance from the handiwork of man, I have no doubt, yet the intriguing presence of the footprint in the rock seems to have a direct connection with a number of stories that have been circulating for years; stories that have never been satisfactorily explained, either as fact or as fiction."
"Certainly, if factual, they have attracted very little attention among the legitimate scientists, being confined rather to that group of individuals who are termed as 'borderline' scientist; the kind who takes particular delight in offering 'authentic' proof of the existence of flying saucers, living dinosaurs, and so forth."
"On the other hand, if one overlooks the convenience with which scientific evidence seems to 'disappear', the stories could well be revolutionary, where paleontology and anthropology are concerned."
"At the least, they are fascinating tales, which perhaps bear retelling because of their merit as exactly that."
"A number of years ago, a party of spelunkers, exploring one of the Mojave Caves near Klammuth Falls, Oregon, came across the mammoth skeleton of a man. (This I assume to be true, since I read it in a reputable scientific journal)."
"The skeleton, 18-feet tall, was human in all respects, save that it had a double-row of teeth in it’s jaws."
"What subsequently became of it, the story did not disclose."
"When I spoke briefly with a man who had examined the Gravel Bourg stone, however, I was told that the print was of enormous size, and would have had to have been made by a man at least 10-feet tall, hence the opinion that it was not a footprint at all, but a natural curiosity."
"The two stories are not, of course, related, but it is interesting to speculate."
"Another weird story dates back to California gold rush days."
"According to a newspaper story of the time, (1849), a group of Mojave Indians, (the same tribe from which the Mojave Caves of Oregon take their name) reported to the parish priest that they had discovered the burial place of a god."
"The priest hastened to examine the find."
"In a great sarcophagus, carved with the image of a giant, wearing a mitre shaped crown, the priest is said to have found a huge, human skeleton, over 15-feet tall, with six digits on either hand and feet, and with double-rows of teeth in the jaws."
"The priest, fearful that lest his recently converted flock should be persuaded by this discovery to return to the worship of their ancestral gods, ordered the sarcophagus to be reinterred, and it has never since been relocated. (This is the first of these examples of 'convenient' lack of scientific evidence which I mentioned)."
"The second such instance concerns a story told by a U.S. Army veteran."
"According to this story, the veteran, during the Second Great War, was attached to a team of U.S. Army Engineers, whose duty it was to construct a military base on the island of Shemya, in the Aleutian archipelago."
"Since the Japanese occupied adjacent islands, the work had to be carried out in the utmost secrecy."
"Army bulldozers, it was reported, turned out of the sludge, a number of human bone fragments, and several nearly complete skeletons. All were of tremendous size."
"One was said to have measured 24-feet in height; again there were double-rows of teeth and six digits on either hand and feet."
"The young man who later pleaded with the Captain in charge to allow him to preserve the specimens, or at least send word of their discovery to the proper authorities in the States, but permission was refused."
"The priceless paleontological treasures were turned into the tarmack by the bulldozers."
"After reading this story, I waited patiently to hear that something was being done to retrieve the bones."
"Shemya Island was closed as a military base in 1953, but to date, I have heard nothing further concerning the 'giants'. (Again, there seems to be a 'convenient loss' of scientific proof)."
"It is also on record that a very large human skull had been dredged up from the bottom of the Straits of Juan de Fuca, and was on display for many years in the Victoria, B.C. museum."
"One story that might bear further investigation, however, is the alleged discovery of outsized human footprints, impressed in limestone rock, near the headwaters of the Tennessee River. The Tennessee appears to rise near Clingman's Dome, a mountain in the Great Smokies, on the border between Tennessee and Alabama."
"According to the story I saw, however, the footprints measured 17 and a half inches across at the heel, and were first reported by white men in 1810. These prints were accompanied by the footprints of a large horse. (All that I have ever read about the prints was contained in that one story, and it would seem that if such unusual tracks did exist, they would be much more well-known than the story would have us believe."
"There were Giants in the Earth in those days, say Genesis, and the legends of all ancient peoples contain stories of men of great size and strength."
"These giants were variously referred to as the 'Mu-A-Lushka', of the southern desert, the 'Wendigo' of the MacKenzie River district and northern Quebec, and the 'Sasquatch' of British Columbia."
"Recently, Soviet scientists have reported the existence of living Neanderthal Men, in the region of the Gobi desert."
"No one has ever solved the riddle of the 'Jungli Admi', or the 'Abominable Snowman' of the high Himalayas, and archaeologists have unearthed some extremely early human remains which antedate anything found previously, and indicates that mankind has been around far longer than was previously believed."
"Nonetheless, scientists are thorough men, and if their conclusions about the Gravel Bourg stone should not prove satisfactory in the light of future discoveries, the 50 pound boulder from Curtis McCammack's farm might prove more important than it is presently supposed."

1973 - April 15th: Sarasota Herald-Tribune
"Hog farmers Howard and John Price operate a cemetery to augment their income."
"For 50 cents, they let outsiders take a tour of their graveyard. They have on display the skeletal remains of 146 men, women, and children."
"Our burial place is the fifth most popular tourist spot in the State of Kansas, said John Price, 75, with obvious pride."
"We're not getting rich on it. We make much more raisin' hogs."
"But, we get 10,000 to 20,000 people coming through here each year, which ain't bad."
"John Price and his brother Howard, 73, have operated the graveyard as a public attraction since 1936, when the first of the graves on their hog ranch (five miles east of Salina), was discovered."
"Exhibited are the remains of a race of giant Indians, believed to have lived in Kansas about 800 years ago."
"People enjoy coming here. It's a novelty -- something different, said Price, as he brushed a mixture of alcohol and shellac on the remains of a child to preserve the tiny skeleton."
"I can recall only two or three people in the last 37 years who didn't think that it was worth 50 cents."
"The hog farmer admitted, however, that he has had complaints from Indians in recent months."
"That bunch raisin' hell in Wounded Knee stopped by here last fall, said Price. They claimed that we were violating the rights of Indians by displaying the bones."
"They said that the skeletons were only 150 years old. They asked how we'd like it if our relatives were dug up and Indians charged admission for people to come and see them."
"The Price brothers said that they presented the Indians with documents from the Smithsonian Institution, showing that carbon tests taken of the skeletons indicated the burials took place about 1200 AD."
"The Price brothers insist the exposed skeletons -- shown exactly as they were found in digs by amateur archaeologists 37 years ago -- have educational value."
"We get many university professors and students from all over the Mid-West, one said."
"Notice the way they were buried, their arms and legs folded up against their chest, he asked as he walked from one skeleton to another."
"The Indians waited several months after death, and then buried their loved ones, folding up their bodies like they were when they were born."
"See how all the skeletons are buried North to South, then, look at the direction that the skulls are facing."
"Archaeologists tell us if the head faced the rising sun, that person died in the morning. If his head faced the setting sun, then he died in the afternoon."
"Them on their backs, they died at night."
"Nearly all the adult skeletons are men and women who would have stood 7-feet in height."
"On exhibit in the souvenir shop are pottery, ceremonial flint knives, necklaces made of shells, grinding stones, and other artifacts found in a village site near the cemetery."
"Billboards in the Salina area proclaim:"
"Largest prehistoric Indian burial pit in the Middle West. A must-see for every vacationer at the Price Brothers' farm."

"Chamber of Commerce brochures advise visitors in Salina not to miss the burial pit -- 'one of the most important archaeological discoveries in the nation'."
"The recent Indian objection to the exhibit did have one effect."
"A Lutheran church group cancelled it’s annual convention in Salina."
"Lutheran leaders said they would boycott the city and not hold another convention there until the Indian cemetery on the hog ranch was closed to public visitation."

1973 - July 25th: The Milwaukee Journal
A Venezuelan archaeologist reported a fabulous find Wednesday that he said showed a civilization of pygmy Indians existed 1,600 years ago in South America.
Adrian Lucena Goyo, the director of the archaeological museum in the western state of Lara, said workmen had unearthed about 2,000 skeletons of pygmies.
The burial ground actually was found two years ago, Lucena Goyo said, but not until scientific studies were completed did he make his announcement on what it meant.
There are at least 2,000 fossils in the cemetery, he said, almost all of them in perfect state, and in the same position in which they were buried, with ceramic works and necklaces.
Carbon-14 tests determined the age of the skeletons, he said.

1973 - August 4th: The Pittsburgh Press
Bulgarian archaeologists have unearthed the skeleton of a Cyclops, while excavating near the town of Razlog in the southwest of the country, the Bulgarian News Agency, BTA, said.
The brief report said the skeleton, which was found in a burial place, was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had only one eye-socket, located in the forehead above the nasal cavity.
According to Greek mythology, the Cyclops were a race of giants, with a single eye in the middle of their foreheads.

1985 - June 18th: The Courier
There are some wonderful stories about prehistoric discoveries in Arizona in early day newspaper clippings.
Some of these stories are believable, and some are not. But, all stir the imagination.
A story dated 1911 told about a farmer, Peter Marx of Walnut Creek, who dug up a skeleton of a prehistoric human giant on his farm several weeks prior.
The article said that Marx had been deluged with letters and visitors, including a couple from the Smithsonian Institute, who were interested in 'those portions of the human frame that were intact, particularly the skull, which indicated that the giant was of such abnormal size as to be beyond the comprehension as that of a human being'.
In 1901, while workmen were digging for sewer connections in West Prescott, they unearthed the skeleton of a giant, an article reported. The supposition was that the skeleton was an Indian, exceeding 6 and a half feet tall.
The Prescott Journal-Miner reported in 1898, about a find along Oak Creek.
John Love, of Flagstaff, spent part of each year exploring Oak Creek. He discovered an ancient burying ground from which he dug up over fifty skeletons, and a very large amount of ancient pottery.
One of the skulls unearthed was a great curiosity, and had evidently belonged to a human freak of the ancients who inhabited that country. It measured 18-inches from the chin to the top of the skull. The jaw bone was fully four inches wide, and the skull alone might easily be mistaken for some kind of animal. As the bones of the body, however, were found with it, Mr. Love says that there can be no mistake about it’s belonging to a human being. Two tusks of unusual size protrude from one of the jaws, but otherwise, the teeth are those of a human.
A newspaper clipping dated 1882, reported the find of another giant.
The skeleton was found by 'Uncle Ike' Bradshaw, while excavating some earth near one of his mining claims west of Prescott. The article said the bones of the human being were mammoth in size.
The thigh bone and ribs were in a fair state of condition and double the size of the ordinary man of the 19th century.
The bones above mentioned were found in an earthen coffin made of a material similar to the pottery so profusely scattered all over Arizona.
This is the first instance that we have heard of where a coffin has been found, although it is possible that the people who lived here two or three hundred years, or perhaps a thousand years ago, were so far civilized as to use earthen caskets for the burial of their dead.
Many of the old time articles commented on the civilization of the ancient people. As prehistoric irrigation systems, dwellings, and artifacts were discovered, writers began to speculate on the intelligence of the long gone people.
One writer began his article; 'That Arizona was inhabited before the dawn of history, and by a people, perhaps two races of people, who were well-advanced in the arts of civilization is beyond question...'.
... By far the most interesting remains of this people are their network of canals which prevail through all the valleys of the Territory. The longest is the one tapping the Gila River, and which supplied with water the Casa Grande, about which so much has been written...
The writer told about another ancient city 'with a population of no less than 500,000. For miles and miles, the mounds, in perfectly regular order, tell the tale of houses destroyed by the ravages of time, and of a magnificence not excelled today. Phoenix was built upon the ruins of this ancient city, hence it’s name.
Many accounts are written about Montezuma's Castle and Montezuma's Well.
An old prospector, George Barnard, found an image cut out of granite weighing several tons, near Montezuma's Well.
The arms, shoulders, and head are well-developed, but real artistic work was manifested in the chiseling of the face. It does not wear an expression of malignity or horror, as is usually the case with these prehistoric idols, but one of kindness and meditation."
The hair, and even the eyebrows are brought out in very bold relief, and this one thing above all else suggests that those who carved the statue must have had other tools than the stone ones which we see about the base of the eminence.
The article described Montezuma's Well as 'one of the most interesting natural curiosities in Arizona'.
It measures about 400 feet across, is circular in shape, and from a point 300 feet down, is filled with water as clear and sweet as a mountain spring. No one has ever been able to find it’s depth, and by common reputation is considered bottomless.
The niches in the walls are filled with the homes of Cliff Dwellers, many of them inaccessible without ropes and ladders.
An 1893 article described either Montezuma's Castle or Montezuma's Well. The writer frequently intertwines the two locations in the story, so it's hard to tell which site that he was describing. It states:
'...on the Upper Verde, there are the ruins of castles, still in as good a state of preservation, and much resembling many of those in the north of England and Scotland'.
After describing the granite mountain with the cliff in it, the writer described the building as 'over 400 feet in length by 250 feet in width, with one of the walls still standing 4 stories in height, though some earthquake has changed the surface of the mountain, toppling one wall and causing another to tip towards the north.
One structure alone contains over 200 rooms, and could easily have accommodated a thousand people.
Behind this was a cave, partly natural and partly artificial, that extends more than 100 feet, and through which they descended to the water. This was also cut up into rooms, each one of which was nicely plastered with some kind of cement that is now in a good state of preservation.
The article said that 20 skeletons were found in this cave. The skulls of some had been crushed, while others appear to have died a natural death.
One writer said that in the construction of joists at Montezuma's Castle, the ancient people used huge timbers, 18 inches in diameter and 16 feet long. It is a mystery how the builders got those heavy timbers up the cliff and over the frail wall of so high a structure without mechanical appliances equal to those of the present time.
Here's a 1906 story about Montezuma's Castle.
In 1904, D.D. MacDonald and a friend named Jim had discovered the cliff dwellings, while chasing a grizzly bear that they had wounded. In May of 1905, they decided to go back to the site and investigate the ruins.
Jim and MacDonald crossed the fertile Verde Valley, and rode on up the sloping hills toward the Cliff Dwellings.
After camping for the night, the two men began to examine the dwellings the following day. While examining the various rooms, they discovered one that had an aperture that lead into the mountain.
Lighting a candle, Jim led the way into the opening, with MacDonald close behind. The opening led straight ahead for a distance of 50 feet, when it suddenly opened into a cavern of huge dimensions.
Carefully examining the cavern, the men were surprised to find that it presented the appearance of having been but recently occupied, and marveled at the state of preservation of the articles found in the cave.
They described a table cut from stone. Upon the table were earthen jars filled with various articles of food, including beans, honey, and bread.
Alongside the wall, hanging from a wooden peg, they found the carcass of an animal resembling a goat. The meat was fresh and did not even have a musty smell. The men could hardly believe their eyes to find these articles in such a state of preservation.
Exploring more, they discovered several tunnels that branched out from the main cavern. They followed the largest one, crawling on hands and knees.
They proceeded carefully for another 100 feet, when they came into another cavern, larger than the first. Here again, they were mystified by the signs of habitation.
In this cavern, they found faggots of wood, and a large piece of meat which had the appearance of having been cooked a few hours before.
The story continues with MacDonald remaining in this cavern, while his colleague continued to explore a different passage. In MacDonald's account, he must have drifted into sleep while Jim went deeper into the subterranean complex.
According to MacDonald's account:
I must have dropped off to sleep shortly after Jim left me, for I was suddenly brought to the realization of my surroundings by hearing shouts which seemingly sprang from the ground about me. I recognized Jim's voice, and realized that he was calling for help. I was struck with horror at the sound of his voice, so extreme was the fear it expressed. My blood turned cold, my heart leaped to my throat, and every hair in my head stood straight up. The sounds drew nearer, and I discerned that they had come from the tunnel into which Jim had disappeared.
'They are after me! They are after me!', were the words MacDonald could hear, followed by the words, 'Cliff Dwellers!'
Jim's head appeared through the mouth of the tunnel. His face was drawn with terror and his breath came in gasps. As he entered he straightened up, unable to speak, and beckoning MacDonald to follow him from the uncanny place.
The two men fled toward an opening which they mistook for the one that led them into the cavern. They crawled, scrambled, and ran, while close behind them came the horde of animals, squealing and emitting harsh ejaculations, almost human.
They emerged into a vast arena which was almost as light as day, and high above them, they could see the clear sky.
The place was a deep well of gigantic proportions, made by nature.
In less time than it takes to tell it, the horde of creatures burst into the arena, and we saw that it was a band of cliff dwellers. The little creatures were about 3 feet in height, and strongly built. They were male and female; old and young.
The men were armed with clubs, and the creatures showed their teeth and snarled like mad dogs.
The creatures leaped at the men as though to tear them to pieces.
Weaponless, Jim and MacDonald ran through the horde, kicking and dodging until they reached the tunnel and made their way back to the large cave.
In their haste, they entered another tunnel, and found a broad, underground valley, which had a mysterious source of light. The valley had a murky little stream of water, which they followed, and came upon a small village, where three nude women were bathing in the stream.
When the women saw them, they screamed with fright and hastened to their houses. Their nude bodies, which were covered with hair, resembled gorillas as much as human beings.
The men rushed through the village, following a path which eventually led the two into the full glare of the sun. They had exited the caverns and into a different cliff dwelling than the one which they had entered.
The two men, the story concludes, immediately returned to their pack animals and rushed away from the site.

1994 - August 8th: The Spokesman Review
At roughly the same time that the Egyptians began building their pyramids, 5,000 years ago, early Great Plains inhabitants discovered a natural icebox in the Black Hills.
Today, scientists and volunteers are sifting through the soil at what must have been a popular summer camp -- a 6,000 foot hilltop, two miles east of what is now the Wyoming border. The camp, no doubt was popular because of the nearby icebox -- a cool cave, where even today, ice deposits remain frozen during the hottest days of August.
Bonnie Styles, director of sciences at the Illinois State Museum in Springfield, is impressed with the results after two weeks of careful digging.
This site is much bigger than we ever thought before this summer, she said.
She speculated that the early Native Americans hunted buffalo in the nearby meadows, and stored their food in the cave, which even today is too cold and damp for comfortable camping.
But, the biggest surprise at Ice Cave remains a mystery.
At the rear of the 75-foot deep cave, next to names chiseled into the wall in 1930’s vandalism, are a series of black smudges. The smudges are nothing new; they’ve been seen elsewhere, although their significance is unknown.
But, above the smudges, are what appears to be imprints of large fingerprints -- big areas of concentric whorls, about a foot in diameter.
'None of our geologists have ever seen anything quite like this', Styles said.
Lance Rom, the U.S. Forest Service archaeologist overseeing the dig, said further analysis will be needed to determine whether the ‘fingerprints’ are man-made, or some weird, natural formation. But the whorls look like the mysterious work of a human being.

The following articles are included to clearly illustrate how the modern academic views any idea which they do not already agree with, despite the abundance of evidence which proves them wrong.

You will notice that the 'expert' usually makes a variety of generalized comments without ever having examined any form of evidence, and then will ultimately make an 'informed, scientific determination' on a topic that he has NEVER even tried to research on the basis that 'he has never heard of such a thing' before.

Of course, the follow up to the reports of ancient giants from almost EVERY scholar is the standardized, 'Dumb Ass Who Thinks He Is Incredibly Funny & Original', basketball comment..... which they sadly believe is ACTUALLY witty.

1976 - October 7th: The Telegraph
(From Lovelock, Nevada)
Times are tough for the legendary red-haired, cannibal giants, whose alleged existence here, centuries ago has been debated for nearly 100 years.
Scientists have said there’s no proof the giants first described in old Indian tales were cannibals.
Chemical staining by earth after burial was advanced as a likely reason why mummified remains have red hair, instead of black, like most Indians in the area.
Now, a new study underway at the University of Nevada indicates the giants were about 6-feet tall, and not up to 10-feet, as had been claimed.
What’s left is evidence of a tribe separate from principal tribes, whose Paiute descendants live here -- perhaps a wandering, more aggressive but outnumbered band, finally hunted down and killed, or chased off.
Anthropologists say the story, while somewhat tamer, is still fascinating. But they concede the old myth has more appeal, and no matter what they say, will probably persist.
Don Tuohy, curator of anthropology at Nevada State Museum, says he is confident the ‘giant’ myth is about to be debunked. He had asked for the latest study after a bundle of ‘giant’ bones were found in an overlooked cabinet of the Nevada Historical Society building in Reno.
But, Tuohy says, the old tale will probably live on.
Dr. Sheilagh Brooks, chairwoman of the anthropology department at University of Nevada - Las Vegas, is now analyzing the bones, which apparently came from the Lovelock Cave, a nearby treasure trove for scientists trying to reconstruct Nevada’s early history.
Dr. Brooks says her initial investigation shows some of the bones were from cows, not giants. The human bones appear to be remains of Indians who were maybe 6 feet tall; big, but not that big, she says.
The myth was written down in 1883 by Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, daughter of a Paiute chief. She told of a strange, red-haired tribe of cannibals that her ancestors drove into a cave, and suffocated by lighting a fire at it’s entrance.
She said that the ‘people eaters’ were so fierce, that they would leap into the air, snatch arrows whizzing over their heads, and shoot them back at the Paiute attackers.
John T. Reid, a Lovelock mining engineer, said Indians took him to the cave in 1886, and told him the same tale, but when he entered the cave, he found nothing but tons of bat guano.
Reid was unsuccessful in getting an archaeological dig started immediately. But, miners, realizing the value of guano as fertilizer, started hauling it out in 1911.
They promptly turned up bones, baskets, weapons, tools, duck decoys, various other artifacts, and what they described as a 6 foot 6 inch, red-haired mummy.
That spurred the first archaeological dig in 1912.
A second dig took place in 1924.
Thousands of artifacts, and about 60 average-height mummies were recovered.
More studies followed, including radio-carbon dating, which showed that the cave had been occupied from about 2000 B.C. to about 900 A.D.

1991 - June 13th: Kentucky New Era
A guard captain at the Eddyville Prison didn’t expect to find anybody when he went exploring the old cave beneath the compound.
Deep in the dark limestone cavern, he beheld a form that froze him in his tracks. In the flickering lantern light, it looked like a huge man. Nearby was a helmet, a cutlass, and a breastplate -- so the story goes.
'A Petrified Giant Discovered In The Recess Of A Cave Near Eddyville', one area newspaper headlined the story.
..The skeleton measures 11-feet, 7 and a half inches…. the Mayfield Mirror reported on March 13th, 1893.
Continuing, it reported that ‘since 10 o’clock this morning, over three hundred citizens have viewed this wonder’.
But almost a century after the man, whom newspapers identified only as Guard Captain Hobgood, is supposed to have made the discovery, nobody inside or outside the prison’s high stone walls seems to know what became of this wonder, or his armor.
Barry Banister, Kentucky State Penitentiary public information officer, says the giant isn’t tucked away in some dusty, disused cell in the maximum security lock-up.
I’ve been here for 22 years, and I’ve never heard the story, Banister said. I doubt that anyone else has either.
Eddyville attorney, Bill Cunningham, an avid local historian, knows about the cave, whose entrance was flooded when Lake Berkeley was built. But he too is in the dark about the giant.
The story is all but unheard of in Eddyville, the seat of Lyon County. Even so, it evidently was widely reported, in local papers anyway.
The Mirror said that the captain’s find ‘will doubtless surprise the most credulous’.
More than the giant seemed unbelievable; the metal breastplate ‘was richly mounted with gold’, the Mirror said.
One of the panels was reported to have been inscribed with the words, ‘Sacu Dagatis Montigi’, and the date 1304; more than 188 years before Columbus sailed to America.
The remains of the giant reputedly weighed more than 293 pounds.
Supposedly, seven to eight pounds of gold decorated the armor.
The Mirror predicted that Hobgood’s bizarre discovery ‘will beyond any question, bring him a fortune’. After displaying it at the prison, the captain planned to travel and show the giant, or sell it to a museum, the newspaper added.
If the giant made Hobgood rich, or landed in a museum, it’s news to Eddyville residents.
If the remains were human, they would have been of the tallest man who ever lived, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. The book says that the tallest ever human stood under 9-feet tall.
In the Ohio Valley, there were some reports of Indian remains found that were 7 feet tall, and clad in bronze armor, said John Robertson, a history professor at Paducah Community College.
Then there was the story of Madoc, a Welsh prince, who is said to have sailed to the New World before Columbus, landed near, what is now Mobile, Alabama, and had explored inland.
But an Eddyville giant?
'Sounds like a tall tale', Robertson said grinning, 'but they could sure use him in the NBA'.

2003 - May 12th: Middlesboro Daily News
(From Rockport, Kentucky)
Did prehistoric giants roam the earth in Ohio County?
'Yes', two history books say.
'Definitely not', says Kent Carstens, an anthropologist.
In 1872, a dusty old skeleton allegedly unearthed near Rockport indicated ‘a giant over 10 feet high’, according to Lewis and Richard Collins’ book, ‘The History of Kentucky’.
Long ago too, an Ohio County man exhumed ‘bones of enormous size’, close to the Green River, wrote Harrison D. Taylor and Mary Taylor Logan in Ohio County, Kentucky, in the Olden Days.
Carstens, who teaches anthropology at Murray State University, said the bones may have been from a Native American burial.
Anna Laura Duncan, a local historian in Hartford, the Ohio County seat, has heard the tales of prehistoric giants, but hasn’t seen proof. ‘If any bones were found, I don’t know where they would be’, she said.
History of Kentucky, published in 1874, claimed coal prospectors mined big bones about a mile from Rockport, which is also on the Green River. They dug down six feet and uncovered ‘the complete skeleton of a human body of gigantic size’, the historians Collins had wrote.
The lower jawbone, when fitted over the lower portion of a man’s face in the party of explorers, completely covered it; the thigh bone, from the hip to the knee was 42 inches long, and the forearm from wrist to elbow measured 22 inches. This would indicate a giant that exceeded 10 feet high.
Carstens can’t account for the supposed size of the bones. But, he doubts that the dimensions were accurate.
The late Robert Render Sr., a gentleman well-known and highly esteemed for his many virtues, used to relate finding a mound or grave near the Green River, in which were bones of enormous size, reported the Taylor-Logan book, published in 1969.
Render was large-boned himself, over six feet tall, the authors said.
It is estimated that the bones belonged to a human that was one-third larger than Mr. Render, who ranked among one of the larger men in this country.
Taylor and Logan did not say when Render found the bones, and their book is silent about what became of the remains.
It is now a subject of regret that this grave had not been thoroughly examined by scientific men, and a full skeleton procured of this semi-giant race, the authors wrote.
Carstens said giants never inhabited Ohio County, or anyplace else in America. There was a popular myth in the 19th-century that the Mound Builders were giant people wiped out by the Indians.
There were even stories that the Mound Builders were Europeans, not Native Americans, Carstens said. He said that the myth was perpetuated to discredit the Indians and to justify stealing their land.


An extraordinary claim does require extraordinary evidence to support it.

The preceding tales can be regarded both as an extraordinary claim, as well as extraordinary evidence.

Are these newspaper items fact or fantasy?

It is an absolute certainty that the earth was inhabited by several vanished cultures and lost civilizations; many of these cultures we know almost nothing, other than a generic name.

This is a fact which cannot be disputed by historians.

Even the most hard-nosed and reluctant scholar has to accept the reality of at least one highly advanced culture in existence on Earth during some prehistoric era; and that all but the slightest traces of this civilization has vanished from the ancient records. But; there ARE still some traces of this mysterious group.

The complete list of lost or vanished cultures is long and extensive, as are the many speculations as to the cause of each of the different cultures' eventual collapse.

There was a time not very long ago, when a surprisingly large number of members within the scientific community believed in the existence of a prehistoric race of giant humans. This fact is effectively documented in the pages of the past.

It is also a fact that these beliefs were alleged to have been proven true on several occasions, at least according to the early news accounts.

Not every newspaper item collected possesses the same level of ‘shock and awe’.

Some are very dry in general tone, while simultaneously describing events of a truly remarkable nature.

Others initially appear quite spectacular, based upon their headline, but simply imply that our current version of human history needs to be revised to go beyond Darwin’s theory on mankind’s origins.

There were enough academics and experts in various scientific fields and scholarly disciplines who openly supported the evidence of this lost race of 'supermen', that the only subject that was actually being debated was 'how advanced' this race of giant people might have been before vanishing into history.

Each one of the previous tales contains at least one remarkable feature which makes it stand out as being extraordinary. In some articles, there are several ideas put forward which defy easy answers.

The observant reader would have noticed that the compilation consists of hundreds of separate news items from the past, and that these items drop off dramatically just prior to the Second World War.

The observant historian would also be aware of the fact that a vital aspect of Nazi ideology was directly based on the Nazi hierarchy’s belief that prehistoric Earth had been the home of a race of ‘supermen’, that had long since vanished from the surface of our planet.

The German/Austrian belief in this mythic race is absolutely astonishing, as it became clear at the end of WW2, many of the Nazi sciences were actually more advanced than that of the Allied nations. There has even been speculation amongst Allied intelligence agencies that Nazi Germany’s scientific achievements could potentially have defeated the Allies if they (the Nazis) hadn’t been devoting their resources to studying the occult and various mystic rites.

For a nation of advanced sciences, it seems almost too incredible to believe that World War 2 era scientists would just randomly conclude that a race of ancient supermen had once existed.

Although highly speculative, is it possible that the Nazi belief in this ancient race of ‘giants’ directly stems from their reading the newspapers of North America?

This compilation of items from early newspapers reflects less than half of the articles which I have gathered supporting the possible existence of an unknown, unnamed, prehistoric people, who possessed extraordinary physical features.

Every one of the items gathered specifically describes extraordinary discoveries and extraordinary ideas.

Every item unearthed reflects the possible reality of that which we call myth and folklore; we call these accounts fairy tales and legends.

Every legend has to begin somewhere, and somewhere within these pages, we can see that legends survive through the ages for a reason.

If any of the preceding items are false or hoaxes, I can honestly say that I don’t know; but then, neither can the reader.

What is completely true, however, is that these strange stories did appear in print, reflecting a very strong belief in the physical reality of these legendary creatures.

The belief in a lone giant, or an entire race of giants began in the early dawn of mankind.

The legend is universal. It transcends time and distance.

It transcends virtually all cultures (both primitive and advanced), and is separated by thousands of years, countless miles, and widely varied spiritual beliefs.

It is impossible to determine which culture or region might have ‘created’ the giant legends and pygmy folktales, but it is truly fascinating to actually see with our own eyes how these beliefs survived so far into this modern era.

I thank you, the reader, for the time which has been invested in reading through this compilation, both the skeptic and the believer alike.

The various preceding examples describing such an incredible variation in the family tree of mankind and his kin, are barely known to the general public.

Many of these peculiar discoveries were very well documented at the time of their alleged discoveries, yet, only a small percentage of us have ever been made aware of them.

In many of the articles, it is also stated that these puzzling antiquities had been thoroughly examined by accredited experts in a number of scientific disciplines, thus, adding an element of validity to these astonishing finds.

However, as truly strange as it is that such discoveries were ever recorded, or that these alleged discoveries had been reported in such vast numbers, there is another aspect of these tales which can be considered equally puzzling.

With all of the data collected by the excavation teams, scientists and researchers, even into the mid-1930s, within a single generation after the end of World War 2, these strange branches of humanity had been driven from a scientific possibility into ‘myth’.

Not even the modern-day experts were ever made aware of these vast and distinct strands of prehistoric life.

This fact can be clearly seen by the general nature of the preceding news items.